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The Aeneid

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Molly Toups

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of The Aeneid

The Aeneid
Elizabeth Rumfola, Tessa Thomas, Molly Toups, Anna Clare Viso
Epic Conventions
Invocation of the Muse
“I sing of arms and the man,
he who, exiled by fate
,/first came from the coast of Troy to Italy, and to/Lavinian shores – hurled about endlessly by land and sea,/by the will of the gods, by cruel Juno’s remorseless anger.../
, tell me the cause: how was she offended in her divinity,/how was she grieved, the Queen of Heaven, to drive a man,/noted for virtue, to endure such dangers, to face so many/trials? Can there be such anger in the minds of the gods?” (1.1-11)
Epic Similes
Neptune calming the storm vs. a man calming a mob:
“When rioting breaks out in a great city/And the rampaging rabble goes so far/That stones fly, and incendiary brands-/For anger can supply that kind of weapon-/If it so happens that they look round and see/Some dedicated public man, a veteran/Whose record gives him weight, they quiet down,/Willing to stop and listen./Then he prevails in speech over their fury/By his authority, and placates them." (1.201-210)
Aeneas & Turnus' battle vs. two bulls fighting:
“When two bulls lower heads and horns and charge/In deadly combat.../In sheets of blood, and the whole woodland bellows./ Just so Trojan Aeneas and the hero/Son of Daunus, battering shield on shield,/Fought with a din that filled the air of heaven.” (XII.972–982)

In Media Res
Aeneas is already under way in his sea voyage.
...But when he arrives in Carthage, Dido asks him to recount events that occurred at the end of the Trojan War.
Stated Theme
Dactylic hexameter
Six feet that each consist of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
Dutiful Aeneas
Extended Speech
“‘Come, I will now explain what glory will pursue the children/of Dardanus, what descendants await you of the Italian race,/illustrious spirits to march onwards in our name, and I will teach/you your destiny. See that boy, who leans on a headless spear,/he is fated to hold a place nearest the light…..........’” (VI.777-807)
Book 6: Part of the speech that Anchises delivers to Aeneas in the underworld, as he unfolds for his son the destiny of Rome.

Fate Cannot be Overturned
(Reiterates Virgil's purpose of glorifying the Roman Empire)
Ancient Mediterranean
Troy(in flashback)

Hero and Quest
Hero = Aeneas
Quest = must get to Italy because fate of the Trojans is to found the new civilization
Works Cited
Application of Joseph Campbell's Monomyth
Call to Adventure
Supernatural Aid
Crossing the First Threshold
Historical Background
Virgil (70-19 BC)
Rural upbringing
Educated by Greek and Roman authors
Modeled his work after Homer's
Writings allowed him to rise to the elite
Rome at the Time
Roman ethics at the time: service to the state and filial piety over personal fame
Rome in Crisis:
Nobles were fighting for power
Julius Caesar began a series of civil wars
Augustus as ruler:
Return to monarchy
Particularly in Book X:

Grim Abas
was with him: whose ranks were all splendidly/armoured, his ship aglow with a gilded figure of Apollo./
, the mother-city, had given him six hundred/of her offspring, all expert in war, and the island of Ilva, rich/with the Chalybes’ inexhaustible mines, three hundred./
was third, that interpreter of gods and men,/to whom the entrails of beasts were an open book, the stars/in the sky, the tongues of birds, the prophetic bolts of lightning.../
ordered them to obey…....” (X. 163-214)
Road of Trials
Meeting with the Goddess
Atonement with the Father
The Ultimate Boon
Crossing of the Return Threshold
Master of Two Worlds
Book Rags. “The Aeneid Objects/Places.” BookRags,Inc., 2000-2009. Web. 29 September 2013.
Cooper, John H. hanginwithmrcooper.“Invocation of the Muse in the Aeneid:
Virgil.” Word Press, 28 September 2011. Web. 26 September 2013.
Cox, John. Introduction to Virgil, The Aeneid. n.p., n.d. Web. 29 September 2013.
Cummings, Michael J. Cummings Study Guide. “The Aeneid.” 2003. Web. 26 September 2013.
Learning Together. “What is an epic simile and how does Virgil use that in the Aeneid?” Word Press, 15 September 2011. Web. 25 September 2013.
Mitchell, Stephen. “The Aeneid.” 1999-2000. Web. 30 September, 2013.
The Aeneid, Books 1-2. Miscellanies. n.p, n.d. Web. 27 September 2013.
Roman Culture and The Aeneid. n.p., n.d. Web. 29 September 2013.
Thomas, Christine. “The Aeneid”. Religion and Western Civilization: Ancient. 2003. Web. 29 September 2013.
“To Understand Virgil.” The Aeneid. n.p., n.d. Web. 29 September 2013.
“Virgil”. The Roman Empire in the First Century. Devillier Donegan Enterprises, 2006. Web. 29 September 2013.
"The Aeneid Summary." Shmoop. Shmoop University . Web. 29 Sept 2013.

Epic Summary
Aeneas's mother, Venus
Jupiter (via Mercury)
Aeneas sets out from Troy.
Troy is in ashes.
Jupiter wants the Trojans to found a new city (Rome).
Juno hates the Trojans.
Sends a storm
The Trojans take refuge in Carthage.
Venus introduces Aeneas to Dido (queen of Carthage) and makes her fall in love with him.
Aeneas is tempted to stay with Dido in Carthage, even though Jupiter wants him to build Rome.
Aeneas travels to the Underworld after reaching Sicily and talks with his dead father.
Aeneas fights to have Lavinia (princess of the Latins) as a wife.
This is key to founding Rome.
Aeneas wins the kingdom of Sicily and Lavinia after killing Turnus, becoming king of the Latins.
Since Aeneas is now king of the Latins, Rome can be built from his descendants.
Full transcript