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Basics of Photography

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by

Pratik Patki

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of Basics of Photography

Types of Cameras
Point and Shoot
Cheap, compact, easy to use, limited functionality
Bridge Compact Cameras
Point & Shoot with additional presets and more control over exposure settings
Mirrorless cameras
Interchangeable lenses, compact, fast, comparatively less expensive, good control on exposure,
DSLR Cameras
Expensive, extensive control on exposure, interchangeable lenses, bulky

Camera Modes
Aperture Priority - Av / A - Allows the user to set the aperture value, while camera calculates the shutter speed for correct exposure (ISO can be auto or set to constant)

Shutter Priority - Tv/S - Allows the user to set the shutter speed while camera calculates the aperture value for correct exposure (ISO can be auto or set to constant)

Manual - M - User can set shutter speed, aperture and ISO manually as per exposure required.
How to click the following photos
Basics of Photography
Types of cameras
Basic camera controls and features
Different shooting modes
How to click <this> photograph
Simple things to keep in mind to make your photograph more beautiful
Camera Controls
ISO - Sensitivity of the camera sensor to light
Aperture - Size of the opening of the lens
Shutter Speed - Amount of time for which the aperture will remain open
ISO
Normal values range from 100 - 12,800 in case of Full frame cameras
How to decide what ISO to use
As light decreases, increase ISO value
WARNING - Amount of noise in the picture increases at higher ISO values
Shutter Speed
Normal values range from 30" to 1/4000" in case of Full frame cameras
How to decide what shutter speed to use
Fast Subject - sports/birds/moving cars - High Shutter speed ( 1/200" to 1/4000")
Slow motion effect - milky waterfalls, panning - Slow shutter speed (1/8"-1/50")
Long exposures - star trails, road trails - slow shutter speed( 15" to 30")
WARNING - Shutter speeds below 1/50" will lead to a blurred image and loss of sharpness due to hand movement
Aperture
Values depend upon the lens that is attached. Typical values may range from f/1.2 to f/22
How to select aperture value
Low light - lower f value (f/1.2-f/2.8)
Harsh light - higher f value (f/6 and above)
Portraits - blurred background, subject in focus, lower f value (f/1.2 - f/2.8)
Landscapes - everything in focus - higher f value (f/8 -f/16)
Bokeh and Aperture
~f/4
~ f/1.4
Sports/ Action
~ 1/600 S
~ f/5.0
Soft water
f/6.3, 25s, ISO 100
Portraits
~ ISO 200, f/4,
1/200s
Some Tips for Better Photographs
Portraits - eye level, focus on eyes
Landscapes - horizon, composition and shutter speed
Rule of 3rds
Perspective
Click RAW
Keep Clicking



http://www.canonoutsideofauto.ca/play/

Photo by Richa Kashelkar
Photo by Richa Kashelkar
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Photo by Richa Kashelkar
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Photo by Kiran Abhyankar
Photo by Richa Kashelkar
Photo by Richa Kashelkar
Macro Photography
Photo byYogendra Joshi
Flash, Raynox, ISO 200, f/16, 1/200s
Full transcript