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Transcript of INDEPENDENCE STRUGGLE
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Leader of the Muslim League who pushed for a separate country for Muslim Indians
Mohandas karamchand Gandhi
Studied law in England, practiced in South Africa
Joined the INC before WWI
Became leader of the INC because he was better able to relate to the problems of the common people
Believed in the idea of non-violent resistance (Satyagraha
Gandhi's Ideas and Methods
Satyagraha protesting without using violence in order to win the enemy over
Hindu religion and “ahimsa”
Christ’s teaching to love one’s enemy
Henry David Thoreau’s philosophy of civil disobedience
Equality for Caste and Women
Gandhi fought to improve conditions for women and untouchables in India
Gandhi urged Indians to stop buying British products
Making homespun cloth became the symbol of his movement
Breaking unjust laws
The Salt March 1930
Amritsar Massacre 1919
Peaceful demonstration against British
Resulted in over 300 deaths
Convinced Gandhi that cooperation with the British was impossible
Site of massacre today
Alley that prevented the use of tanks
Hindu Muslim - Unity
"Indian first, Muslim or Hindu second"
Gandhi often fasted to end Hindu-Muslim conflict
As Gandhi's movement grew, British officials were forced to meet with him.
Independence in 1947
Indias government resembles Britains
India was Partitioned into 2 countries: India and Pakistan
Mass migrations occurred and Hindu -Muslim conflicts exploded
Gandhi was assassinated in 1948
Inertial forces due to spinning distribute the molten metal into the mold cavity
1.True centrifugal casting