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Chapter 2 Section 2 Fertile Crescent Empires

Mesopotamia
by

Jessica McMullen

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 2 Section 2 Fertile Crescent Empires

Chaldeans built on Babylon's knowledge of math
charted the stars = astronomers
measured length of a year
raised honey bees
Ch 2 Sec 2
Fertile Crescent Empires
The Babylonian Empire
Advances in Learning
geography of A. was open land - easy to invade
skilled warriors
decided to attack others = empire spread
The Empire of the Assyrians
Controlled the entire Fertile Crescent
Babylonia Rises Again
Hammurabi - 1787 BC ruler of B. Empire
Babylon - capital
Empire had roads; why?
Used caravans
shopped in bazaars
destroyed in 1500s BC
Assyria's Contributions
battering ram
slings
archers w/helmets and armor
charioteers
Assyrians, continued...
Capital - Nineveh
city of great learning
huge library - 1000s of clay tablets
Assyria Overthrown
had many enemies
two groups joined together to conquer Assyria
Medes
Chaldeans
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon
rebuilt Babylon; huge walls
gigantic palace w/colored tiles
beautiful gardens on terraces for wife
"Hanging Gardens of Babylon"
Conquered
fell to the Persians
Cyrus the Great
spared the city
The Persian Empire
East of Meso.; mountains, valleys & deserts = IRAN
conquered Babylon - 539 BC
largest empire in the Fret. Cres.
from Greece to India
A Rich and Tolerant Culture
religion = Zoroastrianism
used bureaucracy
built roads = trading
tolerated different cultures - Jews
Lasting Influence
spread ideas
religion, bureaucracy, science
Full transcript