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Herbert A Simon: Father of Artificial Intelligence

Herber Simon, Bounded Rationality, and Artificial Intelligence
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Silver Barns

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of Herbert A Simon: Father of Artificial Intelligence

Decision Making & Artificial Intelligence Herbert A Simon 1916 2001 Herbert A Simon was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on June 15, 1916 to a German Electrical Engineer father and a Pianist mother. In 1936, Herbert Simon graduated from the University of Chicago with a BA in political science. As an undergraduate, Simon conducted a study of the administration of the Milwaukee Recreation Department. This sparked Simon's interest in how administrators and people make decisions. His studies lead to the beginning of bounded rationality. University of
Chicago Simon was the Professor of political science from 1942-49 and Simon was attributed with the creation of behavioral economics. His 1947 book, Administrative Behavior, was a major development in the understanding of organizational decision-making processes. Much of modern business economics and administrative research is based on his groundbreaking, interdisciplinary work. 1942 1955
Allen Newell, Herbert Simon, and J. C. Shaw created the “Logic Theorist,” the first thinking machine at Carnegie Tech. This lead to the beginning of Artificial Intelligence. These men are known as the Fathers of Artificial Intelligence. Simon held research and faculty positions at Carnegie Mellon University which began in 1949. Simon had important roles in the formation of several of its departments and schools, including the Graduate School of Industrial Administration, the School of Computer Science and the College of Humanities and Social Sciences’ Psychology Department, where he was instrumental in the development of its internationally renowned cognitive science group. Herbert Simon passed away on February 10, 2001, after suffering complications from a caner removal surgery. He will always be remember as a great man, from his studies to his words. Herbert was advanced in high school and enrolled in college at the age of 17. Bounded Rationality 1937, Simon married Dorthea Pye, a fellow political science grad student. Together they had 3 children Katherin, Peter, and Barbara. After Graduation, Simon became the assistant editor to the "Municipal Yearbook" under Clarence Ridley at the International City Managers Association. It was at this time that Simon first got to use a computer which led to future ideas for him. 1939 Simon moved to Berkeley, California. There he earned his Ph.d at the University of California. While in California he did a 3 year study on the local governments and their funding, which lead to the start of his first book which would soon be published. 1936 1949 Awards •Simon received major national awards for Computing Machinery, the American Political Science Association, the Academy of Management, the Operations Research Society and the Institute of Management Science. Simon's Famous Quotes •In 1969, Simon received Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association for his excellence in cognitive psychology. •He got the honored A.M. Turing Award for his work in computer science in 1975. •He earned the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for the year 1978. •Received National Medal of Science was given to him in 1986. •In the year 1993, he received the American Psychological Association Award for Outstanding Lifetime Contributions to Psychology. •He is known to be one of the only 14 scientists to be received into the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1994. •The International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence (the Award for Research Excellence) and the American Society of Public Administration (the Dwight Waldo Award) awarded two honors to Simon in 1995. He also was in the Automation Hall of Fame for his work in the artificial intelligence field.
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