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Megara: The Ancient Greece City-State
Transcript of Megara: The Ancient Greece City-State
-Shriniketh Narayana (Icarus)
-Sanjana Borle (Daphnis)
-Shubham Banavalikar (Heron)
-Angus Jyu (Alcaeus)
-Selina Kim (Helena) Megara Megara's Geography Megara was a coastal city state found in eastern central Greece. The city was found in the northern part of the Isthmus of Corinth. It was the opposite of the Island of Salami, which used to belong to Megara in the ancient times before Athens took over the land. It was a very mountainous region. Megara's Government Megara has a democracy. This city-state is known for giving a lot of personal freedom to their citizens. Megara's Contributions Megara's History The Pelponnesian War Introduction To Megara Megara was a respected city-state. People were dazzled by the beauty of the city state, and envied their artwork. They were famous for their beautiful textiles. Their history was similar to Corinth's history. Megara copied Corinth in many ways: quality schools and its own currency. Megarians were fond of planning and building new cities and public works projects. Megara was known for its explorers. Megara's government was known to promote individual freedom among its citizens. Byzas: Created the colony Byzantium after after consulting oracle near a great natural harbor
Byzas: Founder of Byzantium
Theognis: Elegiac Poet
Eupalinos: Engineer who built the Tunnel of Eupalinos on Samos
Theagenes: Tyrant of Megara
Euclid: Founder of the Megarian School of Philosophy
Stilpo: Philosopher of the Megarian School
Teles: Cynic Philosipher Famous Megaran Citizens Megara started out as an early dependancy of Corinth. They founded Megara Hyblaea, a small polis. Megarans also founded Byzantium, and Chalcedon after fighting for independence with Corinth. The ancient city of Byzantium was founded by Megara. They were also famous for their textiles and public art, such as statues, temples and theaters. . Megara has a very nice climate. The summers were usually hot and dry, and winter had mild and rainy weather. There were periods of sunshine all year long. Since Megara is by water, warm days are cooled down by fresh sea breezes. Winter and summer get about the same amount of rain. Also, the summers have a only few thunderstorms. Winter can be severe and icy. Megara's Climate The Pelponnesian War erupted when the rivalry between Sparta and Athens increased. Eventually, Sparta declared war on Athens in 431 B.C.E. Many of the other city-states were dragged into the fight and the war lasted 27 years. Sparta won, victorious. However, neither of the two city-states regained their power. After the Pelponnesia War, other poleis continued fighting each other. The constant wars made Greece weak. A Macedonian conqueror, King Alexander, noticed this and conquered Greece. Megara's War Contributions Role in Persian War 2. In the Persian war it contributed 3,000 heavy-armed troops and 20 ships to the confederate forces to help the Greeks in the war of Salamis. Athenian control of Megara in enabling the early Athenian successes in the war. Megara provided a convenient port on the Corinthian gulf, to which Athenian rowers could be transported overland, and a significant number of ships were probably kept at Megara's port of Pagae throughout the war. Moreover, while early modern scholars were skeptical of Athens' ability to prevent a Spartan army from moving through the Megarid, recent scholarship has concluded that the pass of Geraneia could have been held by a relatively small force; thus, with the isthmus of Corinth closed and Athenian fleets in both the Corinthian and Saronic gulfs, Attica was unsailable from the Peloponnese. MEGARA MEGARA MEGARA Thanks For Watching!