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Copy of NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

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erica fitts

on 5 January 2017

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Transcript of Copy of NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
Non-Communicable diseases CANNOT be spread from one person to another
Examples include:
cancer
heart disease
Causes:
heredity
behavior
enviroment
CANCER- refers to a group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in the tissues and organs of the body
Q: What is a tumor?






A: It is an abnormal mass of tissue
Types of tumors:
Benign -

not cancerous
Malignant -
cancerous
Metastasize -
break away from a tumor and travel through the circulatory or lymphatic system.

Types of Cancer:
Breast
Reproductive
Colon and rectum
Leukemia
Lung
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Skin
Prevention and Treatment







Rad
iation Therapy
- medical treatment that
uses radiation
to destroy cancer cells within the body.
Chemotherapy
- the use of chemicals to treat cancer
KNOW THE WARNING SIGNS OF CANCER:

C
hange in bowel or bladder habits
A
sore that does not heal
U
nusual bleeding or discharge from the rectum,
bladder, or vagina
T
hickening or lump in the breast or testes
I
ndigestion or difficulty swallowing
O
bvious changes in warts or moles
N
agging cough or hoarseness that lingers for four to
six weeks.
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE







is a group of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Types:
Hypertension
- high blood pressure
Atherosclerosis
- hardening and thickening of the arteries
A Stroke
- broken or blocked blood vessels in the brain
What are five surgeries commonly used if a patient has heart disease?
1. Angioplasty
2. Coronary Artery surgery
3. Defibrillator implantation
4. Pacemaker
5. Heart transplant
Lifestyle changes to limit your chances of C.V. include:

Avoid tobacco
Reduce weight
Avoid alcohol
Follow a low fat low sodium diet
Limit caffeine intake
Participate in exercise
Learn to manage stress

DIABETES -
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin or cannot use insulin.

TWO TYPES




Usually diagnosed in childhood and accounts for 5-10% of diabetes cases.
the body makes litle or no insulin.
Symptoms include, increased thirst and urination, weight loss, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
people with this type of diabetes must receive insulin daily from shots or an insulin pump

usually occurs in adulthood
90-95% of Americans have this type
the body does not respond well to insulin, so the pancreas does not make enough to keep glucose levels normal.
Symptoms include, increased thirst, urination, appetite, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow healing of infection
It may be treated with exercise, improvements in diet, and oral medication.

Alzheimer's
Risks
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