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More Key Terms for The Odyssey

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Kristin Reed

on 7 January 2016

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Transcript of More Key Terms for The Odyssey

More Key Terms for The Odyssey
epithet
a descriptive word or phrase accompanying or occurring in place of the name of a person or thing.
in media res
"in the middle of things"
refers to a story that begins in the middle of the action rather than at the beginning.
kleos
divine
intervention
when the gods intervene or step in to interfere in human affairs
hubris
the Greek word often translated to "renown", or "glory" and carries the implied meaning of "what others hear about you."
Kleos transfers from father to son; the son is responsible for carrying on and
building upon the "glory" of the
father.
The Greek word for homecoming. It is a theme dealt with in many Homeric writings such as the Odyssey, in which the main character, Odysseus, strives to get home after the Trojan War.
nostos
Homeric Similes
also called "epic similes"
a detailed comparison in the form of a simile that is many lines in length.
The typical Homeric simile makes a comparison to some kind of event, in the form "like a __ when it does ___." The object of the comparison is usually something familiar to the audience, such as an animal or the weather.
Example
"Fear fell upon Hector as he beheld him, and he dared not stay longer where he was but fled in dismay from before the gates, while Achilles darted after him at his utmost speed. As a mountain falcon, swiftest of all birds, swoops down upon some cowering dove- the dove flies before him but the falcon with a shrill scream follows close after, resolved to have her- even so did Achilles make straight for Hector with all his might, while Hector fled under the Trojan wall as fast as his limbs could take him." - The Iliad
"grey-eyed goddess"
"wine-dark sea"
"clear-headed Telemakhos"
Example: Athena intervening on behalf of Odysseus so he can return home.
excessive pride, self-confidence, or arrogance, often resulting in fatal retribution.
In ancient Greece, hubris referred to actions which, intentionally or not, shamed and humiliated the victim, and frequently the perpetrator as well.
It was also used to describe actions of those who challenged the gods or their laws, especially in Greek tragedy, resulting in the protagonist's downfall.
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