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HUMANISTIC APPROACH TO LEARNING

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Nazlınur Kemaloğlu

on 17 December 2014

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Transcript of HUMANISTIC APPROACH TO LEARNING

HUMANISTIC APPROACH TO LEARNING
Behavioral Approach Cognitive Approach
Students' attitudes towards the subject and the school influences the amount of the quality of learning.
Traditional Grades Pass-fail Grading

Student's own performance should be evaluated against him/her.
Teachers' Role
Sensitive to students' needs
Good communication skills
Classroom Management
Talking to students instead of punishment or over use of reinforcement

Communication is an effective form of reinforcement

In dealing with misbehaviors:


Direct critism to personality


Emotions and feelings in learning.
Affective nature of education
Competitive Learning Cooperative Learning
Destroys
self-confidence
Improves interpersonal
relationships
Students' Role
Responsible for their own learning
An active role in their own learning
Schools
To promote self-learning
Direct critism to behavior
ABRAHAM MASLOW
Father of Humanistic Psychology

Individuals control much of their own behavior.

Known for establishing the theory of a hierarchy of needs.


QUESTION ???
What are the characteristics of self-actualized person?


Views the world as it is.

Accepts oneself' s both weakness & strengths.

Spontaneous, simple, and natural.
Problem-centered rather than ego-centered.

Feels empathy and affection for all human being.

Creative.
"Anyone who had a baby couldn't be a Behaviorist."

Abraham Maslow
Carl Rogers
The idea of learner-centered education.

Teachers should establish three conditions

Genuineness
Unconditional
positive regard
Empathy

Teacher-student relationship requires :
Opennes / Transparency

Caring

Interdependence

Separateness

Mutual Needs Meeting
The use of
I-messages
I-messages are effective because:

Students realize that the teacher is a real person,
It prevents the teacher from attacking students personally,
It prevents the defensive acts of students.
William Purkey
How they perceive themselves and teachers
How students behave in school
Invitational Learning
Reaching each student
Listening with care
Being real with students
Being real with themselves
Inviting good discipline
Handling rejection with care
Thinking positively about themselves

Arthur Combs
"Perception"
Basic purpose of the Teaching
Positive Self - Concept
Good Teacher
Different Methods
well- informed
Sensitive
Self-concept
Believe
A self-actualized person...
William Purkey
Thomas Gordon
Teacher Effectiveness Training (T.E.T.)
4 steps of instructional process:

Structure
Involvement
Process
Application
Thank You !
Invitational Learning
Key assumptions
Respect

Trust
Optimism
Intentionality
Altınay Özen
Ceren Kara
Elif Özkan
Merve Köseler
Nazlınur Kemaloğlu
Seven skills of invitational teachers:
Reaching each student
Listening with care
Being real with students
Being real with themselves
Inviting good discipline
Handling rejection with care
Thinking positively about themselves
Full transcript