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AP World History - Semester Review

Units 1-4, up to 1750
by

Benjamin Hull

on 21 December 2012

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Transcript of AP World History - Semester Review

China Shang 1750-1045
oracle bones, pictograms, for writing
silk, stone tools, pottery, bronze weapons Zhou 1045-221BCE
Warring States Period, 481-221 BCE
Wen - 1st rebellion against Shang
Wu - 1st ruler, son of Wen
Tion - most important god, mandate of heaven
Feudal Structures & Bureaucracy
ruling class, aristocrats
artisans & craftsmen
peasants
slaves
Daoism & Confucianism Qin 221-220 BCE
Shi Huangdi
united China
code of laws
weights & measures
coinage
fighting & rebellion Han 202BCE-220CE
haozu emperor
military operations
horses
religion
nature gods
afterlife Sui 581-618, Sui Unification
women stereo typed
father & son rulers
Chang'an
Grand Canal, irrigation
mostly Buddhist, some Confucianism
Grand Canal & trade Yuan Mongols
Khubila Khan
capital in Bejing
Forbidden City
90% of population agricultural
paper money & copper coins Tang started by Li family
Wa Zhou
small states
Buddhism
pottery
wood, iron, stirrups Song hereditary classes
no women's rights
foot binding
redirected rivers to flow waste out of cities
medicine, math, astrology
iron and coal
money made trade easier (flying money) Ming 1364-1600's
Social
Civil Service Exams started again
contact with the Middle East
Political
Hongwu
Nanjing became capital
limited trade with foreigners
silver coins
Yongle
capital in Beijing
Additions to the Forbidden City
Interactions with the Environment
explosives
building
Culture
literature, Mingware (porcelain)
Economics
silver coins
trade with Middle Easts with Yongle in control Qing Social
Manchus
Political
Kangxi
expansion of military
Jesuits welcomed
stable emperors
Interactions with the Environment
deterioration and deforestation
Culture
European ideas
Economics
lowered tax, rents, and interest rates
foreign trade ports
silver Japan Heian Period with the Fujiwara 4 main islands & many smaller ones
11% of land good for farming
women involved in royal court
relations with Sui China
Chinese influences
wall-less cities
Shinto
Fujiwara
family of aristocrats that dominated the Japanese imperial court between the 9th and 12th centuries Feudal Period of the Kamukura & the Ashikaga Shogunates military values increased
Kamakura Shogunate
1st shogunate of Japan
Kamakura destroyed by civil war
Ashikaga Shogunate
2nd shogunate of Japan
warlords received independence Tokugawa/Edo Period Social
social classes
merchants up & samurai down
Political
shogun
more power
capital to Edo from Kyoto
more political unity
Interaction with the Environment
rice, ports, roads
Culture
porcelain, steal, pottery,
artisan-ship
religion
Confucianism, Buddhism, Shinto, Catholicism introduced then banned
merchant culture
Economic
trade with China
rice currency
beginning of manufacturing and industry India Indus Valey priests, trading elites, workers and farmers
large houses
well planned cities, baths, sewer system,
organized grid system
writing system, pottery, polytheistic religion Vedic Age Hinduism
vedas are religious texts
karma
male deities
sacrifice
migrations of people to India
no central authority Maurya unified India
Ganges plain
political control over subcontinent
Askoka Gupta theater state
complex structures
status of women declined
scholarship, science, & arts Delhi Sultanates new water control systems
Ibn Battuta
gold and copper from Africa
jewelry and temple decorations Mughal Social
religious tolerance
Hindus & Muslims
social harmony
peaceful conditions
Political
manabas, land grants
Divine Faith
Interaction with the Environment
land expansion
Culture
Hindu & Muslim
Divine Faith
miniature paintings
peacock throne
Economics
foreign trade
cotton cloth
revenue assignments
