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Art History: Cubism
Transcript of Art History: Cubism
Cubism stated in the early 1900's and still is created today. The the major time of Cubism is estimated to be around 1907-1914. When Why How Featured Artist: Picasso... Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso is a Spanish artist whom was born October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain. He was the son of an art teacher named Don Jose Ruiz y Blasco. Georges Braque, 1909, oil on canvas
80 cm x 80 cm (32 in x 32 in).
Private Collection WHAT Analytic Cubism Picasso and Braque were good friends and would get together to exchange ideas and visual interests in art. As the two exchanged ideas, their concepts of Cubism grew. Cubism began to bud and grow into a great and industrious art era. 1881-1973 Cubism is an early 20th century avant-garde art movement pioneered by Pablo Picosso. It is a complete denial of Classical conception of beauty. Unlike traditional still-life, landscapes, or portrait paintings, Cubism paintings are not meant to be realistic or life-like in any way. Instead, after looking at the subject from every possible angle, the artist will piece together fragments from different vantage points into one painting. The artist is attempting to give a fuller, more detailed explanation of the subject --- breaking past barriers of space and time. Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque during the winter of 1909-1910. It lasted until the middle of 1912, when collage introduced simplified versions of the "analytical" forms. Picasso and Braque invented specific shapes and characteristic details that would represent the whole object or person through various points of view (simultaneity). The most complex period of 'Analytical Cubism' has been called 'Hermetic Cubism' because it is almost impossible to distinguish the images. However, it is not Abstract. Analytic Cubism Synthetic Cubism Synthetic Cubism Synthetic Cubism grew out of "Analytic Cubism". It was developed by Picasso and Braque and then copied by the Salon Cubist. Picasso and Braque discovered synthetic cubism through the repetition of 'analytic' signs, their work became more generalized, more geometrically simplified and flatter. Overlapping planes sometimes share one colour. The integration of collage which integrated signs and fragments of real things, is one aspect of "Synthetic Cubism".This cubism is considered to be the first Pop art. Art History: CUBISM FIN During this time art was realistic which caused Picasso and Braque to exchanged ideas which ended up with the creation of Cubism. Cubism began and originated in France during the early 1900's, where is expanded to other countries and other artists including Juan Gris (1887-1927), Fernand Leger (1881-1955), Francis Picabia (1879-1953), Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), Robert Delaunay (1885-1941), and many others. Pablo Picasso Legond has it, Picasso's first words were "piz, piz" which is short for "lapiz", meaning pencil in Spanish. Fun Fact: As early as the age of seven, Picasso was begun his art training taught by his father. It wasn't long before he surpassed his fathers skills. In 1895, Pablo's father accepted a position at Barcelona's School of Fine Arts. His father asked for Pablo to be able to take the entrance exam. The officials were impressed and he was admitted into the academy. He lacked discipline as a student but made friends and grew as an artist. In 1907. Picasso painted one of his most works of art 'Les Demoiselles d'Avignon'. with this painting, and with the help of Georges Braque, Cubism began to flourish. Georges Braque was born on May 13, 1882 in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise. He is known as the second co-founder of Cubism. Georges Braque Picasso was a relatively poor student. He lost ambition for learning and rather spent his days doodling and drawing in his notebooks. Pablo Picasso, 1907. oil on canvas
243.9 cm x 233.7 cm (96 in x 92 in)
Museum of Modern Art, New York City Les Demoiselles d'Avignon The originally named painting, 'The Brothel of Avignon', was created in 1907. The work portrays five nude female prostitutes from a brothel on Carrer d'Avinyó in Barcelona. Each figure is depicted in a non conventional manner with angular shapes. Two are shown with African mask-like faces and three faces in the Iberian style of Picasso's native Spain. This painting was revolutionary and controversial leading to anger and disagreement, even amongst his closest associates and friends. At the age of 16, Picasso's father enrolled him into Spain's most distinguished art school, Madrid's Royal Academy of San Fernando. This was short lived for Picasso struggled in taking formal instruction. In 1900, Picasso made his first trip to Paris. Paris at this time was considered the art capital of Europe. It was here that art collectors began taking interest in Picasso's works. By 1905, he had become a favourite of American art collectors Leo and Gertrude Stein. Pablo Picasso died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France. He is best remembered as one of the co-founders of Cubism. His life molded and changed the art movement forever. In 1890, Braque and his family move to Le Havre where he has his first encounter with his fathers painting business. In 1899, Braque attended Le Havre Art Academy lectures before he moves to Paris in 1900 where he continues his apprenticeship as a decoration painter. He attended drawing classes followed by other studies. Braque spends the fall of 1906 painting in L'Estaque, in the foorsteps of Paul Cézanne whom he admired. In 1907 , Braque and Picasso meet and become acquainted. Braque and Picasso became close and shared their thoughts and ideas which came to create Cubism. Braque serves in WWI and suffers a sever head injury followed by a long period of convalescence. He picked up painting again in 1923. He became detached from Cubism. Besides painting, Braque also creates an extensive graphic oeuvre as of 1912, making etchings, also in colours, lithographs, and woodcuts. As of 1939 he began to deal intensively with sculpting and pottery. He created the "stuio pictures" as of 1949. Braque dies in Paris on August 31, 1963.