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Martin Luther King Jr.

The Life of Martin Luther King Jr.
by

Sarina Desai

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther
King Jr.
Sarina Desai
Gideon
FOK
22 October 2012 Martin Luther King Jr. was such an honorable man.
He was highly influential in the creation of a better world for Americans.
He played a major role during the Civil Rights Movement; he worked so hard to fight against the discrimination and segregation that many African Americans had faced. Early childhood Birth Born on January 15, 1929
Michael King Jr. Name at Birth He was named after his
father who was named
in honor of a religious leader,
Martin Luther. Parents
King Sr. fought against
racial prejudice and not
only because his
kind suffered, but
because he
thought it was a
sin to God’s will. King's grandmother, Jennie, died of a
heart attack, and to King it was
highly tragic because when it happened,
he was out on a parade.
He then tried to commit suicide. Suicide? Education High School Martin Luther King Jr. skipped both
9th and 11th grades.
Overall, King’s education was highly
developed-including college-
and it impacted thoroughly
throughout his work. Morehouse College Entered on
September 20,
1944 As a freshman, his
concern for racial
and economic
equality was already
noted. He worked with many organizations. He always wanted to help humanity. In MLK's
senior year,
he entered the
organization for
his religion On June 8, he
finished Morehouse
with a Bachelor of
Arts Degree in Sociology Crozer Seminary King entered
Crozer Seminary
on September 14, 1948 He traveled to
Philadelphia
to hear a reading
by Dr. Mordecai Johnson
who spoke of the great life
and teachings
of Mahatma Gandhi. MLK was so
inspired; he bought
about half a
dozen on Gandhi’s
life. MLK read the works
of Gandhi’s,
as well as, Marx’s,
& Niebuhr’s. Graduated from
Crozer Seminary
on May 8, 1951
with a Bachelor
of Divinity Degree. Boston University He decided to attend Boston University for two reasons. First, his thinking of philosophical areas had been highly influence Second, one of his professors graduated from Boston University. He studied philosophy
and theology
under the professors,
S. Brightman and
L. Harold DeWolf. King graduated from Boston on June 5, 1955 with a Doctorate in Systematic Theology. He entered Boston University on September 13, 1951. Accomplishments Martin Luther King Jr. has had many accomplishments throughout his entire lifetime. He has done so much for the world and he did it with non-violent action which he did from the bottom of his heart. He helped the world become a better place for not only African Americans, but for all Americans as well. Montgomery Movement •On December 1, 1955, Rosa parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus for a white man.
•She was then arrested.
•The community created a bus boycott in protest.
•They first agreed to a one-day boycott. It became successful and so they extended the boycott even further.
For this extension, they created the title,
Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA).
•The boycott lasted 381 days.
•Then, MIA associates along with King, were arrested
Finally, the case then went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court who ruled segregation on Montgomery buses unconstitutional. In 1958, Martin Luther King Jr. published the book, Stride Toward Freedom, which was about the Montgomery Bus Boycott. One day, however, Izola Ware Curry, stabbed King in the chest during a book signing in New York. Just barely did King survive the stab and earlier that month, Montgomery Police arrested King again. Now, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began to take interest on his actions that continued for the rest of his life. Headquarters were located in Atlanta, Georgia
•It focused on supporting bus boycotts and introducing drivers to register black voters; however, the campaigns made little impressions and so at the end of 1959, King moved back to Atlanta so he could maintain closer contact to the SCLC headquarters.
•February 1960 four black students sat in a sit-in at a segregated lunch counter in NC. It expanded to other cities where it had some success in desegregating facilities. Southern Christian Leadership Conference- organization In which it
comprises of religious, civic, and potential associate groups. SCLC
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee-
for supporting student
protests in Atlanta SNCC April 1960 Albany Movement SCLC’s first non-violent direct-action campaign in 1961- Albany
The Albany Movement had many problems.
The SCLC lacked goals and strategies.
The Albany police chief made mass arrests which wore-out the resources of the movement
The movement was a fail without any positive outcomes March on Washington August 28, 1963- more than 250,000 Americans gathered in Washington D.C. for a political gathering for jobs and freedom
It was created to acknowledge the political and social challenges African Americans had faced through the country.
King’s “I Have a Dream” speech was the most memorable event of the day.
King’s “I Have a Dream” speech called for racial justice and an end to discrimination against all Americans. Nobel Peace Prize •In October of 1964, King was awarded the Nobel Peace prize for his nonviolent fight against racial prejudice in America.
•MLK was the youngest person ever to have received the
Nobel Peace Prize
•He donated the prize money of $54,600, to the civil rights movement. Civil Rights Act •It was proposed by JFK and was
signed into law in 1964
•It intended to end discrimination. Voting Rights Act •King and SCLC members campaigned in Selma, Alabama for black voting rights
•This then led to the 1965 Voting Rights Act
•The act abolished legal barriers to voting rights for African Americans and introduced greater federal protection for African Americans at polls. Assassination •One day, King was standing on the balcony of the second-floor of Lorraine Motel.
•Then, King was shot with a sniper’s bullet in his neck and he was rushed to the hospital.
•The murderer was captured on June 8th as the criminal James Earl Ray at London’s Heathrow Airport.
•He pleaded guilty March 10, 1969. Life Without Martin Luther King Jr. The world without Martin Luther King Jr. would have been much different than it was today. He opened the eyes of millions of people all throughout the country. MLK did so much to fight again discrimination and racial prejudice; he worked hard to make sure equal justice was served to Americans and their rights were endorsed. We should all appreciate and be thankful for what King had to offer Americans. Without him, life may have been much different than it is now. Stride Toward Freedom Siblings Older Sister: Willie Christine
Younger Brother: Alfred Daniel Williams King Parents:
Father: Martin Luther King Sr.
Mother: Alberta Williams King
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