mansabs Africa Ancient Egypt men and women equal
upper an lower class
republic
advanced structures
religion
over 2,000 gods
trade within empire
crops
wheat, melon, barely, flax Nubia north farmed, south traded
overthrew Egypt, but then over thrown by Egypt
Meroe Bantu Migrations Bantu language
iron smelting
iron axes & hoes
southwerd, eastwart, & westward Mali Islam
Mansa Musa
pilgrimage to Mecca, spread wealth Eastern Coast/Swahili Coast/Zimbabwe/Ethiopia migration & relocation of peoples
ivory, beeswax, copai tree resin, wood
European minor role
slaves exported
Swahili language
spread of Islam
Battle of al-Qasr
naval expeditions
pirates and slaves
Dutch East India Company
the Dutch prevail, sultans could not get effective help from English
Roaring Forries
strong winds Americas Olmec three classes
swindding & slash and burn agriculture
colassal stone heads
rubber balls & clay Chavin organized family groups
regional cheif of priest
Chavin de Huantar
Andes
llama Moche accurate calendar
terraces and disperssed farming
Peru
llama & alpaca Maya three classes
kinship cities
square grids
slash and burn
astronomy, calendars, writing
nature gods Teotihuacan Mexico
Quetzalcoatl
human sacrifice
military Toltec central Mexico
two chieftains shared power
competed with Aztecs
declined after 1150C.E. Aztecs altepetl
alpilli
capitals at Tenochtitlan & Tlatelolco
military
genter complementary
tribute system
large number of gods
human sacrafices Inca Andes Mountains
Cuzco
mit'a system
terraces, drained swamps, & roads
sacrafice
khipus Spanish & Portugues Conquest Indian Ocean Trade
Portugal
viceroyalty of Brazil
African laves
Henry the Navigator
Gold Cost
Bartolomeu Dias
Vasco de Gama
Ferdinand Magellan
Ethiopia
Spain
viveroyalty of New Spain, New Aranado, Peru, & La Plata
more native slaves
Christopher Columbus
conquistators
Hernan Cortez
conquered Aztecs
Fransico Pizzaro
conquered Inca
caravel
Americas Middle East Mesopotamia three social classes
power and war
early mythology religion
number system based on 60
trade, transport, labor Persia men very important
three classes
Cyrus used tribes to ensure power
Zoroastrianism
carpets & textiles Birth of Islam Muhammad
vissions
Quran revealed in a dream
Hijra
died in 632 C.E. Umayyad Sunni Islam
ruled in Damascus
converted people to Islam
Islamic Spain
fell to Abbasid Abbasid Shi'ite Islam
moved capital to Baghdad
the golden age of Islam Mongols technologies
enhanced trade
paper money circulation increased
women's rights
religious tolerance
unified Asia
conquered city after city
conquered people turned into slaves
bubonic plague
destroyed Abbasid Calphate Ottoman Social
Turks
Janissaries
Calvarymen
Political
armies
Istanbul
Sultans
Interaction with the Environment
Red, Mediterranean Sea, Persian Gulf
Malacca, Africa, Port of Izmir
Culture
Muslim
horses
cosmopolitan era
cannons
coffee & silk
Economics
tax farming, tulip bulbs to the Dutch Safavid Social
women not seen in public
private family life
Political
bureaucracy
leaders had religious power
Shahs
Interaction with the Environment
Isfahan
Culture
Persian language
Arabic poetry
tile mosaics
Suni Islam
Economics
taxes
silk & carpets
inflation from war, cheep silver, armies Ancient Mediterranean/Middle East Minoans ruled by naval empire
traded with surrounding lands
women liked Mycenaean 1st of Greek culture
shaft graves
Linear B Hittites 1st to use iron
capital of Hattusha
destroyed around 1200 B.C.E. Assyrians three classes
monarchy
king oversaw religious meetings, upkeep of temples, & stuff
over 2,000 gods
sculptures of gods
Library of Ashurbanipal Babylonians conquered Assyrians
King Nabopolassar & Nebuchadnezzar
sophisticated society
culturalrenaissance Israel monarchy
Jacob, David, Solomon
Judaism
Solomon built First Temple
the Hebrew Bible
Yahweh
one God
Moses wrote 10 Commandments, lead Stromatolites around the desert Pheonicians merchants ruled
