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The Lifestyle of the Kwakiutl Tribe
Transcript of The Lifestyle of the Kwakiutl Tribe
Food and Cuisine
Rabbits, caribou and more
Shellfish and seaweed
Housing and shelter
The Kwakiutls built their houses from cedar planks. They were very large, some up to 100 feet. The houses could hold about 50 people, usually families from the same clan. At the entrance, there was usually a totem pole carved with different animals, mythological figures and family crests.
Clothing and regalia
The men during summer wore no clothing at all except tattoos and jewellery. In the winter, they usually rubbed fat on themselves in order to keep warm. In battle the men wore red cedar armour and helmets, along with breech clouts made from cedar. During ceremonies they wore circles of cedar bark on their ankles as well as cedar breech clouts. The women wore skirts of softened cedar, and a cedar or wool blanket on top during the winter.
Contrast between the lifestyle of this tribe and urban life
Transportation - canoe
Food – healthy
Job – fishing and hunting
House – large houses that can hold up to 50 people
Traditions – many beliefs, stories, mythology and legends
The Kwakiutl Indians are original people of the Pacific Northwest Coast. They live in British Columbia, Canada.
Each Kwakiutl community has its own reserve. Each Kwakiutl tribe--known as a band or First Nation in Canada--is politically independent and has its own leadership.
Almost all Kwakiutl people speak English today, but some Kwakiutls, especially elders, also speak their native Kwakiutl language, which is also known as Kwak'wala.
Life in the Tribe
The year was divided into two parts:
The spring and summer were the active times; these were the secular times of travel.
The winter saw people return to their villages, suspending physical activities and focusing on the spiritual or supernatural aspects of life.
Their belief system was complex, involving many ceremonies and rituals, and they practiced the potlatch.
by; Sharon Pan