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Transcript of ISLAM
ISLAM AROUND THE WORLD
Beliefs and Practice
The Five Pillars
Confess the faith by reciting "There
is no God but Allah, and Muhammad
is His Prophet."
Pray five times a day at specific times,
while facing the holy city of Mecca.
Give money to the poor.
Islamic scholars have determined
that the amount is 2.5% of a person's
Fast from sunrise to sunset during
the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. This is done in remembrance of the giving of the Qur'an.
Take a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once if possible. Mecca is a holy city for Muslims; by law non-Muslims may not enter it.
These are going to suffer punishment for not following the ways of Allah and the Qur'an.
After the Resurrection, these will spend the afterlife in Paradise, a place of joy and bliss.
Founder and Holy Book
born in 570
raised by his grandfather and uncle
lived isolated lives
believed to be a strong influence in the Islamic development
At 40 he started having religious visions
Believed he was called to be a prophet and teacher of Islam which means "submission"
Quran or Koran was written over a 23 year period in the 7th century in the Common Era
Prophets scribes wrote the 114 chapters given by the Prophet himself
Prophet and Sahabah muslims memorized the entire Quran
Thousands of Muslims today have also memorized the Quran
Formed 610 CE
Origin : Arabian peninsula
Meaning of Islam: surrender or submission
Muhammads death: he died unexpectedly in 632 CE in Medina at the age of 63. This caused the islamic community to divide over the question of succession
the two groups: Shi'a
Of all the people in the world, one out of five are Muslim.
Islam gets a lot of media attention because of the turmoil in the Middle East
Islam as we see it today
The other side of Islam
A lot of the tension in the Middle east can be credited to sectarianism between Sunni Muslims and Shi'ite Muslims.
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
ISIS’s goal is to create an Islamic State by reclaiming Muslim homelands. They have targeted anyone who they believe to be against their cause.
Such as America and it's allies.
And even declaring...
Shi'ite Muslims a greater threat than the USA to the pure Islamic state.
That's a the negative side of Islam.
But as we all know, it is never fair to judge an entire system by it's abuses.
And so, let take a look at...
Muslims have incredible amounts of devotion to their beliefs.
Muslims value family highly
Strong sense of community where individuals have value and importance within a group.
Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are all Abrahamic religions, tracing their roots back to Abraham
Family forms the building block of Muslim society
This results in a strong sense of identity.
Women in Islam
622, Muhammad was scared for his life and started out on a Hegira "flight" to Medina, the first Mosque was built
629 took 1500 Islamic people back to Mecca
before his death in 631 Arabian Peninsula was converted to Islam
split into the Sunnis and the Shiites