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CL5 - Present Perfect Tense
Transcript of CL5 - Present Perfect Tense
DATE: SEPTEMBER 2013
CREATED BY: Miguel Angel Esquivel
1. Unspecific time and finished actions
I 've eaten sushi only once and I liked it.
driven a car in her life.
bought anything on the internet?
He's an experienced teacher, he's taught in
American and British universities.
Have you checked your email?
For regular verbs
The past simple form and past participle form is the same.
We add -ed to the verb.
Marc has worked for different companies
Kelly and her sister have started their own business.
Have you ever traveled by plane?
3. Unfinished actions
When an action started in the past and is still in progress, we can use the present perfect tense.
We usually associate this tense with :
two hours, six weeks, 20 years, etc.
last week, January, 2007, I was 5, etc.
If we want to know the period of time an action is taking since it started, we usually use: how long
: to show the period of time
I have had this house for over 10 years but now I have to sell it.
Mary has lived in an apartment for two months and she likes it.
I've thought about this trip for a long time.
: to say when the action started.
Jessica has lived in this city since she got married.
I haven't seen Paul since the last class.
Josh has been the president of the company since 2009.
She's eaten in this restaurant since she was a child
Brazil hasn't won the world cup since 2002.
Let's see another movie, I 've
seen this one.
finished our report.
Lunch? No, thanks, I 've
how long ...?
present perfect + already
to talk about events that happened
some time before now.
already comes between
( have, has )
the past participle of the verb.
Do not use any
Doctors have already discovered cures for many
I have already sent the files and called Mr. Quain.
I 've already given Marc all the documents signed.
Sheyla isn't going to travel to Spain because she's already
been there three times.
A: Have you called Sarah for her birthday?
Mr. Kerry has
cleaned her room
It gives us the idea of something negative.
An event that has not been completed until now.
It's always in negative.
2. For actions that happened
a moment ago
We use the adverb ' just ' to refer to an action that finished a moment ago.
I 'm not hungry, thanks, I 've
eaten a big sandwich
arrived at the airport, let's go to see her.
I 'm sorry, dad is not here, he's
left to a meeting.
past simple = past participle form
others change completely
am, are, is was, were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
choose chose chosen
come came come
do did done
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
go went gone
know knew known
write wrote written
remember this pattern:
For irregular verbs
Take a look at this:
We use present perfect tense in three situations:
1. Unspecific completed actions in the past.
2. Actions that happened a moment ago.
3. Actions that started in the past and continue up to now
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
Paul is my best friend,
I know him since we were
Paul is my best friend,
we were at school
Remember to use it
to talk about experiences
in life, work, trips, etc.
what is it
It is the form of a verb that in English ends in -ed, -en, etc. and is used with the verb have to form perfect tenses .
My friends have traveled to Brazil but I haven't.
Remember not to mention a time expression
( that's for past simple tense )
We can use the number of times that
we have done an action.
( never, once, twice, four times etc )
In questions, it's usually
Have you ever...?
how long have you lived in Lima?
how long have you had your current job?
how long have you known your best friend?