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Transcript of Mountain Biome
and location determines the altitudes at which the tundra conditions occur. The mean annual temperature of this biome is 24 degrees Fahrenheit
(-4 degrees Celsius).
As you can see from this gorgeous picture, the bottom of the mountain is teeming with trees and vegetation. But you'll also notice that as the elevation increases, the amount of life diminishes. This is because it becomes too cold to support most living things. Geology With the exception of a few areas of igneous rock, most
mountains are almost exclusively sedimentary rocks. The exception is volcanoes like this one, or mountains that were once volcanoes (extinct volcanoes). These are a few examples of the sedimentary mountains in which the layers of sediment are extremely visible. The layers on the bottom are composited of older rock, while the youngest rock is on the top layer. Plant Life This flower is called the Mountain Devil because of its vibrant blood red color and "horns." This beauty is only found in the mountains.
Plants are some of the many living things on mountains that are affected by altitude. Altitude affects temperature, and temperature affects plants, which affects the consumers that feed on those plants. As you get closer to the top of the mountain, the less plants, therefore less animals.
The high altitudes of a mountain also bring weather issues. The wind is stronger, storms are more intense, and it's usually much colder. The plants are greatly affected by all these factors. Only the plants that can withstand these harsh conditions survive at the higher altitudes of a mountain. No plants can survive on the summits of mountains, because their just isn't enough soil, let alone rain (especially for the mountains that surpass the clouds).
This is a perfect example. There are plenty of plants on the lower areas of the foreground, but in the background you can see on the higher mountain how the plants just stop about half way to two thirds of the way up. This is due to the temperature, and the weather conditions. Animal Life This cougar is the king of the Rocky Mountains. It is the apex predator of this ecosystem. Across the sea, in European and Asian mountains, its distant cousin, the rare snow leopard, is the king of the slopes. This mountain goat is a master of the most dangerous cliff faces. This animal lives where we would wet ourselves to be.
As you can see, they must have this
thick coat of fur to keep warm on the
highest ranges of its territory.
Don't mess with the horns. When one is discussing mountains there is
simply no way to leave out the king of the
air—the bald eagle. No animal hunts this animal, let alone
cathes them. They are a symbol of power, royalty, honor
and so much more in so many places. There is a reason it is
the symbol of The United States of America. Symbiotic Relationships There are not a lot of directly symbiotic relationships in the mountains besides that between animals and the parasites that live on them. For example, deer ticks live off of deer, and so on. Another symbiotic relationship in this difficult environment is simply the food chain. The plants produce nutrients, which are devoured by an animal that is then devoured by another animal, which is then devoured by another animal, and so on. This chain of assistance helps all the organisms in an area by keeping the balance and therefore not killing off an entire link in the chain. Mountains Works Cited Image Hosting, Free Photo Sharing & Video Sharing at Photobucket. 2010. Web. 30 Apr. 2010. <http://photobucket.com/>.
Maps of World Biomes. Discovery Communications, LLC., 2010. Web. 29 Apr. 2010.
Cameron, Ward. "Bricks and Mortar – The Rocks That Make Up The Rockies." Mountain Nature. All Material. Web. 29 Apr. 2010. Some Interesting Videos http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/planet-earth-mountains-on-the-edge.html
http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/planet-earth-mountains-grizzly-moth-feast.html At times the wind up here
can be quite docile. But it can
also get up to over 150 mph. Depending on the mountains, the rainfall can be abundant with up to 500 inches a year. In other mountains there is no rain. Instead their is 500 inches of snow a day, which happens to be the average snowfall of the Rocky Mountains.