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Sleep, Dreaming, and the Concious

Group Project for Psychology 6589 by: Amrita P, Christopher M, Brooke D, Kristel P. Carlo C

Amrita Patil

on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of Sleep, Dreaming, and the Concious

by:Carlo Carson, Brooke Dalmau, Christopher McCrea, Amrita Patil, and Kristel Pedrina
Group Name: Bentley Sleep, Dreaming,
& the Concious Dreams are emotions, ideas, images, and feelings that happen unintentionally during certain stages of sleep.
Dreams are usually outside the control of the dreamer except for in lucid dreaming where the dreamer is self-aware and can influence the dream while it’s happening.
Dreaming can be classified into two types of dreams, REM (Rapid Eye Movement) dreams and NREM (Non Rapid Eye Movement) dreams. Introduction Dream History Since the dawn of civilization, humans have always been fascinated with dreams and why they have them. Humans have found ways to control them, ways to improve them, and ways to keep nightmares out of our sleep. They often involve those in our lives, and they very often include our deepest and darkest desires – whether directly represented or not. Human culture has always been enamored with the idea of analyzing their dreams and assigning importance to why they happen, more often than not being spiritual in nature. Religion has likewise also been a major part of human civilization – and our dreams often have been assigned religious importance. The first major civilization to widely record their beliefs on dreams – the ancient Greeks - were no exception. Greeks had a largely positive outlook on dreams, believing that they were not only signs of someone’s destiny but that they were ways to improve the health of ailing Greeks. Ancient Greeks would go to various temples and perform various religious rites and rituals, going to sleep each night until they had just the ‘right’ dream in hopes to cure their ailments. American Indians also had a spiritual relation to dreams, believing that they often told of one’s future – the well-known story of a young man’s spirit animal coming to him by dream are famous. However, just as dreams have always been wondered about by humans in our history, nightmares also have been dealt with. . American Indians in particular had their own ways of dealing with nightmares. They famously created ‘dream catchers’, tapestries varying in size composing of a frame with a woven, interlinking grid. The grid serves to ‘catch’ nightmares from entering a sleeping person’s mind whilst good dreams would pass through and be dreamt by the sleeper. Dreams, often being used to determine a sleeper’s future, did not always necessarily mean good things. A classical Christian philosophical obsession with sex and sin led to construed meanings – and grave consequences – for some in the middle ages. . Women whom ever dreamt about sleeping with a dark figure (usually thought to be Satan) were considered to be sinners and consorters with the devil – if they ever admitted this, or were simply convinced by the various inquisitions of the time is subject to debate. Women found guilty of this were subject to a variety of punishments, not least of which burning at the stake. Buddhism has often used dreams as similes for emptiness. Traditional Buddhist thinking sees dreamers desiring whatever they dream of – and to see satisfaction, one must chase what they dream. To this day, the reasoning and significance of dreams are still only theory. Many people still retain their own beliefs, from the scientific theories of Freud to the religious theories that many still hold. Humans always will analyze what their dreams mean to them, and what they can do to improve them – it is likely that Humans never truly will know the significance of their dreams. The Function and Importance
Of Dreaming Why are dreams necessary?

The frustrated unexpressed desires get the opportunity to play out themselves without getting in to any trouble
Brain creates a story in an attempt to reconcile & make sense out of nonsensical sensory information
Dreams transfer data from the temporary memory to the long-term memory
Dreams are caused by ever-present excitations of long-term memory, even during waking life Additional Info:

Nightmares are caused by our bad experiences
Dreams have a good purpose, without which we can descend into the realm of poor physical, mental and spiritual functioning
Dream is just a symbolic expression of one's own thoughts Lucid Dreaming A lucid dream is a dream in which the
dreamer is aware that he or she is
dreaming, and he or she can even
choose to control and manipulate his
or her dream. They occur randomly,
but it is possible to induce them
through certain methods and training. In a lucid dream, the dreamer may feel god-like, or possess superhuman powers. Flying, time-travel, and even talking to historical figures is possible, it depends on your imagination. Lucid dreaming is also commonly used as an outlet for sex or used to funnel hateful feelings. There are two types of lucid dreams. Wake initiated lucid dreams occur by the dreamer entering REM sleep with awareness of what is going on. A Dream Induced Lucid Dream is induced by a dreamsign. A dreamsign is any event, object, or person that is reoccurring in dreams. Through this, the dreamer will know that he or she is dreaming since they only see that specific thing in their dreams. Through significant scientific research, scientists and dreamers alike have developed methods of inducing lucid dreaming. A common method is the "Wake, Back-To-Bed" technique. In this
method, the person wakes up at an early time such as
3:00 and becomes fully alert for 30 minutes or more.
They then go to bed with awareness and consciousness
. The reason it works is because the sleep cycle is
disrupted at the usual time of REM sleep. Sleep Diseases Disturbances in sleep are dividing in 2 separate categories: parasomnias and dyssomnias.
Under parasomnias, there is somnambulism, sleep terrors, nightmares, and somniloquy disorders.
In dyssomnias, there are 3 types of sleep disorders: narcolepsy, insomnia, and sleep apnea.
People who have sleeping diseases can cure themselves by implementing sleep hygiene practices to acquire long term results of normal sleep. ...and that concludes the
presentation portion...
We will now take any questions
you may have. An Original Presentation by:
Carlo Carson,
Brooke Dalmau,
Christopher McCrea,
Amrita Patil
Kristel Pedrina
Group Name: Bentley Psychology 1
Fall 2012
Professor Evans Why do we dream?

Ensure continued sleep,
Allow repressed part of the mind to be satisfied with fantasy while keeping the conscious mind from stress
Remove parasitic nodes and other "junk" from the mind during sleep
Complete patterns of emotional expectation and lowers stress levels
Full transcript