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Lifestyle, Health and Improvement

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Jamie Matthews

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of Lifestyle, Health and Improvement

Lifestyle, Health and Improvement
Lifestyles Factors - Exercise/Physical Activity

Physical activity/ exercise is an important factor in our overall fitness and health.The amount of exercise someone has in their life can dramatically affect their lifestyle. Not only is it extremely good for the body if done correctly, Exercise can also have positive effects on mental well being. Good exercise is proven to reduce the risk of heart disease, heart attacks, diabetes. In mental terms poor exercise can contribute to depression, poor views of self image and anxiety.
Lifestyle Factors - Alcohol

Smoking is a voluntary habit many people pick up in their lives. Though it can be argued many people find it as a sufficient stress reliever, smoking is extremely bad for the body. It generally leads to decreased lung capacity, causes thickened blood, increases the possibility of strokes and heart disease and other potentially lethal diseases. There are little to none known physical health benefits of smoking currently.

Lifestyle Factors - Diet
A diet is a person’s personal intake of food and drink, Diets are usually in place to meet a certain physical target i.e. weight gain/weight loss. A persons diet can have an adverse effect on their bodies and potentially their future career. If a person’s diet is consistently poor then this may lead to weight gain(if not coupled with high amounts of physical activity), An increased risk of cancer , higher cholesterol, Type II Diabetes, depression and eating disorders. Alternatively a good, well balanced diet can lead to improved moods, Improved cardio vascular fitness, more energy and a reduced risk of disease.

Physical fitness is one if the key aspects of serving in the public services, it ensures quick mobilization in emergency situations and capability to do certain tasks. If you have lead a life of poor dieting and exercise then you may well find physical tasks exceedingly difficult in the application stages of the public services. For example The army currently has several fitness tests in place during selection to ensure that potential recruits are fit and up to the challenges the army offers. These include a 2.4km run, carrying two 20kg jerry cans 150 metres (Males) at a set pace and raising various power bags up to the weight of 40kg onto a wall 1.45 metres high. Should a recruit have neglected their fitness, or have focused their fitness in certain areas and neglected others, they may struggle with these tasks. If recruits have trained well and comprehensively, then these tasks should be no problem and prove you are physically fit for service.

Jamie Matthews
Employment Effects - Physical Activity
Lifestyle Factors - Stress
Stress of some kind is unavoidable in most people's lives, the severity varies from person to person. Stress has a series of effects on the body both physically and mentally. Physically the effects can include higher blood pressure, exhausted feelings, indigestion, acne breakouts, chest pains and headaches.
In terms of mentality, stress can lead to depression, anxiety, mood swings, neurosis etc.
People with existing mental health issues who experience heightened amounts of stress have a higher risk of developing psychosis too and other more severe disorders.

Employment Effects - Alcohol
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to the consumer having a poor mental and physical state if drank regularly. With this is mind it can lead to recruits failing their mental tests and physical ones within the public services. It can also affect energy levels and overall motivation, notably if consumed heavily the night before an important career step. For example if someone is hung over/drunk when they attend their police interview, they are almost certainly not going to get the job and be blacklisted from applying again indefinitely. In terms of long time employment, alcohol consumption can be viewed as a mature and adult thing to do as well as being a sociable thing to do. This however only applies if drank responsibly, drinking heavily at formal events is often frowned upon. Overall, alcohol has its positives (sociable and maturity factors) but can have dire consequences on career prospects if abused.

Employment Effects - Diet
Lifestyle Factors - Smoking
For long term employment and especially in the application stage in ANY public service, Diet (leading on from fitness) is crucial for good performance in any public service. Without a good diet, recruits may find the physical aspects of the job particularly challenging as our energy comes from what we ingest. For example if a potential recruit arrived at a selection event for the Army and has not eaten properly/at all, they may begin to experience fatigue very quickly or feelings of dizziness and illness. This will lead to the recruit not being able to perform to the best of their abilities and potentially failing tasks and thus failing to pass the selection. Due to yearly fitness tests in most services, it is essential that an individual's diet must remain reasonably good as to not put on excessive weight which may limit their performance and them being potentially seen as unfit for service.

Employment Effects - Stress
Stress can affect everything from motivation to how we treat those surrounding us. If an applicant for the public services goes for an interview while experiencing a heightened level of stress they can make rash decisions that affect their answers and their tone of voice which may give the interviewer the wrong impression and cause them to fail the applicant. In terms of long time employment, depending on the severity it may affect someone's ability to work efficiently. For example if an officer in the army on the front lines is experiencing severe stress then he may make quick, rash, incompetent decisions which could put lives in danger, thus stress has caused that person to be unfit to lead and may lead to the officer being medically discharged.
However stress in some areas can be good, it creates pressure on an individual which can lead to speedy, efficient work being done in both the application stages and the later years of public service employment. In my opinion we need a certain level of stress to be able to work to the best of our abilities as it works as a drive/motivation in most cases if at a suitably low level. However high stress levels can affect work performance badly so it is important a balance is found.

