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Essential Oils

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Amazing Teachers

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of Essential Oils

Essential Oils
What Are Essential Oils?
Why People Believe
MLM - Multilevel Marketing
Science Behind and Against
Excellent anti-microbial

by: McKenzie Macdonald, Makayla Clement, Miriam Carr, and Erin Wright
Concentrated extracts with active molecules
Isolated from various parts of plants
How Are They Used?
Oral Consumption
Skin Application
Treat Ailments and Physical Pains
fungal infections
enhance mood
induce relaxation
Usually isolated using
steam distillation

(lowers boiling point)
Scientific backing?
"natural" - Historical Use
"Real world" application
Presented by friends and family
Social pressure (guilt and peer pressure)
misconception of safety
Need more research!
Long-term: Societal Ignorance
Short term problems?

can afford
still using traditional medicine
As far as we can
tell, essential oils are an example of a very
and very
placebo effect
Modern Essentials: A Contemporary Guide to the Therapeutic Use of Essential Oils
. 4th ed. Orem, Utah: AromaTools, 2012. Print.
What about the Science?
Why isn't there More?
Double blind experiments with Aromatherapy
Use in the Past and Present
Many natural plant treatments have been used all over the world throughout history.
Peppermint Oil
May help with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

“Although there are some promising results, there is no clear-cut evidence to support the use of peppermint oil for other health conditions.”
In one study peppermint oil was used as an antispasmodic drug for patients undergoing an endoscopy. The peppermint oil was especially effective in the elderly.
Antimicrobial Properties
The Essential Oils
Rediscovering Essential Oils
1910 - Rene Gattefosse
Dr. Jean Valnet
Lavender Oil
Cosmetics firm
has a long history
we get effective compounds from plants!
Time should weed out remedies that don't work
Ones used today should be the most effective.
Need scientific evidence
Countless sources showing the chemical and molecular makeup
Infer what the effects should be
Few scientific experiments capable of
the effects
Essential Oils are not standardized
Singling out the actual cause of the outcome
Approval and funding
They are very good at keeping away fungus and bacteria.
They have been used to treat fungal infections with success
This could be very useful in health practices.
Lemon Oil
May help with boosting your mood
Problems and Questions
Rosemary Oil
Testing effect on cognitive performance
Increased alertness
Enhanced yet slowed down performance
Surveyed mood to misdirect participant attention
Compared to Lavender and an odorless placebo
Case Study:
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
(Imagawa 2012)
infected rats with a fungus
used peppermint oil to remove the fungus
removed it in 29 days
commercial drug bifonazole removed it in 14-15 days
pure menthol was more effective at removing the fungus, and cured the mice in 10 days
(Sokovic 2006)
(Ferruggiari 2012)
Explored the effectiveness of aromatherapy on postoperative women
Diffused peppermint oil or a saline vapor in response to their nausea complaints
“Statistical analysis showed no significant differences between intervention and nausea rating” and the women who received antiemetics to reduce nausea, did not report any nausea."
Ferruggiari, Ragione, Rich, Lock. “The effect of aromatherapy on postoperative nausea in women undergoing surgical procedures.”
Journal of Perianesthia Nursing
. (2012) 27.4: 246-251
Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Graham JE, Malarkey WB, et al. Olfactory influences on mood and autonomic, endocrine, and immune function.
(2008) 33.3:328–339
“Peppermint Oil” National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. April 2012. Web. Nov 25 2013.
Soković, Glamočlija, Marin, Brkić, Vukojević, Jovanović, Kataranovski, “Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oil of Mentha x piperita.”
Pharmaceutical Biology
. (2006) 44.7: 511-515
Imagawa, Hata, Nakatsu, Yoshida. “Peppermint oil solution is useful as an antispasmodic drug for esophagogastroduodenoscopy, especially for elderly patients.”
Digestive Diseases and Sciences
. (2012) 57.9: 2379-2384
Are the essential oils essential?
The essential oils don't do anything the plant itself isn't capable of, they are just more concentrated
If they are useful, how do they compare to the drugs recommended for the medical issue?
Dosing is an issue
Is that concentration necessary?
Mentha Piperita
Peppermint Oil
Full transcript