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The Shape of Stories

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Riley Berris

on 12 August 2013

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Transcript of The Shape of Stories

The Shape of Stories
Start- the first page(s)/ opening scene
Introduction to the world of the story
What is the setting?
Who are the characters?
The concluding glimpse into the world of the story
End - the last page(s) / the final scene

How has the setting changed?
How have the characters changed?
Inciting Incident
•a plot point that causes something or someone to be set in motion
-Holden Caulfield in
The Catcher in the Rye
gets kicked out of school.
-What is an inciting incident in
The Hunger Games
Rising Action
Building action often increasing the intensity, excitement, complexity and/or depth of the characters or plot.
A poor woodcutter and his wife had two children named Hansel and Gretel. Their mother died when they were young. Hansel and Gretel were very sad. Soon their father remarried but their stepmother was very cruel. One day, she took the children deep into the forest and left them there. Clever Hansel had some breadcrumbs in his pocket and had dropped them on the way so that they could find their way back home. Alas!
The birds ate all the crumbs and they couldn’t find the path that led back home.

Hansel and Gretel went deeper and deeper into the forest. They were hungry and tired. Finally, after walking for a long time, they saw a cottage made of chocolate, candies, and cake.
“Look, Hansel! A chocolate brick!” shouted Gretel in delight and both ate it hungrily.

Now, a wicked witch lived there. When she saw Hansel and Gretel, she wanted to eat them. She grabbed the children and locked them in a cage. The witch decided to make a soup out of Hansel and eat him first. She began boiling a huge pot of water for the soup. Just then, Gretel crept out of her cage. She gave the wicked witch a mighty push from behind and the witch fell into the boiling water. She howled in pain and died instantly. Hansel and Gretel found treasure lying around the cottage. They carried it home with them. Their stepmother had died and their father wel¬comed them back with tears of joy. They never went hungry again!

Example of Rising Action:
Explore Hansel & Gretel
A moment of high tension and drama that is a turning point for the characters or plot.
Can you think of a climax in "Romeo and Juliet"?
Character's turning point
Plot turning point
Falling Action
Reaction to a turning point which results in movement towards a resolution or transformation.
Example: In
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
, once Harry has escaped Voldemort, he is transported back to Hogwarts, and various characters explain the mysteries present in the beginning of the story.
Question: What is an example of falling action in the book
Catcher in the Rye
disrupts the harmony of the characters or plot
creates obstacles and tension
drives the plot and/or character to change
Question: Can there be a story without conflict?
Character vs Character
Character vs Nature
Character vs Self
Character vs Supernatual
Character vs Society
Character vs Machine
Character vs Destiny

If these are some types of conflict, which applies to the book you are reading?
The outcome of a conflict
When a problem has been or is being resolved
Discuss with a partner:
Is the resolution always at the end?
If there were eight protagonists in your book, how would you find the resolution?
Can there be more than one resolution in a story?
Revealing background information of character(s) or setting
Events that occur before the plot begins (back-stories)
Information that should be known to aid the reader's comprehension
Question: Where in the story do you find exposition?
development in character(s) or plot
What plot elements are present in this story?
The Shape of Stories
Full transcript