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Matter and Energy

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by

Theo Johnson

on 9 February 2012

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Transcript of Matter and Energy

MATTER AND ENERGY By: Ryan and Theo Atoms are always in motion. Some examples at a basketball game are players running, the ball getting shot, and fans cheering. Basically atoms never stop moving. Since they are always moving, and kinetic energy is the energy of motion, these are all examples of kinetic energy. Our large event is a basketball game. State and Change of State There are three states which are solids, liquids, and gases. Examples of solids are the ball, people, stands, and the floor. Liquids are water, Gatorade, and soda. An example of gas is steam from the concessions. A change of state is water evaporating or ice melting. These are images of state and change of state. Other Physical Changes A physical change is when matter changes size, shape ,or form. example: One example could be if the player hits the ball with something sharp, the ball could deflate. This has changed size, shape, and form. Another type of physical change is the change from one state of matter to another. On an ice cream sandwich at the concessions first it's a solid, but then it changes to a liquid when it melts. Some physical changes take years and years to change. Example: outdoor basketball court- at first it looks brand new. But over time, cracks form. Then water would get inside those cracks, freeze, and finnaly make the cracks even bigger. This kind of change is called physical weathering. Pictures Definition of physical weathering Physical weathering- caused by the effects of water and wind over time. Weathering forms many parts of earths surface. Chemical change- rusty metal iron in the metal reacts with oxygen in the air forming a third substance called rust. There is a nail by the front of the free throw line lining up with the hoop. This is so the players can adjust their position to align themselves with the hoop. These are where the nails are. You know a chemical change has happened when the substances that make up an object have been changed into other substances. You can't always see chemical reactions. Did you kinow that chemical reactions happen inside you every day? When food enters your body, it's broken apart by your teeth. That's a physical change. The chemical changes happen when the food gets broken down by enzimes, so nutrients can be delivered to cells. You know that the chemical change has happened because your energy level goes up in the hour or so after you eat. Some examples at a game are iron rusting and a hot dog catching on fire. Chemical Change Thermal Expansion Different forms of energy
There's chemical energy stored in food that your body uses to walk, run, and lift things.
Power plants, and batteries provide us with electrical energy.
The sun is our major source of light energy.
Wind, moving water, airplanes, and sound waves all have mechanical energy.
Vibrating atoms cause heat, and that makes thermal energy.
Nuclear energy is released from inside atoms, when they are broken apart, or together.
We heard that Miss Emmer had just finished the fitness testing for grades 4 through 6. Kinetic Energy: It's Everywhere Defintion of thermal expansion: Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in volume in response to a change in temperature. - wikipedia At the concessions stands, water boils when they are making hot dogs, hamburgers.etc. So here is a picture of water boiling When water is heated, it expands. When water is heated, its density decreases, and its volume expands This is a picture of water boiling. Water boiling is an example of thermal expansion. This is a picture of water boiling. Water boiling is an example of thermal expansion. Transfer of energy by heat example: One example could be if the player hits the ball with something sharp, the ball could deflate. This has changed size, shape, and form.

at.
Motion of atoms, state, and changeof state, other
physical changes, chemical changes, temperature
and change of temperature, transfer of energy by
heat, and thermal expansion. She's curious how the
terms listed above can be related to physical
education, and your daily life at home. So we decided
to find out how in this presentation kinetic energy:
it's everywhere. We created a visual presentation of
one large event, and other minor events that took
place in the large event.
Kitetic energy is really everywhere. It is the energy of motion so when there's motion, there's kinetic. One example is a basketball being dribbled. Temperature and change of temperature
When the players run around their body heat increases, because they get sweaty. Also their heart rate goes up, and starts beating rapidly. When they slow down, and sit on the bench, their heart rate, and body heat decreases because they aren't moving. This is a change of temperature.

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"Blogs on News, Sports, Entertainment and Life in Central New York - syracuse.com." Blogs on News, Sports, Entertainment and Life in Central New York - syracuse.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2012. <http://blog.syracuse.com>.
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"eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com." eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2012. <http://ehow.com>.
email. "Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org>.
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By: Ryan and Theo Energy can be transferred from on location to another, and one object to another. Energy can be transferred from one object to another by doing work. When work is done on an object, it results in a change in the objects motion, or a change in the onjects kinetics energy. Energy can be transferred from on location to another, as in the sun's energy travels through space to earth. THe two ways that energy can be transferred are by doing work, and heat transfer. An example at a game is when a hot dog is warmed up in the concessions stands. Also a common example is a fan changing electric energy to unwanted heat.
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