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Andersonville Prison Prezi

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Andrew Kim

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Andersonville Prison Prezi

Andersonville Prison Georgia "Camp Sumter" In 1863, about two years after the start of the Civil War, the Confederacy decided to construct more prisoner of war camps to accommodate the growing number of captured Union soldiers. Andersonville was chosen as the prison because of its distance from the war's front lines, immunity to Union cavalry raids, and easy access to the railroads. Building the prison in Andersonville was suggested by General Howell Cobb, the former governor of Georgia. During the 14 months in which the prison existed, more than 45,000 Union Solders were imprisoned here although the camp was originally designed for 10,000. Everyday, about 400 more soldiers would be brought in, due to the breakdown of the prisoner exchange between the North and the South. About 13,000 died from diseases, poor sanitation, malnutrition, or being overcrowded. Andersonville Richmond, Virginia Many of the prisoners kept in Richmond, Virginia were moved to Andersonville. This was because the growing prisoner population in Richmond had started to cause a serious drain on the city's food supply. It was also because there were now more battles taking place around Richmond, and the Confederacy wanted to keep prisoners in a more secure location. Inside, about 19 feet from the wall, was the 'Deadline', which was a line in which by crossing it, prisoners would be immediately shot. It kept prisoners back from the wall and was marked with a simple fence. At one point in time, there were more than 33,000 prisoners in the camp. The Confederacy did not provide adequate housing, food, clothing, or medical care to prisoners of Andersonvilles due to its worsening economy, poor transportation system, and the desperate need of the food and supplies for its armies. After fourteen months of living overcrowded along with 33,000 prisoners in a camp originally meant for 10,000, surviving prisoners of Andersonville were moved out into different prison camps in S. Carolina and Georgia. This was because Atlanta fell to Union forces led by General William T. Sherman in the September of 1864, and it had brought Union forces within striking distance of Andersonville. By: Andrew Kim Washington, D.C. After the end of the Civil War, Captain Henry Wirz, the commander of Andersonville, was charged for conspiring to, “impair and injure the health and destroy the lives of Federal prisoners.” as well as, “murder in violation of the laws of war.” Henry Wirz was hanged on November 10, 1865 in Washington, DC. He was the only person executed for war crimes after the Civil War. Thank You For Watching! Andrew Kim
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