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The Amazon rain forest

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cristian medrano

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of The Amazon rain forest

The water cycle in the Amazon is a critical component to the environment in the rainforest and in other parts of the world. This occurs through transpiration. Transpiration is the process in which plants release water from their leaves while the photosynthesis process is taking place. The moisture works by making rain clouds, which releases the water back into the rainforest. In the Amazon, 50-80 percent of its moisture stays in the ecosystem's water cycle. When forests are destroyed, it reduces the amount of moisture going into the atmosphere and decreases rainfall. This also leads to droughts. In recent years, the Borneo and Amazon rivers have had severe droughts. This has been made even worse by deforestation. Moisture made by rainforests travels around the world. Scientists say moisture from the Congo forests affects Midwest America. The Amazon moisture reaches as far as Texas. Therefore, rainforests are essential to the worlds climate and ecosystem. The Amazon Rain Forest - The Amazon rainforest is the biggest tropical rainforest on earth, covering over 1.4 billion square acres.
- The following countries in the Amazon rainforest are French Guiana, Suriname, Bolivia, Guyana , Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil.
- The Amazon rainforest holds 10% of worlds known species.
- The Amazon holds 20% of known bird species.
- The jaguar, cougar, and anaconda are some of the dangerous animals that live in the Amazon. Amazon Facts Abiotic factors Basilisk lizard (Jesus lizard) anaconda Jaguar Food Chain Get Eaten by.... Gets Eaten by.... Gets Eaten by... Deforestation

-Deforestation affects food chain and nutrient network which can cause extinction or relocation of the organisms. If the organism is able to relocate, it puts pressure on the new location by using up resources.

-"However, as deforestation continues to damage this ecosystem and disrupt the natural balance that has presided over it, the effects can indeed be far reaching; damage to the Amazonian rainforest causes not only local disturbance, but also allows global consequences."

-"Even if the organisms are able to adapt to their new territory, they now place an unbalancing pressure on the region."

-"In addition to the noticeable displacement of native species, deforestation and its negative effects on biodiversity lead to other problems, one of which is the regeneration rate of the forest."
What that mean is that the forest takes longer to repair itself. By Cristian and Paddy Water Cycle in the Amazon Organisms interaction An Anaconda's niche is to keep the medium size animal population level. Food Web Biotic Factors Dragon Fly The Anaconda population are normally in rivers, streams, or swamps. Symbiotic Factors An example of mutualism (one benifits and the other also benefits too)in the Amazon Rainforest is the Agouti rodent eating from the brazilian nut tree. While the the agouti rodent eats the nuts he sometimes drops the nuts around the forest giving the Agouti food and the next generation of brazilian net trees. The Anacondas, Basilisk lizards (Jesus lizards), and piranhas live in the Amazon River like a community. Bamboo in the rainforest Rubber tree wasp bee Basilisk lizard (Jesus lizard) cassava Bromeliads avacado An example of competition in the amazon rainforest is when the anaconda compete with other anacondas to mate with a female during April and May. An example of parasitism (when one benefits and the other is harmed) is when the leaf cutter ant parasitic fly places its eggs on the back of the leaf cutter ant targeting porters who are taking leaves. the larvae burrow into the ant's body after hatching and feed on it, then killing it. orchids humming bird sloth opossum shrubs vines banana tree bacteria fungi A biotic factor is an organism that is living. rocks the sun clouds soil bones of a dead animal temperature air oxygen minerals climate The End Commensalism (One benefits and the other is not affected)

1.Antbirds travel with army ants, eating the small vertebrates and insects which are flushed out by the advancing army. The ants still get plenty to eat and the birds never eat the army ants themselves, but the birds do no good for the ants, either.

2.Flower mites which feed on pollen hitchhike from one flower to a fresher one by climbing into the nasal passages of hummingbirds and disembarking when carried to a better flower.

Although there isn't many cooperation in the amazon rainforest many animals share food and shelter. An abiotic factor is a nonliving thing dragonfly jaguer anaconda
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