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THE GOLD RUSH PROJECT
Transcript of THE GOLD RUSH PROJECT
Made By Lucas
John Sutter contributed some stuff to the Gold Rush. John Sutter is the person who owned the property where the gold was first found. If he didn't come to California, there probably wouldn't be any Gold Rush.
Ironically, even though John Sutter owned the property where the gold was found, he didn't get rich from it. In fact, he went bankrupt in 1852, a couple years after the Gold Rush
John Sutter and James Marshall converged (or worked together) to find gold. James was the one who found the gold, and John tested the gold to see if it was real. This started the Gold Rush.
Icons of Depth
Language of the Discipline
Here are some vocabulary words you use when studying the Gold Rush.
hydraulic - related to water
rocker - a machine used to separate gold and rocks
streambed - the bed of a stream
gravel - a kind of rock
submerge - to dip underwater
The "49ers", or miners, are unethical when they mine since they are ruining and destroying the environment. Instead, they should use the hard, but earth-friendly ways to find gold, such as panning or using the rocker.
Here are some rules you should probably follow if you're going mining underground.
Bring a drill
Bring a light source
Wear a hard hat
San Fransisco Residents:
1846 - 200
1851 - 17,000
1856 - 36,000
Gold Rush Project
Life in the Diggings
Here are some things that miners had to deal with but normal people would not:
Lots and lots of heavy work
Lots of dirt
Rainstorms (normal people just live go in their house)
Lots of stuff to carry
When you're a miner, you might have some special rules for your mining town.
Get off my claim
You can only mine on a claim (that you own)
Bring a pickaxe
Here are some unethical things the 49ers did in order to get rich:
Injure each other to get a claim
Left their families
Steal somebody's gold or supplies
What We Learned
The BIG Idea
Lots and lots of people came to CA at the same time.
Everyone wanted to get there as fast as they could.
It lasted only 1 year.
It filled up very fast.
Change Over Time
BEFORE DURING AFTER
California is empty and barren. Almost no-one is there except Mexican citizens and Native Americans.
Tons and tons of people come. The mexican government is not happy. Lots of establishments, shops, and buildings are made.
Everyone leaves since the gold is gone. All the buildings sit there. Some get demolished. California goes back to being empty (until the US
Underground mining is when you go underground and get out a pick and smash a rock to get its contents. It's very easy.
1. Find a rock
2. Get the pick
3. Hit the rock with the pointy end
4. Pick up gold
Of course when underground mining you smash the walls. And it's easier to use a drill:
1. Drill forward
Sluice boxes are long, narrow boxes. You place the box into a river or stream. Then, you shovel in dirt and gravel. The dirt and gravel will be pulled away by the current, and the heavy gold will get stuck in its ridges. You can then lift up the sluice box, retrieve the gold, then start again.
Gold panning is one of the most popular ways to get gold. You dig your pan into the dirt below and shake the pan so the dirt and rocks come up to the top. Throw out the big rocks and pebbles. Then you wash the pan. You can swirl it around in circles, or you can do the "wave" technique. It's where you move the pan slowly forward and backward to make a wave. Then you repeat. After 3 or 4 times, there will be nothing yet but a little bit of sand and 1 or 2 gold flakes! Then you repeat.
Large-Scale Hydraulic Mining
Hydraulic mining is where you have a hose and you hose down the rocks around you. Seriously. It's like a water sandblaster. You can then pick up the gold around you. This technique is actually wasteful, since you need lots and lots of water. But it usually results with plenty of gold.