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Transcript of Yemen
and Dylan Agnich Capital: Sana'a
Other major cities: Aden, Al Hudayah, and Ta'izz
Major Ethnic Groups: Arab, Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
Major Religions: Muslim, Sunni, and Shia
Languages Spoken: Arabic
Ta’izzi Adeni Arabic Afro-Asiatic
Government: Republic, but has slowly deteriorated to a dictatorship Basic Facts The "Republic" of Yemen Yemen is technically a republic, they have a president, but their government has slowly deteriorated into a dictatorship. Elections are not regularly held, laws are created and enforced by the same person. So Yemen is basically ruled under a dictator. 1950- The “Operation Magic Carpet” takes place for Jews living in Yemen. This was an operation to bring all Yemenite Jews to Israel, because life was extremely difficult being Jewish and living in Yemen The U.N. decided to bring the Jews to Israel. This plan was successful, and 50,000 jews were brought to Israel. Now, Israel forbids its Jewish citizens to go to Yemen, similar to how the U.S. does not really allow its citizens to go to Cuba. (however, this policy is changing) 1962 - Imam Ahmad the leader of Yemen dies. His son is supposed to follow his lead, but army officers seize power, and the Yemen Arab Republic is established. This causes a civil war between royalists supported by Saudi Arabia and republicans supported by Egypt. 1967- South Yemen is formed. The Yemen Civil War greatly resembles the Civil war against slavery the U.S. fought in, because the U.S. also split into 2 countries. It is known as the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. 1982 - Enormous 6.0 magnitude earthquake in North Yemen kills 3,000. 1990- The North and South re-unite. 2011- protestors began calling for the ejection of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who had ruled Yemen since 1978. He is an elected president, but he acts more like a dictator. This is a similar situation to what is currently happening in Syria. 1967- In the start of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) severed relations with the United States. 1972 -Diplomatic relations between North Yemen and the United States were reestablished after a visit to Sana’a by U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers. 1969-The U.S. embassy in Aden closed when the People’s Republic of Southern Yemen damaged relations with the United States 1994 - the armies of former north and south Yemen, failed to come together, and relations between southern and northern leaders deteriorate. This leads to an attempted split. 1994- President Saleh declares state of emergency and dismisses al-Baid and other southern government members pro splitting and fighting. People flee from the fighting. May 1994- Al-Baid declares independence of Democratic Republic of Yemen. Saleh rejects the and says it is illegal. 2001- President Saleh visits the United States to tell President Bush that Yemen is a partner in the fight against terrorism. 2002- The Yemeni government begins to crack down on terrorism. 100 foreign Islamic scholars, including British and French nationals were kicked out of the country because they were suspected al-Qaeda members. 2006- President Saleh wins another term in elections. September 2008- Attack on the US embassy in Sana'a. April 2011 - Unrest and violence spread throughout the country. However, President Saleh refuses to leave office. October 2011- UN Security Council passes resolution condemning violence, calls for transfer of power. January 2012- President Saleh leaves Yemen.
February 2012- Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi becomes the president. September 2012 September 11th 2012- U.S. Ambassador killed in Libya
September 12th 2012- The U.S. Ambassador in Yemen is sent back to the United States for safety precautions
September 14th 2012- Attacks and Protests at the U.S. Embassy in Yemen http://www.reuters.com/video/2012/09/14/anti-us-protests-rage-in-yemen-over-film?videoId=237756203 Yemen is not very developed or advanced. It is mostly
rural areas and farmland. Yemen is very behind, and could use help to become more modern, which would definitely help the country in its current situation. Yemen is considered as, "is one of the last countries in the Arabic world untouched by western influences". (http://www.yementrek.com/) Western Influence Economy Yemen is an extremely poor country with:
30% unemployment rate
Most jobs are agricultural and not prosperous
less than ¼ of labor force is construction and commerce- commercial trading
32% of country is under poverty line
revolves only around oil, fish, and farming.
shrinking natural resources
increasing population growth
small oil reserves expected to be completely depleted by 2020 Economy & Government Now that the Yemeni citizens are satisfied with their Republic, they will want more. Currently, Yemen’s economy is at the bottom, and one of the worst in the Middle East. Yemen’s economy is projected to can only get worse, with the recent violence and corruption. Yemeni citizens will expect their new government to come up with a solution to the economy. The bad economy reflects Yemen’s government. The government is a Republic, but the president is not fully doing his job to protect the people. The president should be creating more jobs with the taxpayers’ money. The president should give out welfare to the families that really need it. Yemen’s government needs to do a better job with helping out their citizens because of its poor economy. Import Partners: Saudi Arabia, China,
Main Export partners:
India 20%, Thailand 19%, China 23%,
US Trade Relationships with other countries Yemen is allies with Egypt, Iraq, and Jordan. Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Yemen are in a pact called the Arab Cooperation Council. The Arab Cooperation Council is a councli that was created in response to these four countries being left out of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen wanted closer economic cooperation and to become better allies, so they formed this council. Relationship with the U.S. Yemen and the U.S. had been on good terms, they were allies in fighting against terrorism. However, recently Yemen has disturbed this relationship. Islamic people and Yemeni people are offended by the Mohammed Movie, a film that portrays Mohammed, the leader of Islam in awful ways. This film was made in America, which prompted citizens of Yemen to protest and create violence at the US Embassy. The U.S. Ambassador in Yemen had to evacuate Yemen so that they would not be harmed in the violence. Relationship with Israel The Yemeni government has strict rules against Israelis coming to Yemen. If you are from Israel or Israeli, you are forbidden from entering the country. Israel also advises Jewish people to stay away from Yemen. The reason behind this rule is because Yemen was angry about the Jews leaving the country in the Operation Magic Carpet which took place in 1950. Also, because Yemen and Israel do not get along well with each other. There are only around 70 Jews living in Yemen, and live under extreme government protection. Why is Yemen Unique? Yemen is unique because the situation of the country is very difficult to understand. Yemen is truly a third world country. By July of 2012, one million children in Yemen were malnourished. 1/2 of the adult population is malnourished. Yemen refuses to bring Western culture into their lives, so they will be far behind in life. 30% of the population is unemployed, and the average person who works in Yemen earns $2 a day. Also, there is the constant threat of a terrorist attack, as there are al-Quaeda groups every where. Plans for the future In the future, Yemen’s government will prosper, but not the people. The government will be more fair towards the people by giving women more rights and lowering the year of terms on the president. Yemen has a horrible, poor economy that has a bleak future. With Yemen’s main exports oil, farming, and fish, the economy is in a dire state. With oil prices skyrocketing right now, Yemen will keep on mining oil. It is predicted by 2020, Yemen’s oil reserve will be completely This would send the oil industry, which is Yemen’s main source of income, into dust. Yemen’s government needs to come up with solutions for the unstable economy of Yemen. If this doesn’t happen, many people will be leaving Yemen to other countries with better economies by, at the latest, 2025. THE END.
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