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Eucharist Mind Map
Transcript of Eucharist Mind Map
8.3 The Story Passover
Exodus 12: The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread,
Quote from the passage. " Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household" (Exodus 12: 3-4)
Deuteronomy 16: The Passover
Quote from the passage: "Do not eat it with bread made with yeast, but for seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste" (Deuteronomy 16: 3-4)
8.4 The Celebration of Passover Today
Passover is a celebration of the Jews' freedom from slavery in Egypt and this is celebrated in the following steps;
Cleaning all the house of Leaven (yeast) and some people today hide leaven in the house for their Husbands' to find and dispose of.
Preparing the Seder plate of six different symbolic foods
The wives light the candle to begin Passover
Reading from the Haggadah (passover stories)
Drink from the 4 cups in the order they are set during the ceremony
Then continue to eat each of the foods placed on the Seder plate, except hiding half of the unleavened bread for later
The Youngest Child asks the Rabbi questions that are answered by him
The Children find the other half of the unleavened bread at then it is eaten
After eating the meal they welcome in Elijah which a spare plate and cup is left for him at the table
Say the Hallel. Recite psalms, bless the fourth cup of wine, and drink it.
Conclude the Ceremony with songs and stories
8.8 The Eucharist and the Basilica
8.7 The Breaking of the bread in the Early House Churches
8.1 The Eucharist is about Life
8.11 The Eucharist and the Second Vatican Council
8.12 The Eucharist Today
How is a Mass structured
8.5 The Eucharist and Passover
"This is my Body, which will be given up for you"
"This is my Blood, which will be poured out for you. Do this in memory of me."
"New Passover Lamb"
8.2 The significance of the Eucharist
8.10 What is the "Real Presence"
Have 2 bold phrase and own definition for these
8.6 The Eucharist in the Early Church
Who gives you Praise and who do you praise in turn?
Who do you need most to thank in your life? who has thanked you recently and for what?
Changing the World
Summarise each dot point Pg 157
The Eucharist is the source and basis of all Catholic life. it encompasses the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
The Eucharist is a celebration of praise and thanksgiving to the Father, it is remembering and celebrating the action of Jesus Christ, and the power by the Holy Spirit. The liturgy is in the unity of the Spirit: everyone has a function and ministry.
Eucharist is a sacrifice making present the life, death and resurrection of Jesus and the real presence of Christ which is shown as bread and wine. The Eucharist shows that Jesus offered his life for humanity.
The last supper is a unique event, but one event where Jesus' ministry is show with the constant sharing of meals with men and women of all parts of society. Food is necessary for life; it comforts and brings people together. Spiritual food does the same, at a different level.
Draw symbols & signs
Select 3 points from Ritual Actions pg 158
Proclaiming the Word: Christianity is not practiced in isolation but shared with others
Listening to the Word: reflecting on the Word, seeing its universal significance
Giving of the gifts: realising what we have, and sharing them with the community
Select 5 points from Summary pg 158
Takes part in the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ
Takes stock of its own sinfulness, and resolves to change
Listens to the word of God
Gives praise to the Father, through the son, in the Spirit
Draws on God's grace
The Introductory Rites
This first part of the celebration is where everyone gathers together, to prepare a formal beginning to what will follow. It includes:
Antiphon (Entrance Song)
The sign of the Cross
The Penitential Rite
The Opening Prayer
The Liturgy of the Word
Through the readings from Scriptures, God speaks to the assembled people. They reflect on the readings in the homily and through silence. They then put their petitions before God. The parts of the Liturgy of the Word are:
The First Reading
The Responsorial Psalm
The Second Reading
The Gospel Acclamation
The Gospel Reading
The Profession of Faith
The Prayer of the Faithful
The Liturgy of the Eucharist
This part of the Eucharist follows and makes present again the exact actions of Jesus at the last supper, where he gave himself, under the forms of bread and wine, to his disciples.
Preparations of the Gifts
Preparations of the altar
Processions of the gifts
Preparations of the gifts
Priest's washing of hands
Prayer over the gifts
The Eucharistic Prayer
The Holy Holy Holy
Invocation of the Holy Spirit
Prayers for the living and the dead
The Communion Rite
The Lords Prayer
The Sign of Peace
The Breaking of the Bread
The Lamb of God
Invitation to Communion
The Priest's Communion
The Distribution of Communion
The Communion Song
The Washing of the Vessels
The Prayer after Communion
The Concluding Rites
Here the celebration is brought to a close and the people are sent out to be witnesses to Christ in their daily lives.
The Final Blessing
The Bread and Wine
The Cross reminds Christians of God's love in sacrificing his own son for humanity.
Who is "Present" to you, even when you can't see or speak to them?
Who makes sacrifices for you? What sacrifices have you made for others?
Who gives their time, energy and love to you? To whom do you give?
Who do you eat with, and what makes these times enjoyable?
To what people and groups do you fell that you belong?
What times in your life do you celebrate? What recent celebrations can you remember? What celebrations are you looking towards in the future?
What blessing do you think you have received in your life?
Who has forgiven you, and whom do you need to forgive?
