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Gender specific treatment
Transcript of Gender specific treatment
Non-recognition of real biological differences
I. Differences between men
and women regarding some diseases.
Sex and gender specific treatment
In what way sex and gender can have an impact on treatments? How sex and gender can be sufficiently taken into account in health research ?
History : rooted in a feminist demand
Women are under-represented in clinical trials.
Example n°1 :
Cardiovascular disease in women
Less chance of being diagnosed
Higher rate of non-admission & mortality
Difficulty to breathe
DISCRIMINATION and ERRORS
II. What are the solutions?
After the age of 84 years old,
the number of hip fractures
, especially in
The risk of death in the following year is
higher for men (30% in men
10% in women)
No threshold value
on bone densitometry.
in place for men.
The majority of treatments
cannot be prescribed to men
Hormonal changes in the menopause
SNS increases blood pressure & heart rate
Example n°3 : Diseases with mysteries to unravel...
Women are more sensitive
// hormonal status
Different reactions to stress due to :
> fluctuation in female sex hormones
> genes carried by X and Y chromosomes
> your gender
Increasing awareness in doctors and researchers
I. Differences between men and women
regarding some diseases.
II. What are the solutions ?
for studies to look at
both males and females
Baby steps in France !
Pushing forward fundamental research
type of medicine for men and women in France.....
Incorporate differences between
in fundamental research.
Include in animals studies the concept of
The environment can have an influence on animals.
Shift attitudes of
In Europe, what disease is the most frequent cause of mortality in women ?
Does every trial include male and female animals ?
In simple words, what is sex and what is gender ?
Ex : Allergic asthma
Is osteoporosis more severe in women or in men ?
Ex : 1993
American bodies have to
members of minority
Difference in treatment
Pathology considered as less severe in women
Women go less quickly to the hospital
Her doctor don't realize she suffers from a cardiovascular disease
To go even further...
: How can we change the perception of sex and gender in treatments ?
For example, if you were a teacher in medicine/pharmacy university,
would you involve sex and gender in treatment
? If so,
what would you change