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Banan Hussam Adeen

on 2 June 2014

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Transcript of Pregnanc


Changes During Pregnancy that Affect Oral Health
Gum Problems
During pregnancy there is a lot of changes that happened to the oral cavity so it require special dental care.

Changes During Pregnancy that affect Oral Health.
Gum Problems.
Oral Diseases Can Effect Pregnancy.
Prevention: Oral Hygiene.
Stages of pregnancy.
Questions that a dentist may ask.
Prevents complications of dental diseases during pregnancy.
Has the potential to decrease early childhood caries.
May reduce preterm and low birth weight deliveries.
Increased Hormons.
1). Gingival fluid and saliva contain hormones
2). Cause gums to swell, bleed easily, and secrete more fluid
3). Bacteria use hormones for energy to grow and multiply

Increased tooth mobility.
Saliva changes.
Increased bacteria.
Gum problems
Saliva changes:
Decreased buffers.
Decreased minerals.
Decreasing flow first and last trimester.
Increased flow second trimester.
More acidic(Increase in decay-causing bacteria).

Gum Problems
1). Pregnancy Gingivitis :
Red edges.
Swollen or puffy.
Bleed easily during brushing
 Pregnancy Granuloma
the increased response of the gums in the presence of pregnancy hormones can cause irritated gum tissue to grow into a lumpy mass known as a pregnancy granuloma
start growing during the second trimester and are usually found between the teeth.

Pregnancy Granuloma
Improving the Oral Health of a Pregnant Woman
The risk of dental problems in pregnant
women is greater because suffering from:
Morning sickness :
1). Difficulty with hygiene:
Gum disease
Tooth decay
2). Vomiting
Esophogeal Reflux (heartburn).
Acid exposure.
a). Irritation of the gums
b).Weakening of tooth enamel
c).Dental erosion

Treatment for Acid Exposure
Do NOT brush immediately after vomiting.
Rinse :
1).Water with baking soda. 2).Antacid.
3).Plain water.
Eat some cheese.
Ask about fluoride.
Oral Diseases Can Effect Pregnancy
Disease-causing bacteria produce toxins that pass into the bloodstream and cause the body to produce chemicals to try to fight off the disease process. These chemicals are the same ones that can induce contractions.
Preterm, low birth weight (LBW) linked to periodontal disease
Thorough calculus (tartar) removal in pregnant women with periodontitis may reduce
pre-term births.
Prevention: Oral Hygiene
Reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth:
1).Brushing and flossing
2).Antibacterial mouthrinses.

Keep routine dental visits.
Eat well-balanced meals:
- B vitamins, especially folate (folic acid)
-Vitamin C
Snack smart:
- Avoid starchy or high carbohydrate snacks
-Raw fruits and vegetables
-Dairy products

Stages of Pregnancy

1st Trimester (1-12 weeks) : Avoid all elective care but provide care as needed.
2nd Trimester (13-24 weeks): Safest period to provide dental care.
3rd Trimester (25-40 weeks).

Questions that a dentist may ask

Can I take x-rays?
Can I inject local anesthesia ?
What medications can I prescribe?
When should I perform necessary procedures?
Can I use mercury restorations?

Banan Afaneh
Azizah Adwan
Haneen Daqqa
Ibrahim Mottan
Mohammed Fawaqre
Nermin Amli
Yaqeen Sroor
Full transcript