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What is Euthanasia?
Transcript of What is Euthanasia?
Types of Euthanasia
Active: when a person directly and deliberately causes the patient's death, whether using an injection.
Passive: when someone does not directly take the patient's life, they just allow them to die.
This can be by
(switching off a machine that is keeping a person alive) or
(not carrying out surgery that will extend life for a short time).
Voluntary Euthanasia - When a competent person makes a voluntary and enduring request to be helped to die.
Involuntary Euthanasia - To end a person's life without their knowledge or consent.
Active Euthanasia - To end a person's life by use of drugs, whether by oneself or with the aid of a physician.
The Way out
What is Euthanasia?
Euthanasia term originated from Greek word "Good Death" refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering.
Lethal injection: It euthanize the person by using a combination of drugs. A narcotic drug is first given that puts the person to sleep. Then, another drug is injected that stops the breathing and heart function.
What does the church teach?
The Christian values believe that every life, created in the image of God, has intrinsic, God-given value that is not reduced by circumstances.
The issue is, rather, what God wills. For the Christian, life is God's gift and its end is to be determined by Him.
God teaches that suffering s a part of God's law, therefore, suffering that can not be cured should be accepted because it is dealt out by God, the creator of life.
If the Christian Church teaches that all human are equal, what are the circumstances?
-Christianity requires us to respect every human being
-If we respect a person shouldn't we respect their decisions about the end of their life?
• Atheism and Humanism believe that life is for joy, so according to this perspective, life should not be continued unless it is a wanted life. Suffering is an unmitigated negative; thus there are some lives not worth living.
There's a fine line between pain through depression, and pain through terminal illnesses.
Although one may not feel this way, there is almost always a way out of the pain due to depression, but....
Do you honestly feel one should
suffer through an illness that
can never be cured?!
Euthanasia is illegal in all states of the United States. Physician aid in dying (PAD), or assisted suicide, is legal in the states of Washington, Oregon, Montana, and Vermont. The key difference between euthanasia and PAD is who administers the lethal dose of medication.
8 November 1994 Oregon, the
state of Washington in 2008, Montana have recently legalized physician-assisted suicide. Also, on May 20, 2013, doctor-prescribed suicide became a legal "medical treatment" in Vermont.
Is it Legal?
PAD and euthanasia are legal and widely practiced in the Netherlands where: About 9% of all deaths were a result of PAD or euthanasia in 1990.
Assisted suicide has been legal in Switzerland since the 1940's, and the treatment in this country does not need to be preformed by a medical doctor.
For assisted suicide, the law does not require a physician to be involved, nor does it require the recipient to be a Swiss national. These aspects of the law are unique in the world.
Voluntary euthanasia has also been legal in Belgium since September 2002. Distraught about going blind, 45-year-old deaf twin brothers from Belgium chose to be euthanized because they couldn't bear not to see one another. The doctor who presided over the euthanasia described the twins as being "very happy." "It was a relief to see the end of their suffering,"
"CHEW ON IT!" : Euthanasia. Yes? No? N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2014.
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"Facts About Euthanasia." Facts About Euthanasia. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Engster, Daniel. “Care Ethics and Euthanasia” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Manchester Hyatt, San Diego, California, Mar 20, 2008. 2009-03-02 <http://www.allacademic.com/ meta/p23188_index.html>
Hutchison, Fred. “Granting People the Right to Die Ignores Their Responsibility to Society.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2006. 65-74.
Loconte, Joe. “ Hospice Care Improves End-of-Life Care.” Death and Dying. Ed. James Haley. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2003. 17-27.
Miller, David A. “Only God Should Decide the Time and Manner of a Person’s Death.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2006. 12-2
Nickson, Elizabeth. “The Right to Die Will Lead to the Duty to Die.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2006. 78-81.
Rogatz, Peter. “Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalized.” Death and Dying. Ed. James Haley. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2003. 39-48.
Rudden, Lawrence. “Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Should be Legal.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2006. 22-31
Smith, Wesley J. “Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Not Be Legalized.” Death and Dying. Ed. James Haley. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2003. 49-57.
Somerville, Margaret. “Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Not Be Legal.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2006. 3232-37.
Passive Euthanasia - To end a person life by not taking the necessary and ordinary action to maintain life. This can be done by withdrawing water, food, drugs, medical or surgical procedures.
Physician-Assisted Suicide - Suicide accomplished with the aid of a medical doctor intentionally providing a person with an overdose of prescription medication.
Assisted Suicide - Suicide accomplished with the aid of another person.
Dutch doctors practice active euthanasia by lethal injections (96.6% of all deaths actively caused by physicians in 1990). Physician-assisted suicide is very infrequent (no more than 3.4% of all cases in Holland of active termination of life in 1990).
The Board of the Royal Dutch Medical Association endorsed euthanasia on newborns and infants with extreme disabilities.
Well over 10,000 citizens now carry "Do Not Euthanize Me" cards in case they are admitted to a hospital unexpectedly.
Cases exist where doctors administer assisted suicide for people determined to be "chronically" depressed.
Presented by Beatriz, Livanesa, Stveevens
Calvin,Marie, Arjenis, Fidel, Alek, Yeshe