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Transcript of Pregnanc
Changes During Pregnancy that Affect Oral Health
During pregnancy there is a lot of changes that happened to the oral cavity so it require special dental care.
Changes During Pregnancy that affect Oral Health.
Oral Diseases Can Effect Pregnancy.
Prevention: Oral Hygiene.
Stages of pregnancy.
Questions that a dentist may ask.
Prevents complications of dental diseases during pregnancy.
Has the potential to decrease early childhood caries.
May reduce preterm and low birth weight deliveries.
1). Gingival fluid and saliva contain hormones
2). Cause gums to swell, bleed easily, and secrete more fluid
3). Bacteria use hormones for energy to grow and multiply
Increased tooth mobility.
Decreasing flow first and last trimester.
Increased flow second trimester.
More acidic(Increase in decay-causing bacteria).
1). Pregnancy Gingivitis :
Swollen or puffy.
Bleed easily during brushing
the increased response of the gums in the presence of pregnancy hormones can cause irritated gum tissue to grow into a lumpy mass known as a pregnancy granuloma
start growing during the second trimester and are usually found between the teeth.
Improving the Oral Health of a Pregnant Woman
The risk of dental problems in pregnant
women is greater because suffering from:
Morning sickness :
1). Difficulty with hygiene:
Esophogeal Reflux (heartburn).
a). Irritation of the gums
b).Weakening of tooth enamel
Treatment for Acid Exposure
Do NOT brush immediately after vomiting.
1).Water with baking soda. 2).Antacid.
Eat some cheese.
Ask about fluoride.
Oral Diseases Can Effect Pregnancy
Disease-causing bacteria produce toxins that pass into the bloodstream and cause the body to produce chemicals to try to fight off the disease process. These chemicals are the same ones that can induce contractions.
Preterm, low birth weight (LBW) linked to periodontal disease
Thorough calculus (tartar) removal in pregnant women with periodontitis may reduce
Prevention: Oral Hygiene
Reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth:
1).Brushing and flossing
Keep routine dental visits.
Eat well-balanced meals:
- B vitamins, especially folate (folic acid)
- Avoid starchy or high carbohydrate snacks
-Raw fruits and vegetables
Stages of Pregnancy
1st Trimester (1-12 weeks) : Avoid all elective care but provide care as needed.
2nd Trimester (13-24 weeks): Safest period to provide dental care.
3rd Trimester (25-40 weeks).
Questions that a dentist may ask
Can I take x-rays?
Can I inject local anesthesia ?
What medications can I prescribe?
When should I perform necessary procedures?
Can I use mercury restorations?