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African Slave Trade
Transcript of African Slave Trade
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Long-Term Effects Slave Trade Review Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. "During slavery many of the able-bodied people, between 18 and 40, were taken out so society's ability to reproduce itself economically, socially and culturally was impaired," says Zagba Oyortey a Ghanaian cultural historian. The Slave Trades Africa’s Underdevelopment Total number of slaves traded Possible Impacting Factors Africans trading Africans Rachel, Hannah, Dan, and Kenya Ghana was a popular place for the slave trade due to it's geographic location on the West coast where it was easily accessible from Europe. Ghana's slave trade began in the 1500s when the New World demand for slaves was high in the Americas The Portuguese were the original people to settle the land on the Gold Coast They had come in 1471 for the purpose to trade for gold, ivory, and pepper The Portuguese made Elmina Castle
for trading goods It was not long before the slave trade became the principal income in Africa. The history of slavery can be traced back to the first ancient civilizations ever recorded in history. Each and every ancient civilization including the Greeks, Romans, Babylonians and Egyptians acquired slaves, mostly through wars and captivity. African slaves were recorded to be in Europe before the 15th Century and a part of the large Arab slave trade before the 8th Century.
August 8, 1444 – 235 kidnapped and enslaved Africans are brought to Portugal, marking the first large group of African slaves to be brought to Europe. Historic Beginnings of Slavery African slaves are soon put to work on sugar plantations in Portugal and in June of 1452, Pope Nicholas V issues a bull, Dum Diversas, authorising the Portuguese to take slaves amongst any non-Christians, thus generating the West African slave trade.
Throughout the century, the Portuguese began to travel throughout Western Africa, setting up castles and colonies in the effort of expanding their slave trade. Spain Portugal England On the other hand, another perspective of the history of African slavery is that of the Arabs; one that has disappeared behind the glory of the European powers. Took place across the Atlantic ocean and began around the mid-fifteenth century By the seventeenth century the trade was in full swing, reaching a peak towards the end of the eighteenth century. (1450-1750) Approximately 12.5 million slaves were traded The majority of slaves transported to the New World were Africans from the central and western parts of the continent Trade developed around a triangle From Britain to West Africa taking goods such as ammunition, cloth and glassware, from West Africa to the Americas carrying enslaved people from the Americas back to Britain with raw materials such as sugar, tobacco and cotton. Other slave trades included: The Trans-Saharan Slave Trade Red Sea Slave Trade Indian Ocean Slave Trades Slaves where to be sold to do labor in coffee, tobacco, cocoa, cotton and sugar plantations, gold and silver mines, rice fields, construction industry, cutting timber for ships, and as house servants. Began late in the 7th century and until twentieth century or twenty-first century. During the trans-Saharan slave trade, slaves were taken from south of the Saharan desert and shipped to Northern Africa. In the Red Sea slave trade, slaves were taken from inland of the Red Sea and shipped to the Middle East and India. slaves were taken from Eastern Africa and shipped either to the Middle East, India or to plantation islands in the Indian Ocean. Suppersion of Cultural Identity Approximately 12 million able bodied slaves were exported from Africa taking a grave toll on its overall development. Africans enslaving Africans has left an aftermath of social problems for the region. The slave trades weakened ties between villages. They also discouraged the formation of larger communities and broader ethnic identities. Loss of cultural identity is also an impacting effect on Africa. African culture was suppressed and looked down upon for so long that there has been a huge gap in the passing of cultural traditions to younger generations. What made Ghana such a popular place for slave trade? What was the name of the Portuguese made Castle for trading goods? Name one of the effects of the slave trade and describe its impact on Africa. Which of the Europeans was last to arrive? What was another name for the Trans-Atlantic slave trade? The triangle slave trade was another name for the trans-Atlantic slave trade because of the route it took. Elmina Castle was taken over by the Dutch in 1637 to be used for the slave trade instead of gold. The chiefs, Muslim leaders and Merchants even partook in the Slave trade because they got certain advantages from it. It became their own market to help sell their people. People of the Asante kingdom who supplied to the Europeans and the Muslim traders were in a raged war to secure their own slaves and to keep trade routes to do their business with. The African slave trade peaking in the 18th century when 6.3 million slaves were shipped to the Americas from Africa. Almost 5,000 a year were from Ghana.
The Slave Trade was not stopped world wide until the 1860s .