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RI 8.9 Differing Opinions

ELA Grade 8 California Common Core Standards

Amie Radabaugh

on 9 February 2017

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Transcript of RI 8.9 Differing Opinions

Differing Opinions
RI 8.9 Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic, and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.
1) Do you and your friends ever have a differing opinion about a movie, a song, or a TV show?

2) Do you ever wonder if your friends are even talking about the same movie because their view on it is so different from yours?
Prior Knowledge Quick Write
People often draw differing, or
, conclusions based upon the same evidence.

Key Terms
Nazi Propaganda
Young Serve the Fuhrer
Officers of Tomorrow
The German Student fights for the Fuhrer and for the Nation
United States Propaganda
British Propaganda
Russian Propaganda
Let's crush the enemy under an avalanche of steel!
Red Army's broom will sweep the enemy out!
Fight German animals! We can and must destroy Hitler's army.
Tone of American Propaganda
The overall tone of the American propaganda is one of support.

The posters encourage all American citizens to get involved, by fighting, buying war bonds, creating arms, and avenging what the Axis Powers were doing to them.

It also prompted parents to protect their children from what may happen to them.
Tone of Nazi Propaganda
The tone of the Nazi propaganda is encouraging.

The Nazi's wanted and needed every person (including men, women, and children) to fight with the German army.

Children were a large target for propaganda. Posters often told children that it was their duty to fight and to stand up for their country. Posters were displayed in schools. Children were required to show allegiance to the Fuhrer(president).

Children were also required to wear outfits that resembled the military uniforms their parents were wearing as members of the army.
British Propaganda
The tone of the British propaganda is humor and encouragement.

The British were largely promoting teamwork in their posters, and reminding citizens that they had been victorious in WWI, and would be again in World War II.
Russian Propaganda
The tone of the Russian propaganda is one of retaliation and brutality.

The Russians do not want to be defeated by the Nazis, and therefore show them as the weaker forces, even calling them animals.
What is propaganda?
Propaganda is the spread of information, ideas, or rumors which can be used to help a cause. It can also be used to harm a person, group, or nation.

Checking for Understanding - Quick Write
1) Which country had the most positive propaganda posters? Give an example.

2) Which country had the most negative propaganda posters? Give an example.

3) Looking at the posters, which country's propaganda would inspire you to join in the war effort? Explain.

Genetically Modified (GM) foods, are foods which at the plant stage, have been modified or changed. The reasons for this include - resistance to pests, diseases, or so that certain crops can grow in a different climate.

You are going to read two articles, one for the use of GM foods, and one against the use of GM foods.

Genetically Modified Foods
Checking for Understanding - GM Foods
1) How does the author interpret facts about genetically modified foods?

2) Summarize the conflicting information in the two accounts.

Article against GM Foods
Article For GM Foods
Guided Practice
Independent Practice
For your independent practice, you are going to read the article titled, "Should There Be an Extra Tax on Soda?", and the two arguments that follow.

Complete the half sheet with 4 questions as your assessment for this lesson.

Analyzing how two authors present the same information will help ensure that you get a more balanced picture of the subject you are learning about.
As a reader, it is your job to compare texts on the same topic carefully to understand how and why authors' interpretations may differ.
Authors are no exception to this. Two authors may disagree about the same facts or offer different
, or explanations, of what they observe.
When is propaganda used?

It is always used during political debates, as we just saw with the 2016 election. It is also largely used wartime to persuade a group of people to rally together and join in a cause.

In the case of World War II, the propaganda was used by many nations for various different reasons.
World War II
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war. It took place between 1939 to 1945. Most of the world’s countries, including all of the great powers, fought as part of two military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.

The war was fought as a “total war”, meaning all resources a country had were used in the war, even those that didn’t belong to the army, such as factories.

It involved more countries, cost more money, and killed more people than any other war in human history. Between 50 and 70 million people died.
1. What is one fact that both authors agree on? Use two direct quote and citation.

2. How does the author of “Are you Eating GM Foods?” interpret the facts about GM Foods?

3. How does the author of “GM Crops Are Superfoods” interpret the facts about GM Foods?

4. What do the two authors disagree on? Explain fully.
GM Foods Questions
Full transcript