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Site Analysis and Research
Transcript of Site Analysis and Research
Site Analysis and Research
Diagramming project needs, issues and requirements
Things to Consider as a Designer
Issues to be Addressed
views to and
access to site
context (surrounding buildings, trees, landscaping)
The Site as an Active Network
Not a passive scenario but rather an active network with intertwined complex relationships
Can be done without ever visiting the site.
Focuses on gathering information from pre-existing sources.
Ownership of boundaries
Local Authority requirements
Current and past uses of the site
Rights of way
Local amenities and services
Step 1 – Desk Top Study
VIEWS TO AND FROM SITE
ACCESS TO SITE
Step 2 – Walk Over Study
As the name suggests, this must be done while on site. Focuses on gathering information about the surface of the site or what can be seen from the site.
The site visit is also a good opportunity to check the accuracy of any information gathered in the desk top study.
Nature and condition of boundaries and any existing structures on the site.
Details of existing or likely access
Condition of any ground features
Surface signs of contamination or refuse
Slope or contours on a site, or any holes
Details of trees and other planting
Site illumination or overshadowing (both day and night)
Flooding (direction of water flow in adjacent waterways)
Condition and use of surrounding roads and highways (construction and in use phase)
Overhead and adjacent obstructions
Depth of topsoil
Positions of existing services
A good opportunity to take extensive photographs of the site
EXISTING TREES, AND LOCAL VEGETATION
Are there any existing trees which fall under the tree protection act?
Incorporate existing vegetation, especially mature trees, into your design.
Is there vegetation that is significant to your local provenance providing bio habitat to local species.
Can your landscaping enhance local plant species bio habitat
Check with your local utilities company to locate water, sewer and power lines.
Check with main utilities providers, such as National Grid, Severn Trent, BSkyB Telecommunications Services, Network Rail
This data can easily be obtained by obtaining an utilities provider survey via OS map services providers
Step 3 – Sub Soil Survey
Generally carried out by a contractor (sometimes a specialist). Focuses on gathering information about the top and subsoil directly below the site.
Any rock or void pockets
Make up of fill ground
Hand Augers – up to 200mm
Trail Pits – 4 – 5 m deep
Light Percussion Borer – up to 60m
Mechanical Continuous Flight Auger – up to 60m
Prevailing South-Westerly wind direction through the year