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Geography in Japan (Mini-lesson for 3/27/12)
Transcript of Geography in Japan (Mini-lesson for 3/27/12)
An overview presented by: Andrea Gambino & Ryan Millhoff Physical Features Japan is east of Asia & near China Japan and the Koreas are separated only by a narrow straight Japan is an island country Composed of 4 large islands and over 3,000 small islands! Comparatively, Japan is the length of southern Florida to Northern Maine! Major islands are known as the home islands Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu (most people from Japan reside on these islands) Japan is covered in 75% of mountains The highest mountain is Mt. Fuji Fuji is a symbol for Japan and is considered sacred to many spiritual and religious natives of Japan Fuji is also a volcano and is frequently enjoyed by hikers and climbers alike Climate Northern Japan & the Koreas are humid continental climate Summers=cool Winters=long/cold These seasons lead to a short growing season for crops Southern Japan and Korea are humid subtropical climate Summer=hot & humid/heavy rainfall and typhoons frequent in the summer in this area resulting in up to 80 inches of rainfall per year Winter=mild Resources North/South Korea are known for their mineral resources (coal & iron) and their hydroelectric power Japan is known for its’ fishery industry (one of the strongest in the world) Natural Disasters Why are there natural disasters in Japan? Japan’s islands are located in a volcanic zone on the Pacific Ring of Fire The Ring of Fire is a result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of crustal plates 80% of the world’s largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire What kinds of natural disasters occur in Japan? Volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons What are some of the largest natural disasters in Japan’s past? The monstrous earthquake of 1923 in Tokyo seized over 140,000 people’s lives. The October 24th, 2004 Chuetsu earthquake=6.9 magnitude seizing 40 lives The 2011 Tohoku earthquake=9.0 magnitude/damage=flooding, landslides, fire, building and infrastructure damage, nuclear incidents/megathrust earthquake (one tectonic plate forced under another) /duration=6 minutes March 11,2011—Japan suffered the strongest earthquake in its’ recorded history=magnitude of 8.9 and was aggravated by a 23 foot tsunami, affecting the northeast area of Honshu, including Tokyo. How do these disasters impact the economy, and daily life for Japan’s citizens? Many things were temporarily stalled in Japan—factories closed, no incoming out outgoing flights from airports, automobile construction ceased etc.—however, Japan has been bouncing back rather quickly. One projected prediction is that the tourism industry will slow down which would devastate the economy due to recent events—peak season is March to June. How can WE help? Go to Helpful Websites on Blackboard to look at different organizations that are aiding the people in Japan during this time of tremendous need.