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Education in Haiti

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Francesca Benvenuto

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Education in Haiti

Learning in the Community Linguistic Background References Educational System Learning in the Family Hope for Haiti

Sports in Haiti
-do not have access to the usual recreational activities most countries do
-card games and dominos are considered popular pastimes
-most popular cockfighting which takes place every Sunday in almost every village and neighborhood across the country, type of gambling, successful trainer of this game can become a huge figure in the community
-soccer (known as football in Haiti) is also pretty popular, draws huge crowds in Port-au-Prince
- for those who can afford bicycles, cycling is pretty popular as well

Art in Haiti
-many galleries in the U.S and Europe exhibit Haiti art, some pieces have even influenced the designs of wood carving and tapestries Education in Haiti The School Haiti has two official languages: French and Haitian Creole.

French is the language used in education.

Less than 10 percent of the country speaks French fluently.
In most schools, even the teachers don't understand it very well, yet they're asked to teach in it.

The Louverture Cleary School, a private Catholic institution, uses Creole in the classrooms. The students are exposed to Creole, French, English and Spanish.

In most cases, Haitian students are not exposed or taught English. Private schools are the exception. By Frankie Benvenuto, Allie Wyckoff,
Allie Servidio, Ashley Ordile and Ashley Suppa Learning in the Peer Groups Religious Background -Roman Catholicism and Protestantism are the official religion of Haiti and taught in some Haitian schools but voodoo is also considered their religion.

-Majority of Haitians believe in and practice at least some aspects of voodoo revolves around family spirits.

-Religion is practiced in only private schools mostly.
Ex. Louverture Cleary School- Catholic School core curriculum adheres to the standards of the Haitian minister of education.

- "A Louverture Cleary education can change a life, and through that life, a thousand more.” Mission statement The Classroom Schools in Haiti were completely collapsed after the hurricane
The earthquake destroyed 90 percent of schools, leaving children without an education for months.

Private Schools: Students have their own desk and chair
Public Schools: Students have their own chairs but share tables as desks or have their own.
Poor areas: Students sit on benches or on the floor
Small tables are provided as desks that multiple students use at once. The Subject Area Haitian curriculum involves many subjects to be learned in great detail
-Memorization and recitation is popular

Subjects taught are what one would find being taught in any western school
-Reading, writing, arithmetic
-However, since there are little supplies, if at all, learning to write is impossible in many schools

Grading and testing is strict, as well as teachers The Grade Level Preschool

Fundamental Education (Elementary Education)

Secondary Education

Higher Education Rural Schooling Sociopolitical Background Haiti has lost its institutional strength and ability to provide basic services, especially after the earthquake in January of 2010

The economic collapse has caused many families to become incapable of meeting the direct and indirect costs of education which has led to the pulling of children from schools, especially girls

Not only have financial barriers been a disadvantage to Haiti’s education system, but language barriers have also brought difficulty

Even if families are financially stable and have children that speak fluent French, many Haitian schools cannot offer a quality education Cultural Values One of the most important is Independence Day which is celebrated on January 1st.
-Troops march around in Port-au-Prince. The Haitian flags are flown all throughout the country.
-A traditional yellow soup, the “Soup of Freedom” is served (This soup is made of squash and various vegetables and other ingredients, at one time, only rich people could eat this soup).
-It is a time of many festivities and celebrations.
-Children listen to stories of how Haiti became an independent nation.
-Schools are closed for this holiday.


Schools in the U.S. often are closed for Holidays such as Thanksgiving, Christmas and depending on the district,
Martin Luther King Jr. Day, President’s Day or President’s Birthdays. Status of Special Needs Students (Haiti) -According to Jacobson (2008), “the Pan American Health Organization (1998) estimates that there are 800,000 people with disabilities living in Haiti”
-Jacobson (2008) states, “the Haitian Ministry of Education estimates that 2% of children attending school have a disability” Technology -Mostly all of technology was wiped out by the 2010 earthquake… rebuilding education.

-Microsoft workers arrived to introduce a computer and other technologies to a classroom in Haiti (the workers found teacher using one textbook to teach 3o children).

