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Character Development & Good Sporting Behavior

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Kristin Rogers

on 26 April 2014

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Transcript of Character Development & Good Sporting Behavior


There is no one universally accepted definition of sportsmanship
Character & good sporting behavior fall within the general area of morality in sport
Three Components of Morality in Sport
Fair Play
Character
Good Sporting Behavior
Three Components of Morality in Sport
Fair Play requires:
all participants understand and adhere to the formal rules of the game, as well as, to the spirit of cooperation and unwritten rules of play necessary to ensure that a contest is fair
Three Components of Morality in Sport
Character involves four interrelated virtues:
Compassion, fairness, good sporting behavior, and integrity
Three Components of Morality in Sport
Good Sporting Behavior Requires:
Concern and respect for the rules and officials, social conventions, and the opponent, as well as one's full commitment to one's sport and the absence of a negative approach toward participation
Approaches to Developing Good Sporting Behavior
Social Learning Approach
Good sporting behavior and attitudes are learned through models, reinforcement, and social comparison
Approaches to Developing Good Sporting Behavior
Structural-developmental learning:
Moral reasoning and behavior depend on how psychological growth and development change in a child and interact with the environment
Character Development & Good Sporting Behavior
Defining Character & Good Sporting Behavior
An example of unfair play
Now it's time for an
activity...
Approaches to Developing Good Sporting Behavior
Social-Psychological Approach:
To understand morality and character, one must consider the personal elements in the structural-developmental approach plus social factors that go beyond reinforcement, modeling, and social comparison elements of the social learning approach
Components of Social Learning
Modeling or observational learning
Learning by watching what others do (or do not do)
Reinforcement
Being reinforced or penalized for one's actions
Social Comparison
Exhibiting behaviors in an effort to fit in with one's peer or comparison group
Structural-Developmental
Approach
Moral reasoning
The decision process whereby the rightness or wrongness of action is determined
Moral development
The process of experience and growth through which a person develops the capacity to morally reason

Moral behavior
The execution of an act that is deemed right or wrong
Level 1: External control--it's okay as long as I am not caught
Level 2: An eye for an eye orientation
Level 3: The "golden rule" or "altruistic view" -- treat others like you would like to be treated
Level 4: Following external rules and regulations
Level 5: What is best for all involved
Hazing in Sport
Hazing
any activity expected of someone joining a group that humiliates, degrades, abuses, or endangers that person, regardless of a person's willingness to participate

Hazing occurs more often in contact, team, and competitive sports
Hazing in Sport
Hazing may more negatively influence team chemistry than contribute to it

Sport leaders and educators have a moral obligation to stop hazing practices and teach athletes how to team build in positive ways
Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior
Although aggression is linked with immature moral reasoning, the concentration between reasoning and behavior is not perfectly understood
The link between moral reasoning and behavior is not absolute because several moral-action stages must be completed
Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior:
Stages of Moral Action
Interpreting the situation as one that involves some sort of moral action
Deciding on the best course to act morally
Making a choice to act morally
Implementing a moral response
Sport Participation and Delinquency
Participants in organized sports are less likely than non-participants to engage in delinquent behavior
Four explanations for the sport participation and delinquency relationship exist
Explanations of Delinquency and Sport Participation
Differential association
Sport keeps kids off the street because they have less interaction with delinquent others
Social bonding
Children who participate in sport(s) develop attachments with significant others who represent dominant, pro-social values
Explanations of Delinquency and Sport Participation
Labeling hypothesis
Sport participation doesn't teach values; being labeled an athlete leads to special treatment, while being labeled a delinquent leads to negative self-fulfilling prophecy
Economic strain
Sport participation allows youngsters to gain prestige and status and reduces the strain between their dreams of a better life beliefs about attainable goals
Sport Participation and Gang Behavior
Sport participation can serve as a deterrent for gang behavior
increasing self-esteem
providing an important source of identity
lending social support
giving participants positive role models
Sport Participation and Gang Behavior
Sport deters gang behavior only if programs are properly run, organized, and implemented
Strategies for Enhancing Character Development
Strategy 1
Define good sporting behavior in your particular program
Strategy 2
Reinforce and encourage good sporting behavior and penalize and discourage inappropriate sporting behavior
Strategies for Enhancing Character Development
Strategy 3
Model appropriate behaviors
Strategy 4
Explain what behaviors are appropriate
Emphasize why
Emphasize intent of actions
Emphasize role taking
Emphasize empathy
Strategies for Enhancing Character Development
Strategy 5
Discuss moral dilemmas and choices
Strategy 6
Build moral dilemmas and choices into practices and classes
Strategy 7
Teach cooperative learning strategies
Strategies for Enhancing Character Development
Strategy 8
Create a task-oriented motivational climate
Strategy 9
Transfer power from leaders to participants
Now it's time
for an activity...
Guiding Practice in Character Development
Resilience
the ability to bounce back after exposure to severe risk or distress
Resilience is one of the most important life skills in character education
Resilience can be developed through physical activity programs
Attributes that Make up Resilience
Social Competence
The ability to interact socially with others and, by doing so, create strong networks of social support
Autonomy
Resilient youth have a clear sense of who they are, feel they can exert control, and feel they can act independently
Optimism & Hope
Resilient youth have a clear sense of optimism and hope
Kristin Rogers, Joa Escobar, Lori Pelersi, Nick Avery
http://www.wingclips.com/movie-clips/gridiron-gang/mustangs-are-winners
More Unsportsmanlike Conduct...
Another example of unfair play
Now it's time for
an activity....
Full transcript