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Site Analysis and Research

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by

erika parn

on 13 October 2015

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Transcript of Site Analysis and Research

DESK STUDY
Site Analysis and Research
Diagramming project needs, issues and requirements
Things to Consider as a Designer

Issues to be Addressed
site location
size
topography
shape
contours
climate
views to and
from site



drainage patterns
utilities
access to site
accessibility
context (surrounding buildings, trees, landscaping)
surrounding traffic
Internal responsibilities
(functions)
External environment
(context)
The Site as an Active Network
Not a passive scenario but rather an active network with intertwined complex relationships


Consequence Triangle

Building
User
Context


Can be done without ever visiting the site.
Focuses on gathering information from pre-existing sources.

Address
Ownership of boundaries
Roads
Local Authority requirements
Current and past uses of the site
Covenants
Rights of way
Local amenities and services
Weather patterns
Site security










Step 1 – Desk Top Study
ENVIRONMENT
SITE LOCATION

CLIMATE
TOPOGRAPHY
SIZE
CONTOURS
SHAPE
DESIGN
VIEWS TO AND FROM SITE
ACCESSIBILITY
CONTEXT
ACCESS TO SITE
NETWORK
TRAFFIC
SURROUNDING BUILDINGS
TREES
UTILITIES
DRAINAGE PATTERNS
SOLAR ORIENTATION
PREVAILING WIND
Step 2 – Walk Over Study

As the name suggests, this must be done while on site. Focuses on gathering information about the surface of the site or what can be seen from the site.

The site visit is also a good opportunity to check the accuracy of any information gathered in the desk top study.

Nature and condition of boundaries and any existing structures on the site.
Details of existing or likely access
Condition of any ground features
Surface signs of contamination or refuse
Slope or contours on a site, or any holes
Details of trees and other planting
Site illumination or overshadowing (both day and night)
Flooding (direction of water flow in adjacent waterways)
Condition and use of surrounding roads and highways (construction and in use phase)
Overhead and adjacent obstructions
Depth of topsoil
Positions of existing services

A good opportunity to take extensive photographs of the site

VEGETATION
EXISTING TREES, AND LOCAL VEGETATION
Are there any existing trees which fall under the tree protection act?

Incorporate existing vegetation, especially mature trees, into your design.

Is there vegetation that is significant to your local provenance providing bio habitat to local species.

Can your landscaping enhance local plant species bio habitat
SURVEY EXISTING
UTILITIES PROVIDERS
Check with your local utilities company to locate water, sewer and power lines.
Check with main utilities providers, such as National Grid, Severn Trent, BSkyB Telecommunications Services, Network Rail

This data can easily be obtained by obtaining an utilities provider survey via OS map services providers
Step 3 – Sub Soil Survey

Generally carried out by a contractor (sometimes a specialist). Focuses on gathering information about the top and subsoil directly below the site.

Soil type
Water table
Any rock or void pockets
Contamination
Make up of fill ground

Hand Augers – up to 200mm
Trail Pits – 4 – 5 m deep
Light Percussion Borer – up to 60m
Mechanical Continuous Flight Auger – up to 60m

Prevailing South-Westerly wind direction through the year
Full transcript