-Helping teachers use technology and preparing students for the twenty-first centuries is also crucial but almost impossible in Haiti.

-One technology Microsoft introduces is 'Mouse Mischief' which allows an entire classroom of students to interact with their teachers using a single computer, each student having their own mouse drawn to the same screen.

-Building Back better: impacting 20,000 students who will gain access to improved education through technology. On January 12th, 2010 Haiti underwent a 7.0 earthquake that devastated the nation. Based on the French system. French remains the language of instruction in the private schools, however in public schools Creole is used as well

Funded by the Ministry of Education, a branch of its government focused on providing educational services and regulation

After the earthquake of 2010, Haiti’s education system fell into a major crisis and the schooling of about 3 millions students was disrupted
-This is when the Haitian government had to turn to international aid due to its insufficient educational budget

Haitian schools were already overcrowded, poorly managed, had bad physical conditions and little teacher training; after the earthquake the education system hit an all time low
-A crisis curriculum has been made to bring children back to school Educational System continued The educational system of Haiti includes primary, middle, secondary, and tertiary schools. There are about four or five private college institutions Sociopolitical Background cont. Reforms
Peace Education
-Violence is an inevitable part of the Haitian society that children are exposed to from the day they are born
-Peace education teaches students to deal with conflict in nonviolent and interesting ways
-Teaching methods are modified to encourage students to actively participate in group activities that are interactive to instill in students an understanding of the importance of communication and cooperation amongst others
United States Institution of Peace
-Promotes closing financial and language barriers and making the education system of Haiti affordable, yet influential
-Improvement of teachers
-Preparation for the future
-Managing conflict
-Teaming up with the international community Nursery School

Elementary School

Middle School

High School

College

Homeschooling Haiti United States Technology continued Community continued 3 million students had their schooling disrupted or halted after the
earthquake.

State education shall be free at every level.

The current education system functioning in Haiti is doing so with virtually
no Government involvement

Haitian Government lacks the necessary funds to provide a free public
education to the Haitian children

Post earthquake: Crisis Curriculum was in place

basic life skills and psychosocial activities to help them and their teachers
cope with the extreme stress from the earthquake experience

3 main phases of schooling: Primary School, Secondary School,
Vocational School or University Preschool Ages 3 to 5
Majority are in elementary schools
most are private schools
23% of age group have access to preschool Total of 9 years
First, second, & third cycles (3 years per cycle)
Ages 6 to 11
Tuition is legally free in public schools for the first 2 cycles
Beginning at the second cycle, students have the option of following vocational training programs
The third cycle can be completed in either elementary or secondary school Fundamental Education (Elementary Education) Secondary Education 4 years of schooling
Less than 22% of children move on from elementary to secondary education
Of the 22%, 75% go to private school
There are about 2,190 secondary schools in Haiti & 90.5% of those are private Higher Education Follows the completion of secondary education

Can be a wide range of years depending on program of study

4 regional public universities -Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) tend to focus on mainly physical handicaps
-Children who struggle are not tested for potential intellectual disability
-There are special education centers that provide education & training, but only provide a limited number of children Special Needs (Haiti) continued Jacobson (2008) states that “the Haitian Constitution supports in principle the idea that ‘persons with disabilities shall have the means to ensure their autonomy, education, and independence.’ However, there is no policy that requires schools to provide an appropriate education to all children” We are the forefront in leading special education programs in the world

EHA: Education for all Handicapped Children

IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

FAPE: Free & Appropriate Public Education

IEP: Individualized Education Program

NCLB: No Child Left Behind Act Special Needs (U.S.) Cultural Values continued -Due to Haiti’s poverty stricken state, many students do not have a lot of clothes to wear.
-Therefore, as far as appearance goes for students, it depends on what school they attend. Most boarding and private schools require uniforms.
-Teachers address all students by their last name
-Students speak only when asked
-Teachers have total authority Allie Wyckoff
-Education in Haiti. (2011, October 02). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Haiti
-Education in The United States. (2012, February 27). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_United_States
-Jacobson, E. (2008). Comparative Policy Brief: Status of Intellectual Disabilities in the Republic of Haiti. Journal Of Policy And Practice In Intellectual Disabilities, 5(2), 122-124.
-Pierre, Fenel (2005). Peer interaction in the Haitian Public School Context. School of International Training, Brattleboro, Vermont

