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Behavioral Approaches to Leadership Style
Transcript of Behavioral Approaches to Leadership Style
Leadership Style -The total pattern of explicit and implicit leaders' actions as seen by employees. Leadership Style -Represents a consistent combination of philosophy, skills, traits, and attitudes that are exhibited in a person's behavior. suggests that:
"Leaders often act from their normal state, using learned behaviors that have worked for them in the past as well as emulating styles of others who have been successful." Professor Bob Quinn Fundamental State of Leadership This involves moving from being: Comfort-centered to results-centered
Externally directed to internally directed
Self-focused to other-focused
Internally closed to externally open Positive Leadership Positive and Negative
Leaders The approach emphasizes rewards -- economic or otherwise.
Better employee education, greater demands for independence, and other factors have made satisfactory employee motivation more dependent. Negative Leadership The emphasis is placed on threats, fear, harshness, and penalties.
Leaders act domineering and superior with people.
Bosses more than leaders. Relation to one's model of organizational behavior: 1. Autocratic - Negative
2. Custodial - Somewhat positive
3. Supportive - Positive
4. Collegial - Positive
5. System - Positive Autocratic Leaders Autocratic, Consultative and Participative
Leaders - Centralize power and decision making themselves.
- They structure the complete work situation for their employees.
- Leaders take full authority and assume full responsibility. Consultative Leaders - Approach one or more employees and ask them for inputs prior to making a decision.
-Leaders may choose to use or ignore the info and advice received. Participative Leaders -Clearly decentralize authority.
-They use inputs from followers and participation by them.
- The leader and group are acting as a social unit.
Considerate/Employee-Oriented Leaders Leader Use of
Consideration and Structure are concerned about the human needs of their employees. Structured/Task-Oriented Leaders believe that they get results by keeping people constantly busy. A tool for identifying a manager's own style. Blake and Mouton's Managerial Grid