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Relative Pronouns and Relative clauses
Transcript of Relative Pronouns and Relative clauses
behind this frame! Double click to crop it if necessary San Francisco Budapest Important
Details (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Stockholm (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Are subordinate clauses
that modify a noun phrase,
most commonly a noun. We use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. Which are the relative pronouns? What is a relative
pronoun? Examples Generally, there are two types
of relative clauses: restrictive
(defining) clause and
clause. Relative pronouns that introduce a restrictive relative clause ARE NOT separated from the main clause by a comma.
Restrictive relative clauses (also known as defining relative clauses) add essential information about the antecedent in the main clause.
The information is crucial for understanding the sentence's meaning correctly and cannot be omitted. In other words, without the restrictive relative clause, the sentence does not make sense. Relative pronouns that introduce a non-restrictive relative
clauses ARE separated from the main clause by a comma.
They provide non-essential information about the antecedent
in the main clause.
The information is not crucial for understanding the sentence's
meaning correctly and can be omitted without affecting
the sentence's meaning.
In other words, non-restrictive relative clauses
are an aside that adds extra information. Assets map details doodles notes outlook photo frame Relative pronouns introduce relative clauses, which are a type of dependent clause. Relative clauses modify a word, phrase, or idea in the main clause.
My sister is the girl who is wearing a red shirt.
This is the book that I bought.
Do you know the girl whose dog is brown?
This is the boy whom I gave the book.
The house in which I lived 2 years ago was white. Examples Examples The theater, in which
the play debuted,
housed 300 people. My sister , who likes soccer, studies in Bachilleres. The family whose house burnt in the fire was
immediately given a complimentary suite in a hotel. The visitor for whom you were waiting has arrived. By combining sentences with a relative clause, your text becomes more fluent and you can avoid repeating certain words. Important Information!