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Multiple Sclerosis

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by

Samuel Andrade

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Multiple Sclerosis

By Janelle, Amy, Sam, and Alyssa Multiple Sclerosis MS is a slowly developing neurological disorder where the myelin sheath, which is a white matter cover, in different areas of the brain and spinal cord is destroyed and is replaced by scar tissue. When the myelin sheath is destroyed, there are tears in the tissue that can vary in size from a pinpoint or 1 to 2 centimeters. Definition Relapsing Remitting MS (RRMS) Types of MS Diagnosis Diagnosis and Treatment - can be used to help manage the symptoms of MS and incorporate physical activity into their lives
- balances the nervous system without aggravating or inflaming the disease
-can be adapted to the unique needs and symptoms of people living with MS
-uses unhurried movements, slow stretching and breathing to reduce stress and release muscle tension MS and Yoga Benefits Physical Activity and Multiple Sclerosis MS and Swimming Symptoms: numbness, hand tremors, heat intolerance, extreme fatigue,slurred speech, staggering gait, and partial, or complete, paralysis. Primary Progressive MS (PPMS) Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS) Progressive Relapsing MS (PRMS) -blood tests
-neurological examination
-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Treatments -increasing strength and endurance
-use of mobility aids
-electrical stimulation device
-regular physical activity adaptations: mat, from a chair, using a chair as support, or a partner for support Alleviates fatigue
Helps retain flexibility and range of motion
Increases flexibility, cardiovascular health, bladder and bowel function Delays cognitive decline
Prevents muscle atrophy
Improves mood and helps decrease stress. Coaching and Teaching Recommendations Be Prepared Take frequent breaks during activity to accommodate fatigue Heat can cause symptoms of MS to feel temporarily worse, so keep cold drinks and ice on hand Maximizing Participation Know your athlete or student Do not over adapt your lesson or practice more than necessary Encourage those with MS to stay as active as possible Experiment with different types of activities Physical Activity in Action Depending on the severity of MS, activity may only be recommended for short amounts of time BUT the duration and intensity should always be decided based on the individual's needs and capabilities Some better than none: Moderate activity can have the same benefits as vigorous exercise Symptom type and severity can vary from week to week Offers low impact aerobic workout
Huge benefit of exercising in the water
Generates improvements with flexibility and range of motion
Water helps keep the individual's body temperature cool and relaxes possible symptom outbreaks Exercises for MS Depending on the severity of MS in the individual, sports and exercise recommendations will vary
In general activities such as Swimming, Yoga, Tai chi, Pilates, and basic aerobics have been found to work best with people with MS
Before started any activities or exercises it is best to get approval from a professional (doctor, physical therapist) Easy Guidelines to Remember Avoid normal exercise mottos for people with MS
"stretch till it hurts" and "feel the burn" are not appropriate for people with MS
As a coach or physical therapist do not overdue it. If the individual is feeling pain or discomfort allow for a break DO NOT FORGET! As a coach or physical therapist have warm up exercises prior to activity
always keep the individual hydrated with plenty of water
watch out for temperatures!
People with MS often notice symptoms reappear when their body temperature is too hot! Adaptations for swimming Swimming pool hoist and lifts Personal flotation device (PFDS) Treatments Continued Medications: -Oral Prescriptions
-Intravenous Medication Alemtuzumab
-only helps individuals with RRMS References Winnick, A. P. (Ed.).(2011). Adapted
Physical Education and Sport (5th ed.). United States: Courier Printing. Brody, H. (2012). Multiple Sclerosis.
Nature, 484(7393). Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada. About
MS. Retrieved from http://mssociety.ca MS success story Jordan Sigalet was diagnosed with MS at the age of 23
He was diagnosed with MS while playing in the NCAA for Bowling Green State University
He also played for the Providence Bruins with the AHL until having a short lived NHL career with the Boston Bruins MS Active Source. MS and Yoga. Retrieved from http://www.msactivesource.com/ Wikipedia. (2012).Jordan Sigalet. Retrieved from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jordan_Sigalet Active MSers: Staying fit with Multiple Sclerosis. Retrieved from http://www.activemsers.org Nazario, B. (2011). Multiple Sclerosis and Exercise.
Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/multiple-sclerosis/guide/multiple-sclerosis-exercise The Regents of the University of California. (2013).
Multiple Sclerosis and School Concerns. Retrieved from http://www.ucsfbenioffchildrens.org/education/multiple_sclerosis_and_school_concerns/index.html MS Life lines.(2012). MS and Swimming. retrieved
from http://www.mslifelines.com/pages/wellnessandms/
exercise Health US news.(2007). Easy Guidelines to Remember.
Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-conditions/brain-health/multiple-sclerosis/managing#3
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