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A History of the Internet

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Emily Stegner

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of A History of the Internet

1957 The Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the first artificial earth satellite. This leads the United States to develop the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) to regain the lead in science and technology within military matters. 1962 J.C.R Licklider conceptualizes his 'Intergalactic Network,' a proposal of the benefits of a mass communication network. 1964 Packet-switching networks, which made large scale computer networking possible, are developed by Paul Baran at RAND. 1969 ARPANET, the world's first operational packet switching network, goes live and the first node-to-node communication between UCLA and Stanford Research Institute, takes place. 1972 15 nodes are on the ARPANET. Email is created. 1973 The first international connections to ARPANET are made between University College of London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway). The term Internet begins being used. 1974 Telenet, a public packet data service, is created by Larry Roberts. 1976 Queen Elizabeth sends an email. 1979 Larry Lanweber establishes the Computer Science Department research computer network (CSNET) along with six other universities.
ARPA establishes the Internet Configuration Control Board (ICCB).
USENET launches the idea of newsgroups, where users can dial into servers to request information, and the servers respond. 1981 "Because It's Time NETwork," or BITNET, is started as a cooperative network, providing electronic mail and listserv servers for distributing information and file transfers.
The Computer Science NETwork (CSNET) is established to provide networking service, especially email, to university students. 1983 Domain Name System (DNS) developed instead of needing to remember exact paths.
Desktop workstations are created. 1984 DNS is introduced across the Internet. Number of host goes above 1,000. 1986 Over 28,000 hosts. 1989 Number of hosts reaches 160,000 by November.
Tim Berners-Lee proposes the idea for the World Wide Web: a hypertext system that runs across the Internet on different operating systems, which adressed the issue of the currency of information. 1990 ARPANET shuts down. Search tools like ARCHIE begin to appear. 1991 World Wide Web is released. 1992 More than 1,000,000 hosts. Jean Armour Polly coins the term surfing the Internet. 1993 InterNIC is created to provide certain directory or database, registration, and informational services on the Internet. Business and Media begin to take notice of the Internet, and the White House and UN come online. Mosaic web browser takes the internet by storm. 1995 6.5 million hosts.
Traditional dial-up systems begin to provide Internet access. JAVA, an independent programming language, is created by Jim Gosling. Many Net related companies, the leader being Netscape, go public. Yahoo! is founded. 1996 The WWW browser war explodes between Netscape and Microsoft. 1998 Google is created. 2001 Wikipedia is launched. 2002 There are over 544 million users on the Internet. 2004 Facebook launched in Cambridge, MA. 2005 Youtube launches. 2011 2012 Revolts in the Middle East are spurred by Facebook and Twitter. Internet users defeat the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA)/Protect IP Act (PIPA), maintaining Internet freedom. Work Cited http://www.siliconvalleyhistorical.org/home/internet_timeline
http://www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/internet_history_90s.html A History of the Internet
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