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The Hittites Empire
Transcript of The Hittites Empire
The Sea people were groups that attacked the eastern parts of Egypt, Syria, Palestine, and Anatolia. They traveled through the Mediterranean Sea and waged wars of other civilizations, but the Hittite Kingdom was hit the worst of all. The Hittites were the first people to melt iron and forge it into tools and weapons. The iron allowed the objects to become sharper and more durable than items made from Bronze. The Hittites used this iron to trade with other peoples around the Mediterranean and into Egypt. Because of the Hittites' discovery, the Bronze Age came to an end and the Iron Age began in 1500 B.C. www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumerian_script The Hittite religion was polytheistic, the belief in more that one god. Their most powerful and important god was Tarhunt, the god of storms; he is said to have ruled the heavens with the sun god, Arinna. Overall, there are hundreds of gods that the Hittites believed in.
The Hittite gods were portrayed as humans, which was different from other religions where they are shown as animals. The gods were said to have watched over the people and if they did something wrong, they were be punished by them. The head of the Hittite government was the king. After him was whomever he appointed as his heir, followed by the Gal Mesedi (Chief of the Royal Bodyguards). The Gal Mesedi protected the king and were very highly regarded; they were usually part of the royal family. Handicrafts, especially metalworking, were common jobs in the Hittite society and were considered rather high ranking occupations. www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarhunt The Hittites were also famous for their skill in building and using chariots. These chariots gave them an advantage in their military when fighting. http://history-world.org/hittite_empire_to_c.htm http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-ancient-history/hittite-empire.html http://www.ancient.eu.com/hittite/ Bibliography: