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Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing's Friction
Transcript of Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing's Friction
2. Yale University (B.A., 1973) and Stanford University (M.A., 1976; Ph.D., 1984).
3. American Ethnological Society honor: "Senior Book Award" About the Author Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing Methodology Research Methods
Location INDONESIA -The Meratus Mountains, Indonesian province of South Kalimantan, on Borneo Island.
-Meratus Dayaks people
- Indonesia possesses 60 percent of all forested lands in Southeast Asia and third largest forested area in the world
-Rich biological diversity
-Logging Concessions 1970-1980’s
-Problem: since late 1980’s unregulated logging business created a huge ecological problem of Indonesian Deforestation. Indonesian Forests Issues -Forest Landscape: Environmental and Social concerns
-Global connections = Messy encounter
-Ethnography of “Global connection”
is a zone of “Awkward Engagement” A successful, flourishing, or thriving condition, especially in financial respects; good fortune. (Webster) Prosperity Freedom KNOWLEDGE – The clear and certain perception of that which exists, or of truth and fact;
TO KNOW- to perceive with certainty; to understand clearly; to be convinced or satisfied regarding the truth or reality of; to be aware of; Knowledge -Dutch Colony 1800's
- Declared Independence 1950
-New Order 1965
-Pro-democracy movement in late '90's
Ran a spectrum of opposition to the regime
All problems intertwine with issues of landscape destruction and authoritarian rule Political History of Indonesia -In opposition: Anti KODECO alliance made up of 33 local NGOs, nature tourism groups, and many local village leaders.
-In favor of KODECO: federal government, local politicians and a number of village leaders. Korean Development Company (KODECO) -Supported by World Bank among other international development agencies.
-Huge tracks of land flooded
-37 villages displaced
Voices of Opposition.
-Village leaders wanting fair compensation for land
-Student protestors against undemocratic process and corruption
-Transnational NGO in opposition to environmental destruction Kedung Ombo Dam -World's Richest environmental group
-Buys property all over the world in order to conserve environment
-Supports institution of privatization
-Criticized for commodifying indigenous customary property rights Nature Conservancy Personal realms of knowledge are our source for understanding and giving meaning to the world. MEANING If universal constructs such as "hybridization",
"transfiguration", and "globalization" are interacted with and
understood at a local level, what is the use of any of these terms? -Tsing is not only writing about Indonesia Caveat -Categories for understanding diverse information. Tools made through generalization.
-The unconscious desire to avoid 'friction'.
-“It allows transcendence: the general can rise above the particular…. The searcher for universal truths must establish an axiom of unity – whether on spiritual, aesthetic, mathematical , logical, or moral principles.” UNIVERSALS “Gaps develop in the seams of universal projects; they are found where universals have not been successful in setting all the terms. While a transcendent, non-social, global “nature’ has become a powerful thing worldwide, it is not the only kind of nature on the planet. Whenever we want to trace the limits of hegemony, we need to look for gaps. An ethnography of global connection is impossible without this tool.” GAPS CONCLUSION Is it possible that articulating a universal theory of globalization could be cause more harm then good? Is it a worthy process?