Employment Effects - Smoking
Smoking overtime can affect your internal organs leading to issues with the respiratory system. These issues often lead to breathing problems which can limit the amount of physical activity an applicant can do which would jeopardize a career in most services, notably the fire service where good lung capacity is essential.
Depending on how long a person has smoked this can be an indicator of how affected their organs are. For example if someone has just started smoking just before applying for a public service then they are likely to be unaffected too badly and will likely pass selection if they're otherwise fit enough. However as time passes the effects will begin to intensify and may begin affecting them in later life which could lead to an early retirement if they can no longer do their job due to the effects of smoking.
There are several main ways to improve a poor lifestyle depending on the factor:
Physical Activity: To improve physical well being exercise regularly. Depending on the intensity of your workout, you can lose weight, stimulate muscle growth, train your heart rate and improve your own mental view of yourself. Do not overdo exercise however or it can have downsides. To prepare for the public services, work on both endurance and strength
Alcohol: To improve health do not regularly drink alcohol excessively, it contains a lot of "dead" calories that are useless to the body. It may seem a good idea at the time but overtime will damage the body much the same as any other drug. To enjoy a healthy lifestyle as well as alcohol be sensible with what you drink and don't go over the top.
Smoking: If you already smoke and wish to have a healthy lifestyle both now and in the future then the best thing you can do is quit early. though it may cause some mental dedication, it will make you much healthier in the long run. If you currently smoke, there are a variety of quitting tools and advice readily available
Stress: Though stress is a natural part of our lives, it is better to avoid scenarios of intense stress where possible, You may experience these at/from work but it important to keep a level head as to not effect your judgement. Try and avoid stress outside the workplace where possible to improve your mood and mental clarity. In this sense a good for of stress relief would be to exercise as it is proven to reduce stress levels by releasing endorphins.
Diet: If your diet is currently unhealthy, the best thing to do is switch to one that isn't. Different kinds of food. If you plan on exercising regularly then be sure to eat a lot of carbohydrates to provide energy, protein for muscle growth and repair, the correct fats, fibre to keep the digestive system functioning well and be sure to drink lots of water.
Lifestyle Improvement Strategies
Evaluation - Employment Factors
Alcohol: Misuse will affect your chances of gaining entry/keeping a job in the public services. However its good for work social gatherings as it displays maturity, personal discipline and moderation.
Conclusion: Consumed in moderation and drank responsibly it is a good thing to do.
Physical Activity: An essential for joining most public services,It is effective if you work on multiple areas of fitness, i.e running and weight lifting. It is also good for stress relief. It can however lead to muscle damage and extreme fatigue if done for too long or incorrectly
Conclusion: Exercise regularly to get to a good standard of fitness but do not do excessively and make sure you know what you're doing to achieve the best performance.
Smoking is good for stress relief. However it causes too many negative effects on the body.
Conclusion: Unhealthy - To avoid damaging your body, do not smoke and find another form of stress relief i.e. exercise.
Stress: Some stress has its positive effects on including,motivation, higher levels of focus on specific areas and physical enhancement due to adrenaline releases. It can however cause numerous effects on mental well being and affect judgment and reactions.
Conclusion: Stress is good in its own way but only when it does not intensify into mental or physical problems.
Diet: A good diet can lead to us being physically fit and capable of doing the tasks required of us without too much effort. A bad diet can lead to us being unhealthy, heavier than necesary and cause a lot of health defects.
Conclusion: If you want to join a public service make sure your diet links in with your fitness and make sure you eat healthy, especially to lose weight.
Army, British. 'Before You Apply - British Army Website'. Army.mod.uk. N.p., 2015. Web. 31 May 2015.

Healthline,. '5 Benefits Of Healthy Habits'. N.p., 2015. Web. 30 May 2015.

Nhs.uk,. 'Smoke Free | Effects Of Smoking On The Body'. N.p., 2015. Web. 30 May 2015.

WebMD Boots,. 'Stress Symptoms'. N.p., 2015. Web. 31 May 2015.

Knowlton, Susan. 'The Positive Effects Of Stress'. Healthguidance.org. N.p., 2015. Web. 31 May 2015.

Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can affect your body in a variety of different ways, Moderately it is relatively harmless however it can have drastic effect on the liver and brain if drank in excess resulting in brain damage and liver failure. It can also cause a significant weight gain due to volume consumed and the dead calories it contains.

On the plus side, if consumed moderately, studies show it can improve cardiac health and potentially risk the risk of diabetes depending on the person and their metabolism.
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