Allie Servidio
-The education system in haiti. (2012). Retrieved from http://servicelearning.rubiconef.org/our-efforts/haiti-project/the-education-system-in-haiti/
-Education system in haiti. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.classbase.com/Countries/Haiti/Education-System
-Luzincourt, K., & Gulbrandson, J. (2010). http://www.usip.org/. Retrieved from http://www.usip.org/files/resources/sr245.pdf Peer Interaction-Haiti Not very effective

Large groups of students in classrooms

Develop working relationships between older and younger students Peer Interaction-United States Groups of 4-5 students

Group work Career depends on the class of family

Wealthy
-Children expected to go to primary, secondary and higher education schools

Poor
-Families will ration money and send only male children to school

Haitian parents trust schools and teachers completely
-No involvement in education process whatsoever
-Only responsible for moral development

Overall high value of education and schooling Poorer areas in one of the poorest countries in the world

Most rural parents try to send their children at least to primary school

School structures range from being made out of coconut and banana leaves to corrugated metal roofs and concrete blocks. Many lack electricity, bathrooms, clean water, food, first aid, benches, chalkboards, and daily classroom necessities.

By the age of seven or eight most rural children engage in serious work.

Get the household water and firewood

helping to cook and clean around the house.

Help with livestock, help their parents in the garden and run errands

Fosterage (restavek) is a system in which children are given to other individuals or families for the purpose of performing domestic services. Urban Schooling -Where most public and the elite private schools are concentrated
-Private schools mainly run by Roman Catholic church
-Mainly only the wealthy could attend
-Most popular is Union School, Port-au-Prince
-American Style college prep courses and curriculum
Grades preK-12
-In the 2011-2012 school year, 98% of the School's income derives from tuition
-Annual tuition rates, including books, technology and activity fees
PK2- grade 2: $6,150; grade 3-5: $7,300; grade 6-8: $8,500; grades 9-12: $10,000 Urban Schools Rural Schools Ashley Ordile
-Haiti society. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/haiti/SOCIETY.html
-Haitian Timoun Foundation. (2012). Louverture cleary school. Retrieved from http://htflive.nextmeta.com/content.cfm?id=312
-Microsoft. (2011, January 11). Topstories previous can. Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/news/Features/2011/jan11/01-11HelpingHaiti.aspx
-Britannica. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/251961/Haiti/217446/Sports-and-recreation

Ashley Suppa
-Haiti society. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/haiti/SOCIETY.html-Hope for haiti. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.hopeforhaiti.com/Education.html-Jacobson, E. (2011).
-An introduction to haitian culture for rehabilitation service providers. Buffalo, New York: University at Buffalo. Retrieved from http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/culture/monographs/haiti.php
-The rubin educational foundation. (2013). Retrieved from http://servicelearning.rubiconef.org/our-efforts/haiti-project/the-education-system-in-haiti/

Frankie Benvenuto
-An Introduction to Haitian Culture for Rehabilitation Service Providers | Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange. (n.d.). Home Page | Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange. Retrieved from http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/culture/monographs/haiti.php#s3
-Multicultural. (n.d.). Broward County Public Schools. Retrieved from http://www.broward.k12.fl.us/esol/Eng/Multicultural/Supplementary.htm
-CROIX-DES-BOUQUETS, Haiti: Haitian schools expand use of Creole language | World | ADN.com. (n.d.). News, sports and weather for Anchorage, AK| Anchorage Daily News & adn.com. Retrieved from http://www.adn.com/2013/02/08/2782337/haitian-schools-expand-use-of.html
-New Haiti classrooms boost school results — About Plan — Plan International. (n.d.). Plan International. Retrieved from http://plan-international.org/about-plan/resources/news/new-haiti-classrooms-boost-school-results/
-School’s out in Haiti – but hopefully not forever - Caritas Internationalis. (n.d.). Caritas Internationalis. Retrieved from http://www.caritas.org/activities/emergencies/SchoolIsOutinHaiti.html
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