small city states
King Hiram and Tyre
wide trade though out Mediterranean
alphabet
timber Greeks free landowning men participated in democracy
democracy in Athens
oligarchy in Sparta
army & navy
Greek mythology
coin currency Hellenistic Period period of expansion by Alexander the Great
when taken over considered Hellinised Western Europe Celts Germany, Austria, & Czech Republic
migrated though Europe
not an actual nation
Druid
over 400 gods & goddesses
belief in some sort of afterlife Rome Republic
patricians & plebeians
senate
very strong military
arch, cement, Roman mythology
Principate
Octavious
senate to governors of small territories
Christianity accepted, then spreads Byzantine Justinian & Theodora
Christian, architecture, law code
Justinian's Plague
the Schism of 1054 C.E,
Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic
Muslim take over in 1453 C.E.
hereditary monarchy
strong military
bureaucracy
Code of Justinian
Cyrillic Alphabet Middle Ages feudalism
Roman Catholic Church
Gothic architecture
Crusades
Pope Urban II
1095 preached
1099 1st Crusade
1187 Muslims retake Jerusalem
1204, attack Constantinople Renaissance republics
reintroduction of Classics
art
expression & perspective
oil based paints
knowledge
humanism
new technologies
three fields system
reformation
banking & trade
guilds Protestant Reformation causes
corruption
power of the pope
doctrine
sale of indulgences
protesting against the Catholic Church
Martin Luther
faith Scientific Revolution people challenged religion
1500-1600
intellectual movement
Newton & Galeleo Enlightenment philosophical movement
reason
law codes
changes in politics Eastern Europe/Russia Kievan Russia Vladamire
king
Orthodox Christianity
before was pagan
united Russia
trade
scarce food Mongols Genghis Khan
took the Tanggut & Jin
moved towards Middle East
Jagadai Khan
controlled central China
Ogeodei Khan
successor of Genghis
help with Russia push
Butu Khan
Golden Horde
Mongke Khan
controlled after Gukuc
women's rights
taxes
Khublai Khan
Yuan
golden age
Hulegu Khan
took over Bagdad & Damascuc
Il-khan
eventually became Muslim
Muscovite Dynasty Political
princes of Moscow
tzar title
Interactions with the Environment
expansion into Siberia
Culture
Orthodox Christianity
Islam
Economics
fur trade Romanovs Social
peasants became serfs
feudal system
women more excepted
Political
Peter the Great
St. Petersberg
Catherine the Great
tzar's power grew
Barys loose power
expanding military
Interactions with the Environment
expansion into Siberia
Culture
Peter stresses Christian culture
Western culture
Economics
fur trade
modernization, industry, & trade
canals improved
gold, iron, & timber Trade Routes Silk Road causes
demand for western stuff
Chinese exploration
items traded
animals, spices, crops, silk
religion
pastoral nomads
Arabs
stirrups & camel saddle
Trade Routes Indian Ocean origins
Sumariens
canoew from Africa to Madagascar
traded goods
spice, timber, ivory, pearls, gems, animals, crops
mode of trade
Chinese & Malay
Arabs & Persians
Indians
Africans
monsoon winds & sails Trade Routes Trans-Saharan origins
camel domestication
traded goods
salt, forest products, camels, & crops
mode of trade
camels
Roman colonists
middle men Sub-Saharan origins
Bantu
traded goods
iron, culture, agricultural ideas, pigs, coinage, & language
mode of trade
Bantu
Trade Routs
Atlantic Circuit Things from Europe
disease
wheat, olives, grapes, & garden vegetables
manufactured goods
Things from the Americas
maize & potatoes
medicine, cotton, & tobacco
beans, chillies, squash, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, peanuts, & chocolate
Things from Africa
slaves & gold Trade Routes Mediterranean Greece
timber, metals, & grain
Carthage
Israel
Persians
Phoenicians
Rome
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