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Global Distribution of Military Expenditure
SPIRI - Stockholm International Peach Research Institution
World Military Spending - Where is the Money Going?
The Arms Trade is a Big Business
Weapons in exchange
Globalization of World Trade = Increase in the Trade in Arms
Who Benefits from Arms Sales?
Movie Clip - Lord of War
How does the Economic Crisis Fuel the War?
Case Study: Canada's Spending Patterns OBJECTIVE: Trivia Question: SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public. The Arms Trade
is a Big Business Focus: The social and environmental impacts of military spending prior to and post the financial crisis
Identify: The reasons behind why military spending continues to increase during and after the financial crisis
Through this presentation:
Put to rest many assumptions with regards to military spending
Provide factual unbiased information and research about the arms trade
How the military pumps a country's economy
The result of high expenditure in state defense programs with respect to other social and environmental programs - Case Study: Canada In no particular order, which countries do you believe are the top five countries
that contribute to the world military expenditure? Global Distribution of Military Expenditure 2011: SPIRI - Stockholm International
Peace Research Institute Arms Trade -
Weapons in exchange At a time when a deep economic recession is causing much turbulence in the civilian world defense giants are enjoying a reliable and growing revenue stream
Shareholders and employees in the aerospace and defense industry are clearly the ones who benefit most from growing defense spending.
Defense companies, whose main task is to aid governments’ efforts to defend or acquire territory, routinely highlight their capacity to contribute to economic growth
Indeed, some $2.4 trillion (£1.5tr), or 4.4%, of the global economy “is dependent on violence” - Jorn Madslien, The purchasing power of peace, BBC, June 3, 2009 Military might delivers geopolitical supremacy, but peace delivers economic prosperity and stability.And that, the report insists, is what is good for business. Tanks and Self-propelled Guns:This category includes light,
medium, and heavy tanks; self-propelled artillery; self-propelled assault guns.
Artillery:This category includes field and air defense artillery, mortars, rocket launchers and recoilless rifles — 100 mm and over; FROG launchers — 100mm and over.
Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) and Armored Cars:This category includes personnel carriers, armored and amphibious; armored infantry fighting vehicles; armored reconnaissance and command vehicles.
Major Surface Combatants:This category includes
aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates.
Minor Surface Combatants:
gory includes minesweepers, subchasers, motor
torpedo boats, patrol craft, motor gunboats.
Submarines:This category includes all submarines, including
midget submarines. Continued: Guided Missile Patrol Boats:This category includes all boats in this class.
Supersonic Combat Aircraft:This category includes all fighter and bomber aircraft designed to function operationally at speeds above Mach 1.
Subsonic Combat Aircraft:This category includes all fighter and bomber aircraft designed to function operationally at speeds below Mach 1.
Other Aircraft:This category includes all other fixed-wing aircraft, including trainers, transports, reconnaissance aircraft, and communications/utility aircraft.
Helicopters:This category includes all helicopters, including combat and transport.
Surface-to-air Missiles:This category includes all ground-based air defense missiles.
Surface-to-surface Missiles:This category includes all surface-surface missiles without regard to range, such as Scuds and CSS-2s. It excludes all anti-tank missiles. It also excludes all anti-ship missiles, which are counted in a separate listing.
Anti-ship Missiles:This category includes all missiles in this class such as the Harpoon, Silkworm, Styx and Exocet. The Arms Trade is a BIG Business As World Trade Globalizes, So Does The Trade In Arms The lack of arms controls allows some to profit from the misery of others:
International attention is focused on the need to control weapons of mass destruction, the trade in conventional weapons continues to operate in a legal and moral vacuum.
More and more countries are starting to produce small arms, many with little ability or will to regulate their use
Permanent UN Security Council members—the USA, UK, France, Russia, and China—dominate the world trade in arms
From 1998 to 2005, the USA, the UK, and France earned more income from arms sales to developing countries than they gave in aid. The five permanent members of the UN Security Council—the USA, UK, France, Russia, and China. Together, they are responsible for eighty eight per cent of reported conventional arms exports. So who profits most from this murderous trade? Benefiting Parties of the Arms Trade: From 1998 to 2001, the USA, the UK, and France earned more income from arms sales to developing countries than they gave in aid.
The arms industry is unlike any other. It operates without regulation. It suffers from widespread corruption and bribes. And it makes its profits on the back of machines designed to kill and maim human beings.
“We can’t have it both ways. We can’t be both the world’s leading champion of peace and the world’s leading supplier of arms.” Former US President Jimmy Carter, presidential campaign, 1976 The third world is often the destination for arms sales as the Control Arms Campaign also highlights graphically: World Military Spending -
Military spending is concentrated in North America, Europe, and increasingly, Asia The military expenditure database from SIPRI also shows that while percentage increases over the previous decade may be large for some nations, their overall spending amounts may be varied. Explanation of Economic Crisis - Arms Trade Fueling War A combination of factors explained increased military spending in recent years before the economic crisis as earlier SIPRI reports had also noted, for example:
Foreign policy objectives
Real or perceived threats
Armed conflict and policies to contribute to multilateral peacekeeping operations
Availability of economic resources Even during the past year in the aftermath of the financial crisis and cries of governments cutting back, military spending appears to have been spared. How is that justified? Some nations like China and India have not experienced a downturn, but instead enjoyed economic growth
“Military Keynesianism” - Most developed (and some larger developing) countries have boosted public spending to tackle the recession using large economic stimulus packages.
Geopolitics and strategic interests to project or maintain power
“Natural resource curse” - Natural resources have also driven military spending and arms imports in the developing world. The increase in oil prices means more for oil exporting nations.
While percentage increases over the previous decade may be large for some nations, their overall spending amounts may be varied. The Explanation for Higher Military Expenditure Regardless of Economic Crisis: Lord of War: Case Study Canada: The state of Canada - Government Spending:
International, Immigration and Defense Programs
Industrial, Regional and Scientific-Technological Support Programs
Environment and Resource-based Programs
Security and Public Safety Programs
Transportation Programs Justice and Legal Programs
Parliament and Governor General
Net Non-Budgetary Expenditures Seminar Presentation - World Military Spending Presented by:
Maryam Aslam & Nathan Hawkes Conclusion Category: Firearms manufacturers in Canada Colt Canada
Tobin Arms Conflict:
Iraq & Afghanistan