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Chapter 7: Competing Visions of the Virtuous Republic, 1770-
Transcript of Chapter 7: Competing Visions of the Virtuous Republic, 1770-
Next 4 Questions (Ms. Folkes)
Last 4 Questions (Ms.Harris)
In Chapter 7, it conveys how Americans fought and toiled to mold an independent nation. It covers all the rights, financial conundrums, revolts and rebellions from this era.
In this presentation, my group and I will give our views and opinions on the topics of the chapter and provide multimedia aspects to expand the information of the chapter.
First 4 Questions (Mr. Farris)
5.) What gains did nationalists expect from a stronger central government?
7.) What major compromises did the framers make in writing the new Constitution?
They proposed a two- house legislature to satisfy both sides, with proportional representation in the lower house (the House of Representatives) and equal representation in the upper house (the Senate).
4.)What problems faced the Confederation?
They had to face the long home front war, they had to deal with the recovery of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. They also faced the civil war, and they finally had to deal with the postwar depression.
1.) What type of Legislature did the states create?
The first legislature is unicameral legislature which Pennsylvania produced as the most democratic answer to the situation. This one house legislature elected assembly, and eliminated the executive office. The second one was the bicameral or two house legislature. This was created when Maryland and other countries divided powers.
2.) What were the major elements of the Articles of Confederation?
The major elements of the articles of confederation was that it created a central government with limited powers. It also was the response to the injustice that led them to revolution, this also eliminated the executive branch entirely.
3.) What problems arose in ratifying the Articles?
The problems that arose were that Maryland’s delegates had no claim to western territory, they insisted that everyone ought to have the right to pioneer the northwestern territories.
9.) What were the Anti-Federalists argument against the Constitution? What were the Federalists' arguments in its Favor?
Anti-Federalist means opponents of the Constitution; they believed a strong central government was a threat to American liberties and rights. As a Federalist they believed in a strong, central government. Anti-Federalist thought the Constitution, lacked a bill of rights. It held “no written guarantee of the people’s right to assemble or to worship as they saw fit, and it gave no assurance of a trial by jury in civil cases or the right to bear arms.” The Federalist argued that “the Constitution fulfilled and could preserve the Republican ideas of the Revolution for better than the articles had done.”
10.) What was the outcome of the ratification process?
In the ratification of the Constitution the Federalists’ party won the most votes in the colonies. The smaller states were quick to agree with the Constitution like Delaware, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Georgia. To make Anti-Federalists’ happy, Federalist’ Jay and Hamilton made a public announcement that a revised Bill of Rights would be included in the Constitution.
11.) How did Alex Hamilton's expectations differ from those of Thomas Jefferson? What were the consequences of this conflict of vision?
Hamilton’s expectations of the new nation’s government were the he would transform agricultural America into a manufacturing society that rivaled Great Britain. He wanted to achieve this goal for protective tariffs to assist development in American industries rather than raise revenue. Jefferson’s idea of the new nation was to create a prosperous, agrarian society. Instead of government tariffs designed to encourage American manufacturing, they advocated a national policy of ‘free trade” to keep consumer prices low.
12.) How did the French Revolution affect Washington's diplomatic policy?
The French Revolution created more feuds between the two leading parties, Federalist and Republics. For the first time Washington was under public attack.
6.) How did the Confederation establish relations with other nations?
The confederation preferred diplomacy to armed conflict when dealing with European powers.
8.) What safeguards did James Madison see in his "checks and balances" system?
James Madison did not originate the idea of checks and balances for limiting government power, but he helped push it farther than anyone else before or since. Previous political thinkers, citing British experience, had talked about checks and balances with a monarch in the mix, but Madison helped apply the principle to a republic. Contrary to such respected thinkers as Baron de Montesquieu, Madison insisted checks and balances could help protect liberty in a large republic.
They expected a govt. that could establish stable diplomatic and trade relations. They also wanted a national govt. able to preserve their property and their peace of mind.
Robert Morris, Barbary Pirate, & James Madison
Farmer's Revolt, & Articles of Confederation