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Type 1 Diabetes

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Daniel Castillo

on 26 October 2017

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Transcript of Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose which is a form of sugar. Glucose backs up in the bloodstream and causes one’s blood glucose to rise too high. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. Without insulin to move glucose into cells, blood glucose levels become excessively high, a condition known as hyperglycemia. This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can occur at any age. Weakness, weight loss, frequent urination, and excessive hunger and thirst are among the initial symptoms.
What is Diabetes type 1?
What to Expect Guide:Type 1 Diabetes
Exercise makes it easier to control your blood glucose (blood sugar) level. Exercise benefits people with type 1 because it increases your insulin sensitivity. In other words, after exercise, your body doesn't need as much insulin to process carbohydrates. If your child has type 1 diabetes, making sure he or she gets enough exercise is not only a great way to help manage his or her diabetes but also instill healthy habits from an early age. Staying fit and active throughout your life has many benefits, but the biggest one for people with diabetes is this: it helps you control diabetes and prevent long-term complications.
Recommendation of Exercise
Without a proper diet, a person with type 1 diabetes can suffer health complications. Such as: nerve damage, kidney damage, vision problems, high blood pressure(risk of heart attack, stroke, and poor circulation), and skin infections(cause pain and dead tissue). A nutritionist or dietitian can help come up with a meal plan, but there isn't really a standard diet for diabetes. Cutting down unnecessary sodium, sugar, fat, and carbohydrates is important for type 1 diabetics.
Carbohydrate intake is important to control. Fruits are natural carbohydrates that are good to use in a diet plan(citrus fruits are best to consume). Vegetables are carbohydrates as well; moderate intake of starchy ones. Non-starchy veggies are recommended(tomatoes, carrots, cucumbers,etc). A 50% of whole grains is recommended(brown rice, whole grain bread, etc). Healthy fats are necessary, such as avocados, nuts, and seeds. Limit processed or fatty meat intake.
Food Intake
The best benefit of dieting is preventing the risk of going from type 1 diabetes to getting type 2. You also benefit in have a healthy daily routine.
Diet for Type 1 Diabetics
Sugar Monitoring:
Continuous glucose monitors also known as CGMs can be a lifesaving device for people with any type of diabetes. They continually check your blood sugar 24 hours a day and alert you you before you begin experiencing low or high blood sugar levels. They can reduce the number of times you have to check your blood sugar each day.

What does it do?

A continuous glucose monitoring system is a system that does just what it sounds like, it monitors your glucose (blood sugar) continuously, every 5 minutes, 24 hours a day. You are able to see what your blood sugars are with a receiver; the data is transmitted from a sensor which is inserted right beneath your skin. That same sensor is attached to a transmitter that sends the data to the receiver. The basic way any continuous glucose monitoring system works is you will insert a tiny sensor under the skin of your abdomen that can be worn up to 7 days. This sensor will be reading glucose levels in something called the interstitial fluid below your skin’s surface. The sensor is attached to a transmitter taped to your abdomen. This transmitter sends the glucose level data wirelessly to your pump or transmitter.
The sensor will be sensing and sending your blood glucose levels continuously to your pump. This means that at any given time during the day or night, you can look at your device and see how your blood glucose level is trending. You can also see how quickly your blood sugar level is changing; if it is dropping very fast, you would see 2 down arrows, if it is rising very fast, you would see 2 up arrows. Every company also has alerts you will set up in your device as to when you want to be notified of a high blood sugar and a low blood sugar.

Lower blood pressure
Better control of weight
Leaner, stronger muscles
Stronger bones
More energy
Benefits Of Daily Exercise
Why is Sugar Monitoring important?
The purpose of any of the continuous glucose monitoring systems is to provide you with real time data, showing you what your current blood glucose is and how it is trending. In other words, is it dropping very quickly? It is rising very quickly? You will know right away by alarms that are set on your device. The alarms will also serve to warn you if your blood glucose reaches a certain low point and high point. You will work with your physician and your Trainer or Certified Diabetes Educator to determine what levels your alarms should be set at. The purpose to setting these alarms are to prevent the high and low blood sugars that are causing damage to your body and let’s face it, we know can be life threatening.
Bio-Medical Professional
Some biomedical professionals can also be linked to diabetes! Doctors are not the only professionals that treat and diagnose diabetes; nutritionists, ophthalmologist, and certified diabetic educators also can treat help and diagnose diabetes.

For more information visit: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/blood-glucose-monitoring-when-to-check-and-why/




A nutritionist is a biomedical personnel that advises their clients on what to eat for a healthy lifestyle. They provide medical nutrition therapy. Nutritionist are important for those with diabetes. diabetics take guidance from them, on healthy eating; meal plans. They explain nutrition(what good outcomes from it), accommodate health needs and diet, develop the meal plans with client(effects of it), and promote a healthy lifestyle(good eating habits that will help prevent health complications,or further more).
Certified Diabetes Educator
A Certified Diabetes Educator is a health professional who possesses comprehensive knowledge of and experience in diabetes management, pre-diabetes, and diabetes prevention. They educate patients on the necessary lifestyle changes involved in a diabetes diagnosis, including nutrition, medication, physical activity and glucose testing. Collects patient data to monitor health status and proactively manage the patient's condition.
Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat diseases of the eye, including different kinds of infections, cataracts (clouding of the lenses), glaucoma (increased pressure inside the eye, leading to damage to the optic nerve), macular degeneration (age-related degeneration of the central part of the vision), and diabetic retinopathy (damage to the blood vessels supplying the retina of the eye). Often, ophthalmologists can detect systemic diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke, and cancer through examination of the eyes. In fact, it is sometimes the ophthalmologist who first discovers that a person has diabetes through changes in the retina.

“Everyday there are highs and lows, multiple injections or a constant drip of an insulin pump. Everyday there are health issues to deal with. Everyday this disease has to be managed. It can not be controlled it may be silent to you but type 1 diabetics fight everyday and all you usually see is their smile. If you know one, you know a hero.”

Trying to manage diabetes is hard because if you don't, there are consequences you'll have to deal with later in life"
-Brian Adams




Period 2
Anely Hernandez
Destiny Moreno
Daniel Castillo
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