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Social Inequality

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Irina Mkchyan

on 20 July 2014

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Transcript of Social Inequality

Social Inequality:
Gender
Race
Ethnicity

Gender is a socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women
It's an ascribed & a master status
Learned behavior
Gender
Irina Mkchyan

Sex
Sex is a biological role that each of us plays in reproduction
Gender inequality is prevalent in USA
Women are discriminated against in every extent of socioeconomic status
Women experience unequal treatment in areas such as education, occupation, income, military and courts
Gender Inequality
Socialization process by way of:
Family
School
Media and electronic world
Learning occurs through
Solution
Feminist Movements & Organizations
Social inequality is due to dissimilar treatments to minority groups
Ascribed statuses such as race & ethnicity serve as the prime elements
Gender Inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender
It is justified by sexism - belief that one sex is essentially superior than the other, therefore can dominate
Ethnicity
Social inequality refers to the ways in which socially defined categories of people have unequal access to a variety of social goods, such as:
the labor market
income
education
healthcare systems
politics

These categories are according to characteristics such as gender, age, race, ethnicity and class.

Ethnicity is a state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition
Ethnic group is a people who share a common historical and cultural heritage and sense of group identity and belongingness. (Sullivan, 2009)
They share a common language, history and religion
Race is a biological notion to identify people based on their genetic & hereditary traits
Race is a social category because the society makes important distinctions between people
An ideology which distinguishes a minority group inferior based on their characteristics and abilities is known as racism
Racism still exists in Unites States, it being multi-racial and multi-ethnic country
Racism is usually associated with prejudice and discrimination

Discrimination is a behavior of unjust or unequal treatment of people because of their affiliation with a certain group
Prejudice is a preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
It's a prejudgment and illogical attitude towards certain people
Prejudice is a beginning factor for discrimination
There are various types of discrimination prohibited by law
Age
discrimination involves treating someone less favorably because of his age
Disability
discrimination occurs when an employer or other entity treats a qualified individual with a disability unfavorably because she has a disability.
Race/color
discrimination involves treating someone unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or because of skin color complexion
Other types include discrimination against Ethnicity, gender, religion, pregnant
Consequences of Discrimination
Affects life chances due to decline in SES status
Higher rates of illness, injuries and death
Negative self concept and low self esteem
Creates tension and hostile environment which can erupt in destructive violence
Sociology 1
Dr. Harris
8/1/2013
Nellie
Rios
Blum, D. (1997). Sex on the brain: the biological differences between men and women. New York: Viking.

Feagin, J. R., & McKinney, K. D. (2003). The many costs of racism. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Silveti, Bebu (1996). Barroco [Recorded by Raul Di Blassio]. Grandes Exitos [CD]. Miami: RCA (2006)

SentisDigital. "In it Together - Gender Equality." N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Aug. 2013. <http://youtube.com>.

Sullivan, T. J. (2009). Sociology: concepts and applications in a diverse world (8th ed.). New York: Vango Books.

Wood, J. T. (1994). Gendered lives: communication, gender, and culture. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub..
In it Together - Gender Equality
Full transcript