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Copy of NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
Transcript of Copy of NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
Non-Communicable diseases CANNOT be spread from one person to another
CANCER- refers to a group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in the tissues and organs of the body
Q: What is a tumor?
A: It is an abnormal mass of tissue
Types of tumors:
break away from a tumor and travel through the circulatory or lymphatic system.
Types of Cancer:
Colon and rectum
Prevention and Treatment
- medical treatment that
to destroy cancer cells within the body.
- the use of chemicals to treat cancer
KNOW THE WARNING SIGNS OF CANCER:
hange in bowel or bladder habits
sore that does not heal
nusual bleeding or discharge from the rectum,
bladder, or vagina
hickening or lump in the breast or testes
ndigestion or difficulty swallowing
bvious changes in warts or moles
agging cough or hoarseness that lingers for four to
is a group of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
- high blood pressure
- hardening and thickening of the arteries
- broken or blocked blood vessels in the brain
What are five surgeries commonly used if a patient has heart disease?
2. Coronary Artery surgery
3. Defibrillator implantation
5. Heart transplant
Lifestyle changes to limit your chances of C.V. include:
Follow a low fat low sodium diet
Limit caffeine intake
Participate in exercise
Learn to manage stress
a disease in which the body produces little or no insulin or cannot use insulin.
Usually diagnosed in childhood and accounts for 5-10% of diabetes cases.
the body makes litle or no insulin.
Symptoms include, increased thirst and urination, weight loss, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
people with this type of diabetes must receive insulin daily from shots or an insulin pump
usually occurs in adulthood
90-95% of Americans have this type
the body does not respond well to insulin, so the pancreas does not make enough to keep glucose levels normal.
Symptoms include, increased thirst, urination, appetite, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow healing of infection
It may be treated with exercise, improvements in diet, and oral medication.