To whom do you listen and why?
What do you what to change about the world?
Christians used Noah's dove as a peace symbol. The Dove can also symbolise the Holy Spirit.
It symbolises the glass from which Jesus Christ drank with his disciples during the Last Supper.
The Bread and Wine represents Jesus' blood and body. It also represents life, joy and nourishment.
The Seder plate
The very earliest reference to the Eucharist that we have, comes from the first letter of Paul to the Corinthians.
Paul's letter to the Corinthians was written in the middle of the first century, probably around AD 55.
Paul's words to the Corinthians give us evidence that the Eucharist, or the "breaking of the bread", was central to the life and identity of the early Christian communities
Paul corrects the Corinthians, because while they celebrate the death and resurrection of the Lord in the breaking of the bread they are divided among themselves
Gathering and preparing
Reading and explaining the Scriptures
Community prayers of intercession
Preparation of the gifts of bread and wine
The Eucharistic Prayer with the central moment of the consecration of the bread and wine
The distribution of the Body and Blood of Christ
The First Passover
1.One-year old lamb, perfect and without blemish, was sacrificed to God.
2.By the blood of the lamb, the israelite were feed.
3.Unleavened bread and wine strengthened the Israelites as they journeyed to the promised land.
4.The Passover meal is the memorial of God's saving action on behalf of the Israelites.
5.Through Moses, God gave the Israelites a covenant by which he made them his people
6.Moses told the Israelites to celebrate Passover annually.
(Pg 171 and 172) no less than 3 points
The priest who celebrates the Eucharist
The Scripture that is read aloud, and in
The gathered community
Christ under the appearance of bread and wine
Second Vatican council reaffirming the Eucharist as the same Sacrifice as that of Jesus on the Cross
Pg 173 all these points must appear at least 3 in picture form
The altar was brought forward so the priest could face the people
Anointing with oil meant setting the person apart for a particular missions.
The fire/light represents God's purifying presence.
Laying on of the hands
The laying on of the hands was the sign of calling down the Holy Spirit.
Order of the early mass
2 points from this section
Summarise each dot point on pg 167
Early Christians celebrated the breaking of the bread as a response to "do this in memory of me" said by Jesus at the last supper.
Jesus' memory was preserved through the reading and telling of stories, prayer and celebrating, which was all done in Eucharist in hope that Jesus may come again.
Early Christians believed the breaking of the bread symbolised eating and drinking the blood and body of Christ.
The early Christians gathered on Sunday to read the Scriptures, to re-tell the story of Jesus' death and resurrection, to remember him blessing the bread and wine. Christians believed and taught that the bread and wine symbolise the body and blood of Christ. Early in the second century St Ignatius, described the Eucharist as the flesh of our saviour, Jesus Christ.
The early communities met in house-churches, in a family's home. The unity and love experienced in the breaking of the bread showed the care and support early christians had for one-another.
In the first twenty years after Jesus' death, the breaking of the bread was taken with a meal, similar to the last supper. However in the middle of the first century the blessing of the bread and wine were separated from the meal. The bread and wine were first consecrated in a prayer, which is called the Eucharistic Prayer. After this Christians were allowed to take portions of the Eucharist home, to receive during the week or to bring to those who were not there, especially those who had been persecuted.
The meal was held later and it came to be called the "agape" or "love feast".
The basilica was a large, long hall used by the Romans as law courts.
Deacons acolytes who assisted at the altar would take a portion to people that could not attend
8.9 The Eucharist in the Middle Ages
No less than 3 points and one image
Ordinary people became more like spectators than participants in the Eucharist
Some were awe-struck, even fearful of the Eucharist
Twelve or fourteen year old children and many adults would only receive the Eucharist once a year
The whole mass, including the Scripture readings, was recited or sung in Latin
The Monstrance is used for a special Eucharistic blessing (benediction) and for carrying the Host in procession on feast days.
The unveiling or announcement of something, making it shown to people and in this case bringing out the consecrated bread and wine (making its appearance in mass).
The quality an individual possess not physical but can be expressed, mentally and spiritually, with the help of the body and blood of Jesus it can be nourished.
The sign of peace was recommended to be used just before Communion
In most countries, the people could receive Communion in their hands not just on the tongue
Put 4 points in your own words
Mass is not spoken in Latin anymore it is now done in the language of the people.
Christian followers now play an active part in liturgy, this is done through reading, commentating, serving and helping to give out Communion
The response to the words of Consecration are with an acclamation which is Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again
Priests were given a choice between four Eucharistic prayers which were available for use on ordinary Sundays
Communion could now be given "under two species" or as consecrated bread and wine
More importance was given to the reading of Scripture as appropriate to the Church season or feast. A responsorial psalm was introduced after the first Scripture reading which was taken from the Old Testament
Priest were encouraged to use the time of the homily (sermon) to explain and reflect in the Scripture readings
The General Intercessions (prayers of the Faithful) that had been a part of the earliest Eucharistic celebrations were re-introduced
Old testament connection story make at least 2 references to this story
1 point of reference
All bold statements Must appear on Mind map
No less than 3 dot points