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AMS voting system

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Andy Gibb

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of AMS voting system

The Effects of AMS on... Participation Additional Member System
(AMS) Hybrid
Systems Representation Leads to greater representation of ethnic minorities and women
Does this by increasing representation of smaller third parties who are are more likely to put forward women/ethnic minorities
For Example - Independent MSP Margo MacDonald was elected in Lothian region
Also the two vote system means parties are more likely to put forward minorities/women in the second vote
For Example - Bashir Ahmad was elected in Glasgow for SNP through the party list vote in 2007 Effective Government How It Works AMS is a mix between FPTP and PR List
Voters usually have two votes e.g. the 2011 Scottish Parliament Election
They vote on a constituent candidate (by FPTP) and a regional candidate (by PR List) Constituency Link/Accountability Where It's Used 1.The Scottish Parliament
2. The National Assembly for Wales
3.The London Assembly
4. Hungarian National Assembly
5.Bolivian Chamber of Deputies Constituency link is retained
If voters don't like one local constituent they can go to another
This also means if they didn't vote for one they have 7 regional representatives to also represent them
Voters can vote out weak, unpopular representatives
For Example - in 2011 voters punished Lib Dems and voted in SNP However... There is confusion as to which representative to go to There can also be conflicting opinions between representatives views
For Example - the SNP constituency MSP may not agree with a Labour List MSP who are also elected in their area Usually leads to a minority or coalition government as it is designed to do
This is one of the reasons it was selected for the Scottish Parliamentary elections
For Example - From 1999 when it was implemented to 2011 all but one election resulted in a minority or coalition government However... AMS doesn't always lead to a minority/coalition as it was intended
For Example - The 2011 election lead to SNP getting a majority of the seats under AMS
It also increases the number of seats for smaller parties which decreases the chance of a two party system
This means there may not always be an effective opposition However... It has less turnout than FPTP in the UK general election
It can be confusing so could disenfranchise some voters who don't understand it
This also leads to many wasted votes
For Example - in 2007 there was 150,000 wasted votes in the Scottish election which was much higher then the UK general election AMS has a roughly 50% voter turnout in Scotland
Tactical voting is possible, whereas it isn't under STV so it gives voters more power
Multiple votes means voters feel more represented so higher turnout is achieved However... The name of candidate doesn't have to appear on the party list so can lead to other parties abusing this system by not saying if it's a man or women or ethnic minority running
For Example - SNP labeled their party list description as 'Alex Salmond for First Minister' 2011 2007 Proportionality Due to AMS being a PR system it means it has much closer representation of votes to seats than other majoritarian systems like FPTP
The additional member allows third parties a chance to get a percentage of seats closer to their percentage of votes
It prevents a two party system forming which reduces the fairness of the proportion of votes to seats However... It is not a pure PR system so is not completely proportional
As it has a FPTP aspect it prevents a completely proportional system from happening
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