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ORIGINAL Realism: Introduction to Mark Twain and Huck Finn

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Angie Orzel

on 22 June 2015

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Transcript of ORIGINAL Realism: Introduction to Mark Twain and Huck Finn

Meet Mark Twain
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
What is Realism?
-Unlike the romantics, realists focused on society, the realities of society, and the "now."
-While romantics perceived the individual as this powerful being that can make his/her own destiny, realists perceived the individual simply as a person...

What influenced Realism?
-America was quickly changing. Industrialization was calling for an American standardization and many writers were worried that the "now" ways, the folklore of American tradition, would soon be lost. For this reason, many realist writing focuses on a specific region. For example, Huck Finn focuses on the Mississippi River. This is referred to as LOCAL COLOR.
-Our nation became divided: many were upset about abolished slavery, while many felt that it was a positive and progressive move for our nation. This left the country feeling torn and created deep prejudice and racism in the south. These problems gave authors purpose to write.
Characteristics of Realism
-Renders reality closely and in comprehensive detail.
-Character is
more important
than action and plot; complex ethical choices are often the subject.
-Characters appear in their real complexity of temperament and motive.
-Class is important; the novel has traditionally served the interests and aspirations of an insurgent middle class.
-Events will usually be plausible. Realistic novels avoid the sensational, dramatic elements of romanticism.
-Diction is natural vernacular, not heightened or poetic; tone may be comical, satiric, or matter-of-fact. Authors chose diction that reflected the realism of the context.
He achieved great success as a writer and public speaker. His wit and satire earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.
Born: November 30, 1835

Boyhood Home: Hannibal, Missouri (situated on the Mississippi River)

-apprentice printer
-steamboat pilot
-confederate volunteer
-newspaper reporter
-frontier humorist

-He was lauded as the "greatest American humorist of his age, and William Faulkner called Twain "the father of American literature."

-Ernest Hemingway called Twain's works the beginning of American literature.
Mark Twain
(Samuel L. Clemens)
Twain shaped the world's view of America and had a profound impact on the development of American writing.
- his presentation of native American material
- his use of the vernacular language
- his departures from the traditions of
nineteenth-century gentility
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Why did Mark Twain write Huck Finn?
Huck Finn has...
- carefully controlled point of view
-implicit ironies
-masterful use of dialects
-humor and pathos
-innocence and evil
"a boy's book"
He wanted to document the real issues of society through an innocent perspective.
Why was it banned?
-lying (Huck's tall tales)
-petty thefts
-denigrations of respectability
and religion
-bad language
-bad grammar
Is it subversive?
Huck's moral crisis forces the reader to question what is wrong in society and asks the individual not to accept respectable morality.
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