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Difference Between Synthetic & Natural Occurring Elements

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Ikonkar Khalsa

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Difference Between Synthetic & Natural Occurring Elements

Difference Between Synthetic & Natural Occurring Elements
The difference between a synthetic element and a natural element is that natural elements can be found naturally occuring in the universe, whereas synthetic elements have to be synthesized/made by humans to get access to that element.
Definition of Natural Occurring Elements
Existing by nature and without artificial aid
Definition of Synthetic Element
Chemical element that does not occur naturally on Earth, and can only be made artificially.
How is it formed and what do you combine to make it?
Einsteinium was discovered by a team of scientists led by Albert Ghiorso in 1952 while studying the radioactive debris produced by the detonation of the first hydrogen bomb.The isotope they discovered, einsteinium-253, has a half-life of about 20 days and was produced by combining 15 neutrons with uranium-238, which then underwent seven beta decays. Today, einsteinium is produced though a lengthy chain of nuclear reactions that involves bombarding each isotope in the chain with neutrons and then allowing the resulting isotope to undergo beta decay.
A Natural Occurring & Synthetic Element
Natural Occurring Element Synthetic Element
> Zirconium > Einsteinium

Difference Between Synthetic & Natural Occurring Elements
Where are they found in nature?
Zirconium is found in S-type stars, and has been identified in the sun and meteorites. Analysis of lunar rock samples show a surprisingly high zirconium oxide content as compared with terrestrial rocks.

What is it used for?
It is used extensively by the chemical industry where corrosive agents are employed. The metal is used as an alloying agent in steel and for making surgical appliances.

What is it used for?
Einsteinium is considered highly-radioactive. Because of this property and its rarity, einsteinium is typically used for experimental purposes only. Much of it is only artificially or synthetically produced to help with some research and/or element studies.
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