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The 13 Colonies
Transcript of The 13 Colonies
HOW THEY GOT STARTED:
The colonies learned their lesson from Jamestown & knew they needed to spend time raising cattle, tobacco and corn.
Maryland founded as a place for English Catholics to go to escape persecution (punishment)
Lord Baltimore passes the first ever religious toleration act
( Toleration Act of 1649)
making it illegal to restrict the rights of a Christian.
GREAT example of early religious freedom in the new world.
Georgia was started for poor English settlers.
Many prisoners & people who were jailed for debt.
Original goal was to have GA be made up of small farms, not rich plantation owners. To do this they outlawed slavery and have strict laws on land size.
Settlers grew unhappy with this and eventually went to plantations and slavery when Georgia became a royal colony in 1752..
Quakers, who settle mostly in PA,
rejected formal religious practices and dressed plainly.
Quakers supported nonviolence as well as religious tolerance and were anti-slavery.
This differed from Christian views in America and England, so they were persecuted in both places.
New England Colonies
is part of Massachusetts at this time
Economy based on trade & manufacturing
Major industries are: Fishing, Lumber, Shipbuilding,
They lived along the coast, soil was harder to farm, tress were plentiful and demands for boats rises due to slave trade.
Little to no slavery
Harsh winters, cold, long summers. Not ideal for farming. Rocky soil, lots of trees.
The 13 colonies were divided into three regions based on their geography.
Each regions economy was determined by their geography.
Religion and economic wealth play a part in the founding of the country.
Industry (factories) do not exist in this America. Modern day big business is not part of this American system.
The region you live in defines your life.
HOW"D THE PURITANS GET THERE?
King Charles I refused to allow Puritans to criticize the Church
Like the Pilgrims, they lost jobs, we overtaxed, persecuted. .
These problems lead to the Great Migration- between 1630-1640 tens of thousands of English men, women and children left England.
More than 40,000 English emigrants move to the Caribbean and New England.
Puritans settled near Boston, Massachusetts under John Winthrop
How they Got Started:
Many of the other New England Colonies were formed because people left MA ( Massachusetts) to practice their religion.
Connecticut ( CT)- Fundamental Orders of CT create the system to keep church and state separate. All men could vote
Rhode Island- Started by 2 people: Roger Williams & Anne Hutchinson after they were kicked out of MA for disagreeing with how it was run.
Williams starts Providence, Hutchinson starts Portsmouth
Combine to form RI:
government like CT: church & state seperate
The Salem Witch Trials are evidence of tension in these colonies!
19 women put to death
'2 New Dramatic Preachers'
New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania
Economy based on trade (especially FUR!) and farming staple crops
Wheat, Barely, Rye, Beef, Pork, Butter
Most major cities are ports
Little Slavery: most slaves worked in cities. NO slavery in PA
Quakers, Protestants, Catholics
Coastal, moderate temps. All four seasons. Good for some farming.
"Virginia Goes 2C Mary"
Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland
Economy based on agriculture ( farming)
Crops: Tobacco, Rice, Corn, Indigo, Sugercane, Cotton
Warmer year round, longer growing seasons
High demand for workers leads to increase in slavery.
Southern colonies have the highest population of slaves
Very strict branch of religion
It was not easy to practice religion openly in Massachusetts unless you were Puritan.
Education was very important, literacy was high
New England Primer: Stories from the Bible to help learn reading
more literate than any other colony
Started Harvard (1636) and William & Mary College (1693).
How the Middle Colonies Got Started
Originally Dutch colonies
taken over by British in 1664
Renamed New York and New Jersey
William Penn ( a Quaker from New Jersey) breaks away and starts Pennsylvania
Promises RELIGIOUS FREEDOM in PA
Delaware ( was part of PA) but becomes its own state in 1776
Explain how European countries established colonies in North America as a means of increasing wealth and power.
1) Identify the three colonial regions
2) Compare and contrast religion/culture and economy of EACH region
THE COLONY CHALLENGE
List as MANY of the 13 original colonies as you can, from MEMORY. No cheating!
You have 3 minutes.