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Copy of Articles of Confederation
Transcript of Copy of Articles of Confederation
Their Goal: Create new constitution that fixes the problems of Articles of Confederation. The New Constitution (1787) The new federal system the government was
divided into three branches of government,
each branch having particular powers.
Not only does each branch of the government have
particular powers, each branch also has certain powers over the other branches. This is done to keep them balanced and to prevent one branch or one person from ever gaining too much power. Checks and Balances Anti-Federalists
-Cautious about strong central government
Wanted Bill of Right to protect
individual freedoms Ratification Debate:
9 of 13 States were Needed 1776 Americans wanted to create a republic where the states had more power than the central government. 11 of the 13 states wrote new state Constitutions to support their state governments. Constitution: Document stating the rules under which a government will operate. Articles of Confederation Limited Central Government Had only one branch - the Continental
CONGRESS Congress could not regulate trade or levy taxes Could deal with foreign nations Could make laws, declare war, and run the postal service Weaknesses Congress had no power to:
Enforce laws Laws could only be passed if 9 out of 13 states approved
People considered themselves to be citizens of their state, not of the USA Strengths Had power to:
Declare war and peace
Settle state disputes Settled Western lands Settling the Western Lands Land Ordinance of 1785: Stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks. Northwest Ordinance Established the orderly expansion of the United States
Outlined plan for applying for statehood
Freedom of Religion
Trial by jury U.S. Constitution set up a
process for admitting new states. Territory Articles written in 1777 by John Dickinson
Accepted by Congress in 1781
First national constitution Under the Articles of Confederation 5,000 free
adult males Less than Governor, Secretary,
3 Judges Territory 5,000 free
adult males greater than Elect legislature to make laws Territory Greater than
Ask to become a state Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin Northwest
Territory Divide lands into townships Divide public lands into townships:
6 miles on each side
36 sections, one mile each
One section set aside for schools School Many roads and property lines in the Midwest still follow the township grids, 200 years later! Constitution of the United States George Washington Thomas
Jefferson John Adams James
the Articles of Confederation Each state had its own currency Each state set its own trade policy Central government did not have power to tax Problems with Foreign Countries U.S.A was weak After the
Revolutionary War British troops continued to occupy forts along
western borders Spanish refused to let Americans ship products down the Mississippi First Constitution (1781 - 1789) Set up FEDERAL government. Constitution had 8 parts:
Article 1: Legislative Branch
Article 2: Executive Branch
Article 3: Judicial Branch
Article 4: Federalism. Adding States.
Freedom to travel between states.
Article 5: Amendment Process
Article 6: Constitution has Supreme Law
Article 7: Ratification Process (9 of 13 states needed to ratify)
***Original Constitution had no Bill of Rights. Federalists
-Believed strong central government
was the best way to protect
personal freedoms. RATIFICATION:
-Promise to add the Bill of Rights was needed to pass the new constitution.
-9 states ratified it by 1788, starting
-All 13 had ratified it by 1790, ending
with Rhode Island who rejected
it many times. Federal
In a federal governtment power is shared between the states and the central government with the central government having more power than the states. The new U.S. Constitution changed the government from a confederacy to a federal government. The Articles of Confederation were replaced with the Constitution of the United States Articles of Confederation failed because they don't
provide a strong enough central government. The Constitutional Convention Confederacy: power is shared between the central government
and the states, with most power held by the states and the central government having less power.
Federal government: Power is shared between the central government and the states with the central government having
more power and the states having less power. After the U.S. Constitution was ratified by 9 states, elections were held and George Washington became the first President of the United States.
As required by the Constitution Justices were appointed by the President and approved by the newly elected Senate and all three branches of government were functioning. First Five Presidents
States. 13 Original Colonies became 13 States. Passed in 1787, then
signed in 1789 by
President G Washington.